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Mapping Replacement Functions for Backward Compatibility of Applications

An ODBC 3.x application working through the ODBC 3.x Driver Manager will work against an ODBC 2.x driver as long as no new features are used. Both duplicated functionality and behavioral changes do, however, affect the way that the ODBC 3.x application works on an ODBC 2.x driver. When working with an ODBC 2.x driver, the Driver Manager maps the following ODBC 3.x functions, which have replaced one or more ODBC 2.x functions, into the corresponding ODBC 2.x functions.

ODBC 3.x function

ODBC 2.x function

SQLAllocHandle

SQLAllocEnv, SQLAllocConnect, or SQLAllocStmt

SQLBulkOperations

SQLSetPos

SQLColAttribute

SQLColAttributes

SQLEndTran

SQLTransact

SQLFetch

SQLExtendedFetch

SQLFetchScroll

SQLExtendedFetch

SQLFreeHandle

SQLFreeEnv, SQLFreeConnect, or SQLFreeStmt

SQLGetConnectAttr

SQLGetConnectOption

SQLGetDiagRec

SQLError

SQLGetStmtAttr

SQLGetStmtOption[1]

SQLSetConnectAttr

SQLSetConnectOption

SQLSetStmtAttr

SQLSetStmtOption[1]

[1]   Other actions might also be taken, depending on the attribute being requested.

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLAllocEnv, SQLAllocConnect, or SQLAllocStmt, as appropriate. The following call to SQLAllocHandle:

SQLAllocHandle(HandleType, InputHandle, OutputHandlePtr);

will result in the Driver Manager performing the following (conceptual, no error checking) mapping:

switch (HandleType) {
   case SQL_HANDLE_ENV: return (SQLAllocEnv(OutputHandlePtr));
   case SQL_HANDLE_DBC: return (SQLAllocConnect (InputHandle, OutputHandlePtr));
   case SQL_HANDLE_STMT: return (SQLAllocStmt (InputHandle, OutputHandlePtr));
   default: // return SQL_ERROR, SQLSTATE HY092 ("Invalid attribute/option identifier")
}

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLSetPos. The following call to SQLBulkOperations:

SQLBulkOperations(hstmt, Operation);

will result in the following sequence of steps:

  1. If the Operation argument is SQL_ADD, the Driver Manager calls SQLSetPos as follows:

    SQLSetPos (hstmt, 0, SQL_ADD, SQL_LOCK_NO_CHANGE);
    
  2. If the Operation argument is not SQL_ADD, the driver returns SQLSTATE HY092 (Invalid attribute/option identifier).

  3. If the application attempts to change the SQL_ATTR_ROW_STATUS_PTR between calls to SQLFetch or SQLFetchScroll and SQLBulkOperations, the Driver Manager will return SQLSTATE HY011 (Attribute cannot be set now).

  4. If the Operation argument is SQL_ADD, the application must call SQLBindCol to bind the data to be inserted. It cannot call SQLSetDescField or SQLSetDescRec to bind the data to be inserted.

  5. If the Operation argument is SQL_ADD and the number of rows to be inserted is not the same as the current rowset size, SQLSetStmtAttr must be called to set the SQL_ATTR_ROW_ARRAY_SIZE statement attribute to the number of rows to be inserted before calling SQLBulkOperations. To revert back to the previous rowset size, the application must set the SQL_ATTR_ROW_ARRAY_SIZE statement attribute before SQLFetch, SQLFetchScroll, or SQLSetPos is called.

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLColAttributes. The following call to SQLColAttribute:

SQLColAttribute(StatementHandle, ColumnNumber, FieldIdentifier, CharacterAttributePtr, BufferLength, StringLengthPtr, NumericAttributePtr);

will result in the following sequence of steps:

  1. If FieldIdentifier is one of the following:

    SQL_DESC_PRECISION, SQL_DESC_SCALE, SQL_DESC_LENGTH, SQL_DESC_OCTET_LENGTH, SQL_DESC_UNNAMED, SQL_DESC_BASE_COLUMN_NAME, SQL_DESC_LITERAL_PREFIX, SQL_DESC_LITERAL_SUFFIX, or SQL_DESC_LOCAL_TYPE_NAME

    the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY091 (Invalid descriptor field identifier). No further rules of this section apply.

