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SQLExtendedFetch Function

Conformance

Version Introduced: ODBC 1.0 Standards Compliance: Deprecated

Summary

SQLExtendedFetch fetches the specified rowset of data from the result set and returns data for all bound columns. Rowsets can be specified at an absolute or relative position or by bookmark.

Note Note

In ODBC 3.x, SQLExtendedFetch has been replaced by SQLFetchScroll. ODBC 3.x applications should not call SQLExtendedFetch; instead they should call SQLFetchScroll. The Driver Manager maps SQLFetchScroll to SQLExtendedFetch when working with an ODBC 2.x driver. ODBC 3.x drivers should support SQLExtendedFetch if they want to work with ODBC 2.x applications that call it. For more information, see "Comments" and Block Cursors, Scrollable Cursors, and Backward Compatibility in Appendix G: Driver Guidelines for Backward Compatibility.


SQLRETURN SQLExtendedFetch(
      SQLHSTMT         StatementHandle,
      SQLUSMALLINT     FetchOrientation,
      SQLLEN           FetchOffset,
      SQLULEN *        RowCountPtr,
      SQLUSMALLINT *   RowStatusArray);

StatementHandle

[Input] Statement handle.

FetchOrientation

[Input] Type of fetch. This is the same as FetchOrientation in SQLFetchScroll.

FetchOffset

[Input] Number of the row to fetch. This is the same as FetchOffset in SQLFetchScroll, with one exception. When FetchOrientation is SQL_FETCH_BOOKMARK, FetchOffset is a fixed-length bookmark, not an offset from a bookmark. In other words, SQLExtendedFetch retrieves the bookmark from this argument, not the SQL_ATTR_FETCH_BOOKMARK_PTR statement attribute. It does not support variable-length bookmarks and does not support fetching a rowset at an offset (other than 0) from a bookmark.

RowCountPtr

[Output] Pointer to a buffer in which to return the number of rows actually fetched. This buffer is used in the same manner as the buffer specified by the SQL_ATTR_ROWS_FETCHED_PTR statement attribute. This buffer is used only by SQLExtendedFetch. It is not used by SQLFetch or SQLFetchScroll.

RowStatusArray

[Output] Pointer to an array in which to return the status of each row. This array is used in the same manner as the array specified by the SQL_ATTR_ROW_STATUS_PTR statement attribute.

However, the address of this array is not stored in the SQL_DESC_STATUS_ARRAY_PTR field in the IRD. Furthermore, this array is used only by SQLExtendedFetch and by SQLBulkOperations with an Operation of SQL_ADD or SQLSetPos when it is called after SQLExtendedFetch. It is not used by SQLFetch or SQLFetchScroll, and it is not used by SQLBulkOperations or SQLSetPos when they are called after SQLFetch or SQLFetchScroll. It is also not used when SQLBulkOperations with an Operation of SQL_ADD is called before any fetch function is called. In other words, it is used only in statement state S7. It is not used in statement states S5 or S6. For more information, see Statement Transitions in Appendix B: ODBC State Transition Tables.

Applications should provide a valid pointer in the RowStatusArray argument; if not, the behavior of SQLExtendedFetch and the behavior of calls to SQLBulkOperations or SQLSetPos after a cursor has been positioned by SQLExtendedFetch are undefined.

SQL_SUCCESS, SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO, SQL_NO_DATA, SQL_STILL_EXECUTING, SQL_ERROR, or SQL_INVALID_HANDLE.

When SQLExtendedFetch returns either SQL_ERROR or SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO, an associated SQLSTATE value can be obtained by calling SQLError. The following table lists the SQLSTATE values commonly returned by SQLExtendedFetch and explains each one in the context of this function; the notation "(DM)" precedes the descriptions of SQLSTATEs returned by the Driver Manager. The return code associated with each SQLSTATE value is SQL_ERROR, unless noted otherwise. If an error occurs on a single column, SQLGetDiagField can be called with a DiagIdentifier of SQL_DIAG_COLUMN_NUMBER to determine the column the error occurred on; and SQLGetDiagField can be called with a DiagIdentifier of SQL_DIAG_ROW_NUMBER to determine the row containing that column.

