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How to: Sort and Group Data Using a View in XAML

This example shows how to create a view of a data collection in Extensible Application Markup Language (XAML). Views allow for the functionalities of grouping, sorting, filtering, and the notion of a current item.

In the following example, the static resource named places is defined as a collection of Place objects, in which each Place object is consisted of a city name and the state. The prefix src is mapped to the namespace where the data source Places is defined. The prefix scm maps to "clr-namespace:System.ComponentModel;assembly=WindowsBase" and dat maps to "clr-namespace:System.Windows.Data;assembly=PresentationFramework".

The following example creates a view of the data collection that is sorted by the city name and grouped by the state.

  <Window.Resources>

    <src:Places x:Key="places"/>

    <CollectionViewSource Source="{StaticResource places}" x:Key="cvs">
      <CollectionViewSource.SortDescriptions>
        <scm:SortDescription PropertyName="CityName"/>
      </CollectionViewSource.SortDescriptions>
      <CollectionViewSource.GroupDescriptions>
        <dat:PropertyGroupDescription PropertyName="State"/>
      </CollectionViewSource.GroupDescriptions>
    </CollectionViewSource>

The view can then be a binding source, as in the following example:

<ListBox ItemsSource="{Binding Source={StaticResource cvs}}"
         DisplayMemberPath="CityName" Name="lb">
  <ListBox.GroupStyle>
    <x:Static Member="GroupStyle.Default"/>
  </ListBox.GroupStyle>
</ListBox>

For bindings to XML data defined in an XmlDataProvider resource, precede the XML name with an @ symbol.

<XmlDataProvider x:Key="myTasks" XPath="Tasks/Task">
    <x:XData>
        <Tasks xmlns="">
            <Task Name="Groceries" Priority="2" Type="Home">
<CollectionViewSource x:Key="mySortedTasks"
                      Source="{StaticResource myTasks}">
    <CollectionViewSource.SortDescriptions>
        <scm:SortDescription PropertyName="@Priority" />
    </CollectionViewSource.SortDescriptions>
    <CollectionViewSource.GroupDescriptions>
        <dat:PropertyGroupDescription PropertyName="@Priority" />
    </CollectionViewSource.GroupDescriptions>
</CollectionViewSource>
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