  2. The Driver Manager maps SQL_COLUMN_COUNT, SQL_COLUMN_NAME, or SQL_COLUMN_NULLABLE to SQL_DESC_COUNT, SQL_DESC_NAME, or SQL_DESC_NULLABLE, respectively. (An ODBC 2.x driver need only support SQL_COLUMN_COUNT, SQL_COLUMN_NAME, and SQL_COLUMN_NULLABLE, not SQL_DESC_COUNT, SQL_DESC_NAME, and SQL_DESC_NULLABLE.) The call to SQLColAttribute is mapped to:

    SQLColAttributes(StatementHandle, ColumnNumber, FieldIdentifier, CharacterAttributePtr, BufferLength, StringLengthPtr, NumericAttributePtr);
    
  3. All other FieldIdentifier values are passed through to the driver, with SQLColAttribute mapped to SQLColAttributes as shown previously.

  4. If BufferLength is less than 0, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY090 (Invalid string or buffer length). No further rules of this section apply.

  5. If FieldIdentifier is SQL_DESC_CONCISE_TYPE and the returned type is a concise datetime data type, the Driver Manager maps the return values for date, time, and timestamp codes.

  6. The Driver Manager performs necessary checks to see whether SQLSTATE HY010 (Function sequence error) needs to be raised. If so, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR and SQLSTATE HY010 (Function sequence error). No further rules of this section apply.

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLTransact. The following call to SQLEndTran:

SQLEndTran(HandleType, Handle, CompletionType);

will result in the Driver Manager performing the following (conceptual, no error checking) mapping:

switch (HandleType) {
   case SQL_HANDLE_ENV:return(SQLTransact(Handle, SQL_NULL_HDBC, CompletionType));
   case SQL_HANDLE_DBC:return(SQLTransact(SQL_NULL_HENV, Handle, CompletionType);
   default: // return SQL_ERROR, SQLSTATE HY092 ("Invalid attribute/option identifier")
}

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLExtendedFetch with a FetchOrientation argument of SQL_FETCH_NEXT. The following call to SQLFetch:

SQLFetch (StatementHandle);

will result in the Driver Manager calling SQLExtendedFetch, as follows:

rc = SQLExtendedFetch(StatementHandle, FetchOrientation, FetchOffset, &RowCount, RowStatusArray);

In this call, the pcRow argument is set to the value that the application sets the SQL_ATTR_ROWS_FETCHED_PTR statement attribute to through a call to SQLSetStmtAttr.

NoteNote

When the application calls SQLSetStmtAttr to set SQL_ATTR_ROW_STATUS_PTR to point to a status array, the Driver Manager caches the pointer. RowStatusArray can be equal to a null pointer.

If the driver does not support SQLExtendedFetch and the cursor library is loaded, the Driver Manager uses the cursor library's SQLExtendedFetch to map SQLFetch to SQLExtendedFetch. If the driver does not support SQLExtendedFetch and the cursor library is not loaded, the Driver Manager passes the call to SQLFetch through to the driver. If the application calls SQLSetStmtAttr to set SQL_ATTR_ROW_STATUS_PTR, the Driver Manager ensures that the array is populated. If the application calls SQLSetStmtAttr to set SQL_ATTR_ROWS_FETCHED_PTR, the Driver Manager sets this field to 1.

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLExtendedFetch. The following call to SQLFetchScroll:

SQLFetchScroll(StatementHandle, FetchOrientation, FetchOffset);

will result in the following sequence of steps:

  1. When the application calls SQLSetStmtAttr to set SQL_ATTR_ROW_STATUS_PTR (which sets the SQL_DESC_ARRAY_STATUS_PTR field in the IRD) to point to a status array, the Driver Manager caches this pointer. Let this pointer be RowStatusArray; otherwise, let RowStatusArray be equal to a null pointer. If the RowStatusArray argument is set to a null pointer, the Driver Manager generates a row-status array.

  2. If FetchOrientation is not one of SQL_FETCH_NEXT, SQL_FETCH_PRIOR, SQL_FETCH_ABSOLUTE, SQL_FETCH_RELATIVE, SQL_FETCH_FIRST, SQL_FETCH_LAST, or SQL_FETCH_BOOKMARK, the Driver Manager returns with SQL_ERROR and SQLSTATE HY106 (Fetch type out of range). No further rules of this section apply.