SQLSTATE

Error

Description

01000

General warning

Driver-specific informational message. (Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

01004

String data, right truncated

String or binary data returned for a column resulted in the truncation of nonblank character or non-NULL binary data. If it was a string value, it was right-truncated. If it was a numeric value, the fractional part of the number was truncated. (Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

01S01

Error in row

An error occurred while fetching one or more rows. (Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

01S06

Attempt to fetch before the result set returned the first rowset

The requested rowset overlapped the start of the result set when the current position was beyond the first row, and either FetchOrientation was SQL_PRIOR or FetchOrientation was SQL_RELATIVE with a negative FetchOffset whose absolute value was less than or equal to the current SQL_ROWSET_SIZE. (Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

01S07

Fractional truncation

The data returned for a column was truncated. For numeric data types, the fractional part of the number was truncated. For time, timestamp, and interval data types containing a time component, the fractional portion of the time was truncated.

(Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

07006

Restricted data type attribute violation

A data value could not be converted to the C data type specified by TargetType in SQLBindCol.

07009

Invalid descriptor index

Column 0 was bound with SQLBindCol, and the SQL_ATTR_USE_BOOKMARKS statement attribute was set to SQL_UB_OFF.

08S01

Communication link failure

The communication link between the driver and the data source to which the driver was connected failed before the function completed processing.

22002

Indicator variable required but not supplied

NULL data was fetched into a column whose StrLen_or_IndPtr set by SQLBindCol was a null pointer.

(Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

22003

Numeric value out of range

Returning the numeric value (as numeric or string) for one or more columns would have caused the whole (as opposed to fractional) part of the number to be truncated.

(Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

For more information, see Guidelines for Interval and Numeric Data Types in Appendix D: Data Types.

22007

Invalid datetime format

A character column in the result set was bound to a date, time, or timestamp C structure, and a value in the column was, respectively, an invalid date, time, or timestamp.

(Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

22012

Division by zero

A value from an arithmetic expression was returned, which resulted in division by zero.

(Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

22015

Interval field overflow

Assigning from an exact numeric or interval SQL type to an interval C type caused a loss of significant digits in the leading field.

When fetching data to an interval C type, there was no representation of the value of the SQL type in the interval C type.

(Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

22018

Invalid character value for cast specification

The C type was an exact or approximate numeric, a datetime, or an interval data type; the SQL type of the column was a character data type; and the value in the column was not a valid literal of the bound C type.

(Function returns SQL_SUCCESS_WITH_INFO.)

24000

Invalid cursor state

The StatementHandle was in an executed state, but no result set was associated with the StatementHandle.

HY000

General error

An error occurred for which there was no specific SQLSTATE and for which no implementation-specific SQLSTATE was defined. The error message returned by SQLError in the *MessageText buffer describes the error and its cause.

HY001

Memory allocation error

The driver was unable to allocate memory required to support execution or completion of the function.

HY008

Operation canceled

Asynchronous processing was enabled for the StatementHandle. The function was called, and before it completed execution, SQLCancel or SQLCancelHandle was called on the StatementHandle, and then the function was called again on the StatementHandle.

The function was called, and before it completed execution, SQLCancel or SQLCancelHandle was called on the StatementHandle from a different thread in a multithread application.

HY010

Function sequence error

(DM) An asynchronously executing function was called for the connection handle that is associated with the StatementHandle. This asynchronous function was still executing when the SQLExtendedFetch function was called.

(DM) SQLExecute, SQLExecDirect, or SQLMoreResults was called for the StatementHandle and returned SQL_PARAM_DATA_AVAILABLE. This function was called before data was retrieved for all streamed parameters.

(DM) The specified StatementHandle was not in an executed state. The function was called without first calling SQLExecDirect, SQLExecute, or a catalog function.

(DM) An asynchronously executing function (not this one) was called for the StatementHandle and was still executing when this function was called.

(DM) SQLExecute, SQLExecDirect, SQLBulkOperations, or SQLSetPos was called for the StatementHandle and returned SQL_NEED_DATA. This function was called before data was sent for all data-at-execution parameters or columns.

(DM) SQLExtendedFetch was called for the StatementHandle after SQLFetch or SQLFetchScroll was called and before SQLFreeStmt was called with the SQL_CLOSE option.

(DM) SQLBulkOperations was called for a statement before SQLFetch, SQLFetchScroll, or SQLExtendedFetch was called, and then SQLExtendedFetch was called before SQLFreeStmt was called with the SQL_CLOSE option.

HY013

Memory management error

The function call could not be processed because the underlying memory objects could not be accessed, possibly because of low memory conditions.

HY106

Fetch type out of range

(DM) The value specified for the argument FetchOrientation was invalid. (See "Comments.")

The argument FetchOrientation was SQL_FETCH_BOOKMARK, and the SQL_ATTR_USE_BOOKMARKS statement attribute was set to SQL_UB_OFF.