  3. Case:

  • If FetchOrientation is equal to SQL_FETCH_BOOKMARK, then:

    • If SQLSetStmtAttr was called earlier to set the value of SQL_ATTR_FETCH_BOOKMARK_PTR, then let Bmk be the value obtained by dereferencing the pointer SQL_DESC_FETCH_BOOKMARK_PTR.

    • Otherwise, return SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY111 (Invalid bookmark value). No further rules of this section apply.

    The Driver Manager now calls SQLExtendedFetch, as follows:

    rc = SQLExtendedFetch(StatementHandle, FetchOrientation, Bmk, pcRow, RowStatusArray);
    
  • Otherwise, the Driver Manager calls SQLExtendedFetch, as follows:

    rc = SQLExtendedFetch(StatementHandle, FetchOrientation, FetchOffset, pcRow, RowStatusArray);
    

    In these calls, the pcRow argument is set to the value that the application sets the SQL_ATTR_ROWS_FETCHED_PTR statement attribute to through a call to SQLSetStmtAttr.

  • SQL_ATTR_ROW_ARRAY_SIZE is mapped to SQL_ROWSET_SIZE.

  • If rc is equal to SQL_SUCCESS or SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO, and if FetchOrientation is equal to SQL_FETCH_BOOKMARK and FetchOffset is not equal to 0, then the Driver Manager posts a warning, SQLSTATE 01S10 (Attempt to fetch by a bookmark offset, offset value ignored), and returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLFreeEnv, SQLFreeConnect, or SQLFreeStmt as appropriate. The following call to SQLFreeHandle:

SQLFreeHandle(HandleType, Handle);

will result in the Driver Manager performing the following (conceptual, no error checking) mapping:

switch (HandleType) {
   case SQL_HANDLE_ENV: return (SQLFreeEnv(Handle));
   case SQL_HANDLE_DBC: return (SQLFreeConnect(Handle));
   case SQL_HANDLE_STMT: return (SQLFreeStmt(Handle, SQL_DROP));
   default: // return SQL_ERROR, SQLSTATE HY092 ("Invalid attribute/option identifier")
}

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLGetConnectOption. The following call to SQLGetConnectAttr:

SQLGetConnectAttr(ConnectionHandle, Attribute, ValuePtr, BufferLength, StringLengthPtr);

will result in the following sequence of steps:

  1. If Attribute is not a driver-defined connection or statement attribute and is not an attribute defined in ODBC 2.x, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY092 (Invalid attribute/option identifier). No further rules in this section apply.

  2. If Attribute is equal to SQL_ATTR_AUTO_IPD or SQL_ATTR_METADATA_ID, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY092 (Invalid attribute/option identifier).

  3. The Driver Manager performs necessary checks to see if SQLSTATE 08003 (Connection not open) or SQLSTATE HY010 (Function sequence error) needs to be raised. If so, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR and posts the appropriate error message. No further rules of this section apply.

  4. The Driver Manager calls SQLGetConnectOption as follows:

    SQLGetConnectOption (ConnectionHandle, Attribute, ValuePtr);
    

    Note that the BufferLength and StringLengthPtr are ignored.

When an ODBC 3.x application working with an ODBC 2.x driver calls SQLGetData with the ColumnNumber argument equal to 0, the ODBC 3.x Driver Manager maps this to a call to SQLGetStmtOption with the Option attribute set to SQL_GET_BOOKMARK.

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLGetStmtOption. The following call to SQLGetStmtAttr:

SQLGetStmtAttr(StatementHandle, Attribute, ValuePtr, BufferLength, StringLengthPtr);

will result in the following sequence of steps:

  1. If Attribute is not a driver-defined connection or statement attribute and is not an attribute defined in ODBC 2.x, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY092 (Invalid attribute/option identifier). No further rules in this section apply.

  2. If Attribute is one of the following:

    SQL_ATTR_APP_ROW_DESC

    SQL_ATTR_APP_PARAM_DESC

    SQL_ATTR_AUTO_IPD

    SQL_ATTR_ROW_BIND_TYPE

    SQL_ATTR_IMP_ROW_DESC

    SQL_ATTR_IMP_PARAM_DESC

    SQL_ATTR_METADATA_ID

    SQL_ATTR_PARAM_BIND_TYPE

    SQL_ATTR_PREDICATE_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_PREDICATE_OCTET_LENGTH_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_PARAM_BIND_OFFSET_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_ROW_BIND_OFFSET_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_ROW_OPERATION_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_PARAM_OPERATION_PTR

    the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY092 (Invalid attribute/option identifier). No further rules of this section apply.

  3. The Driver Manager performs necessary checks to see whether SQLSTATE HY010 (Function sequence error) needs to be raised. If so, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR and SQLSTATE HY010 (Function sequence error). No further rules of this section apply.

  4. If Attribute is equal to SQL_ATTR_ROWS_FETCHED_PTR, the Driver Manager returns a pointer to the internal Driver Manager variable cRow, which it has used or will use in a call to SQLExtendedFetch. No further rules of this section apply.

  5. If Attribute is equal to SQL_DESC_FETCH_BOOKMARK_PTR, the Driver Manager returns the appropriate pointer that it had cached during a call to SQLSetStmtAttr.

  6. If Attribute is equal to SQL_ATTR_ROW_STATUS_PTR, the Driver Manager returns the appropriate pointer that it had cached during a call to SQLSetStmtAttr.

  7. The Driver Manager calls SQLGetStmtOption as follows:

    SQLGetStmtOption (hstmt, fOption, pvParam);
    

    where hstmt, fOption, and pvParam will be set to the values of StatementHandle, Attribute, and ValuePtr, respectively. The BufferLength and StringLengthPtr are ignored.

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLSetConnectOption. The following call to SQLSetConnectAttr:

SQLSetConnectAttr(ConnectionHandle, Attribute, ValuePtr, StringLength);

will result in the following sequence of steps:

  1. If Attribute is not a driver-defined connection or statement attribute and is not an attribute defined in ODBC 2.x, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY092 (Invalid attribute/option identifier). No further rules in this section apply.

  2. If Attribute is equal to SQL_ATTR_AUTO_IPD, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY092 (Invalid attribute/option identifier).

  3. The Driver Manager performs necessary checks to see whether SQLSTATE 08003 (Connection not open) or SQLSTATE HY010 (Function sequence error) need to be raised. If one of these errors needs to be raised, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR and posts the appropriate error message. No further rules of this section apply.

  4. The Driver Manager calls SQLSetConnectOption as follows:

    SQLSetConnectOption (hdbc, fOption, vParam);
    

    where hdbc, fOption, and vParam will be set to the values of ConnectionHandle, Attribute, and ValuePtr, respectively. StringLengthPtr is ignored.

NoteNote

The ability to set statement attributes on the connection level has been deprecated. Statement attributes should never be set on the connection level by an ODBC 3.x application.

The Driver Manager maps this to SQLSetStmtOption. The following call to SQLSetStmtAttr:

SQLSetStmtAttr(StatementHandle, Attribute, ValuePtr, StringLength);

will result in the following sequence of steps:

  1. If Attribute is not a driver-defined connection or statement attribute and is not an attribute defined in ODBC 2.x, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY092 (Invalid attribute/option identifier). No further rules in this section apply.

  2. If Attribute is one of the following:

    SQL_ATTR_APP_ROW_DESC

    SQL_ATTR_APP_PARAM_DESC

    SQL_ATTR_AUTO_IPD

    SQL_ATTR_ROW_BIND_TYPE

    SQL_ATTR_IMP_ROW_DESC

    SQL_ATTR_IMP_PARAM_DESC

    SQL_ATTR_METADATA_ID

    SQL_ATTR_PARAM_BIND_TYPE

    SQL_ATTR_PREDICATE_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_PREDICATE_OCTET_LENGTH_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_PARAM_BIND_OFFSET_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_ROW_BIND_OFFSET_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_ROW_OPERATION_PTR

    SQL_ATTR_PARAM_OPERATION_PTR

    the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR with SQLSTATE HY092 (Invalid attribute/option identifier). No further rules of this section apply.

  3. The Driver Manager performs the necessary checks to see whether SQLSTATE HY010 (Function sequence error) need to be raised. If so, the Driver Manager returns SQL_ERROR and SQLSTATE HY010 (Function sequence error). No further rules of this section apply.

  4. If Attribute is equal to SQL_ATTR_PARAMSET_SIZE or SQL_ATTR_PARAMS_PROCESSED_PTR, see the section "Mappings for Handling Parameter Arrays," later in this topic. No further rules of this section apply.