The value of the SQL_CURSOR_TYPE statement option was SQL_CURSOR_FORWARD_ONLY, and the value of argument FetchOrientation was not SQL_FETCH_NEXT.

The argument FetchOrientation was SQL_FETCH_RESUME.

HY107

Row value out of range

The value specified with the SQL_CURSOR_TYPE statement option was SQL_CURSOR_KEYSET_DRIVEN, but the value specified with the SQL_KEYSET_SIZE statement attribute was greater than 0 and less than the value specified with the SQL_ROWSET_SIZE statement attribute.

HY111

Invalid bookmark value

The argument FetchOrientation was SQL_FETCH_BOOKMARK, and the bookmark specified in the FetchOffset argument was not valid.

HY117

Connection is suspended due to unknown transaction state. Only disconnect and read-only functions are allowed.

(DM) For more information about suspended state, see SQLEndTran Function.

HYC00

Optional feature not implemented

Driver or data source does not support the specified fetch type.

The driver or data source does not support the conversion specified by the combination of the TargetType in SQLBindCol and the SQL data type of the corresponding column. This error applies only when the SQL data type of the column was mapped to a driver-specific SQL data type.

HYT00

Timeout expired

The query timeout period expired before the data source returned the result set. The timeout period is set through SQLSetStmtOption, SQL_QUERY_TIMEOUT.

HYT01

Connection timeout expired

The connection timeout period expired before the data source responded to the request. The connection timeout period is set through SQLSetConnectAttr, SQL_ATTR_CONNECTION_TIMEOUT.

IM001

Driver does not support this function

(DM) The driver associated with the StatementHandle does not support the function.

The behavior of SQLExtendedFetch is identical to that of SQLFetchScroll, with the following exceptions:

  • SQLExtendedFetch and SQLFetchScroll use different methods to return the number of rows fetched. SQLExtendedFetch returns the number of rows fetched in *RowCountPtr; SQLFetchScroll returns the number of rows fetched directly to the buffer pointed to by SQL_ATTR_ROWS_FETCHED_PTR. For more information, see the RowCountPtr argument.

  • SQLExtendedFetch and SQLFetchScroll return the status of each row in different arrays. For more information, see the RowStatusArray argument.

  • SQLExtendedFetch and SQLFetchScroll use different methods to retrieve the bookmark when FetchOrientation is SQL_FETCH_BOOKMARK. SQLExtendedFetch does not support variable-length bookmarks or fetching rowsets at an offset other than 0 from a bookmark. For more information, see the FetchOffset argument.

  • SQLExtendedFetch and SQLFetchScroll use different rowset sizes. SQLExtendedFetch uses the value of the SQL_ROWSET_SIZE statement attribute, and SQLFetchScroll uses the value of the SQL_ATTR_ROW_ARRAY_SIZE statement attribute.

  • SQLExtendedFetch has slightly different error handling semantics than SQLFetchScroll. For more information, see "Error Handling" in the "Comments" section of SQLFetchScroll.

  • SQLExtendedFetch does not support binding offsets (the SQL_ATTR_ROW_BIND_OFFSET_PTR statement attribute).

  • Calls to SQLExtendedFetch cannot be mixed with calls to SQLFetch or SQLFetchScroll, and if SQLBulkOperations is called before any fetch function is called, SQLExtendedFetch cannot be called until the cursor is closed and reopened. That is, SQLExtendedFetch can be called only in statement state S7. For more information, see Statement Transitions in Appendix B: ODBC State Transition Tables.

When an application calls SQLFetchScroll while using an ODBC 2.x driver, the Driver Manager maps this call to SQLExtendedFetch. For more information, see "SQLFetchScroll and ODBC 2.x Drivers" in SQLFetchScroll.

In ODBC 2.x, SQLExtendedFetch was called to fetch multiple rows and SQLFetch was called to fetch a single row. In ODBC 3.x, on the other hand, SQLFetch can be called to fetch multiple rows.

For information about

See

Binding a buffer to a column in a result set

SQLBindCol Function

Performing bulk insert, update, or delete operations

SQLBulkOperations Function

Canceling statement processing

SQLCancel Function

Returning information about a column in a result set

SQLDescribeCol Function

Executing an SQL statement

SQLExecDirect Function

Executing a prepared SQL statement

SQLExecute Function

Returning the number of result set columns

SQLNumResultCols Function

Positioning the cursor, refreshing data in the rowset, or updating or deleting data in the result set

SQLSetPos Function

Setting a statement attribute

SQLSetStmtAttr Function

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