  5. If Attribute is equal to SQL_ATTR_ROWS_FETCHED_PTR, the Driver Manager caches the pointer value for later use with SQLFetchScroll.

  6. If Attribute is equal to SQL_ATTR_ROW_STATUS_PTR, the Driver Manager caches the pointer value for later use with SQLFetchScroll or SQLSetPos. No further rules of this section apply.

  7. If Attribute is equal to SQL_ATTR_FETCH_BOOKMARK_PTR, the Driver Manager caches ValuePtr and will use the cached value later in a call to SQLFetchScroll. No further rules of this section apply.

  8. The Driver Manager calls SQLSetStmtOption as follows:

    SQLSetStmtOption (hstmt, fOption, vParam);
    

    where hstmt, fOption, and vParam will be set to the values of StatementHandle, Attribute, and ValuePtr, respectively. The StringLength argument is ignored.

    If an ODBC 2.x driver supports character-string, driver-specific statement options, an ODBC 3.x application should call SQLSetStmtOption to set those options.

When the application calls:

SQLSetStmtAttr (StatementHandle, SQL_ATTR_PARAMSET_SIZE, Size, StringLength);

the Driver Manager calls:

SQLParamOptions (StatementHandle, Size, &RowCount);

The Driver Manager later returns a pointer to this variable when the application calls SQLGetStmtAttr to retrieve SQL_ATTR_PARAMS_PROCESSED_PTR. The Driver Manager cannot change this internal variable until the statement handle is returned to the prepared or allocated state.

An ODBC 3.x application can call SQLGetStmtAttr to obtain the value of SQL_ATTR_PARAMS_PROCESSED_PTR even though it has not explicitly set the SQL_DESC_ARRAY_SIZE field in the APD. This situation could arise, for example, if the application has a generic routine that checks for the current "row" of parameters being processed when SQLExecute returns SQL_NEED_DATA. This routine is invoked whether or not the SQL_DESC_ARRAY_SIZE is 1 or is greater than 1. To account for this, the Driver Manager will need to define this internal variable whether or not the application has called SQLSetStmtAttr to set the SQL_DESC_ARRAY_SIZE field in APD. If SQL_DESC_ARRAY_SIZE has not been set, the Driver Manager has to make sure that this variable contains the value 1 prior to returning from SQLExecDirect or SQLExecute.

In ODBC 3.x, calling SQLFetch or SQLFetchScroll populates the SQL_DESC_ARRAY_STATUS_PTR in the IRD, and the SQL_DIAG_ROW_NUMBER field of a given diagnostic record contains the number of the row in the rowset that this record pertains to. Using this, the application can correlate an error message with a given row position.

An ODBC 2.x driver will be unable to provide this functionality. However, it will provide error demarcation with SQLSTATE 01S01 (Error in row). An ODBC 3.x application that is using SQLFetch or SQLFetchScroll while going against an ODBC 2.x driver needs to be aware of this fact. Note also that such an application will be unable to call SQLGetDiagField to actually get the SQL_DIAG_ROW_NUMBER field anyway. An ODBC 3.x application working with an ODBC 2.x driver will be able to call SQLGetDiagField only with a DiagIdentifier argument of SQL_DIAG_MESSAGE_TEXT, SQL_DIAG_NATIVE, SQL_DIAG_RETURNCODE, or SQL_DIAG_SQLSTATE. The ODBC 3.x Driver Manager maintains the diagnostic data structure when working with an ODBC 2.x driver, but the ODBC 2.x driver returns only these four fields.

When an ODBC 2.x application is working with an ODBC 2.x driver, if an operation can cause multiple errors to be returned by the Driver Manager, different errors may be returned by the ODBC 3.x Driver Manager than by the ODBC 2.x Driver Manager.

The ODBC 3.x Driver Manager performs the following mappings when an ODBC 3.x application working with an ODBC 2.x driver performs bookmark operations.

SQLBindCol

When an ODBC 3.x application working with an ODBC 2.x driver calls SQLBindCol to bind to column 0 with fCType equal to SQL_C_VARBOOKMARK, the ODBC 3.x Driver Manager checks to see whether the BufferLength argument is less than 4 or greater than 4, and if so, returns SQLSTATE HY090 (Invalid string or buffer length). If the BufferLength argument is equal to 4, the Driver Manager calls SQLBindCol in the driver, after replacing fCType with SQL_C_BOOKMARK.

SQLColAttribute

When an ODBC 3.x application working with an ODBC 2.x driver calls SQLColAttribute with the ColumnNumber argument set to 0, the Driver Manager returns the FieldIdentifier values listed in the following table.

FieldIdentifier

Value

SQL_DESC_AUTO_UNIQUE_VALUE

SQL_FALSE

SQL_DESC_CASE_SENSITIVE

SQL_FALSE

SQL_DESC_CATALOG_NAME

"" (empty string)

SQL_DESC_CONCISE_TYPE

SQL_BINARY

SQL_DESC_COUNT

The same value returned by SQLNumResultCols

SQL_DESC_DATETIME_INTERVAL_CODE

0

SQL_DESC_DISPLAY_SIZE

8

SQL_DESC_FIXED_PREC_SCALE

SQL_FALSE

SQL_DESC_LABEL

"" (empty string)

SQL_DESC_LENGTH

0

SQL_DESC_LITERAL_PREFIX

"" (empty string)

SQL_DESC_LITERAL_SUFFIX

"" (empty string)

SQL_DESC_LOCAL_TYPE_NAME

"" (empty string)

SQL_DESC_NAME

"" (empty string)

SQL_DESC_NULLABLE

SQL_NO_NULLS

SQL_DESC_OCTET_LENGTH

4

SQL_DESC_PRECISION

4

SQL_DESC_SCALE

0

SQL_DESC_SCHEMA_NAME

"" (empty string)

SQL_DESC_SEARCHABLE

SQL_PRED_NONE

SQL_DESC_TABLE_NAME

"" (empty string)

SQL_DESC_TYPE

SQL_BINARY

SQL_DESC_TYPE_NAME

"" (empty string)

SQL_DESC_UNNAMED

SQL_UNNAMED

SQL_DESC_UNSIGNED

SQL_FALSE

SQL_DESC_UPDATEABLE

SQL_ATTR_READ_ONLY

SQLDescribeCol

When an ODBC 3.x application working with an ODBC 2.x driver calls SQLDescribeCol with the ColumnNumber argument set to 0, the Driver Manager returns the values listed in the following table.

Buffer

Value

ColumnName

"" (empty string)

*NameLengthPtr

0

*DataTypePtr

SQL_BINARY

*ColumnSizePtr

4

*DecimalDigitsPtr

0

*NullablePtr

SQL_NO_NULLS

SQLGetData

When an ODBC 3.x application working with an ODBC 2.x driver makes the following call to SQLGetData to retrieve a bookmark:

SQLGetData(StatementHandle, 0, SQL_C_VARBOOKMARK, TargetValuePtr, BufferLength, StrLen_or_IndPtr)

the call is mapped to SQLGetStmtOption with an fOption of SQL_GET_BOOKMARK, as follows:

SQLGetStmtOption(hstmt, SQL_GET_BOOKMARK, TargetValuePtr)

where hstmt and pvParam are set to the values in StatementHandle and TargetValuePtr, respectively. The bookmark is returned in the buffer pointed to by the pvParam (TargetValuePtr) argument. The value in the buffer pointed to by the StrLen_or_IndPtr argument in the call to SQLGetData is set to 4.

This mapping is necessary to account for the case in which SQLFetch was called prior to the call to SQLGetData and the ODBC 2.x driver did not support SQLExtendedFetch. In this case, SQLFetch would be passed through to the ODBC 2.x driver, in which case bookmark retrieval is not supported.

SQLGetData cannot be called multiple times in an ODBC 2.x driver to retrieve a bookmark in parts, so calling SQLGetData with the BufferLength argument set to a value less than 4 and the ColumnNumber argument set to 0 will return SQLSTATE HY090 (Invalid string or buffer length). SQLGetData can, however, be called multiple times to retrieve the same bookmark.

SQLSetStmtAttr

When an ODBC 3.x application working with an ODBC 2.x driver calls SQLSetStmtAttr to set the SQL_ATTR_USE_BOOKMARKS attribute to SQL_UB_VARIABLE, the Driver Manager sets the attribute to SQL_UB_ON in the underlying ODBC 2.x driver.

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