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SQLCreateDataSource Function

Conformance

Version Introduced: ODBC 2.0

Summary

SQLCreateDataSource displays a dialog box with which the user can add a data source.


BOOL SQLCreateDataSource(
     HWND    hwnd,
     LPSTR   lpszDS);

hwnd

[Input] Parent window handle.

lpszDS

[Input] Data source name. lpszDS can be a null pointer or an empty string.

SQLCreateDataSource returns TRUE if the data source is created. Otherwise, it returns FALSE.

When SQLCreateDataSource returns FALSE, an associated *pfErrorCode value can be obtained by calling SQLInstallerError. The following table lists the *pfErrorCode values that can be returned by SQLInstallerError and explains each one in the context of this function.

*pfErrorCode

Error

Description

ODBC_ERROR_GENERAL_ERR

General installer error

An error occurred for which there was no specific installer error.

ODBC_ERROR_INVALID_HWND

Invalid window handle

The hwnd argument was invalid or NULL.

ODBC_ERROR_INVALID_DSN

Invalid DSN

The lpszDS argument contained a string that was invalid for a DSN.

ODBC_ERROR_REQUEST_FAILED

Request failed

The call to ConfigDSN with the ODBC_ADD_DSN option failed.

ODBC_ERROR_LOAD_LIBRARY_FAILED

Could not load the driver or translator setup library

The driver setup library could not be loaded.

ODBC_ERROR_USER_CANCELED

User canceled operation

User canceled creation of a new data source.

ODBC_ERROR_CREATE_DSN_FAILED

Could not create the requested DSN

Could not connect to the database; the call to SQLDriverConnect for a File DSN did not return a successful connection.

Could not write to the file.

ODBC_ERROR_OUT_OF_MEM

Out of memory

The installer could not perform the function because of a lack of memory.

If hwnd is null, SQLCreateDataSource returns FALSE. Otherwise, it displays the Create New Data Source dialog box with a wizard page for choosing the type of data source to be set up, as shown in the following illustration.

Create New Data Source dialog box: select type

The default option is File Data Source. When a data source has been chosen and Next clicked, the following wizard page that contains a list of installed drivers is displayed.

Create New Data Source dialog box: select driver

If Cancel is clicked, the dialog box disappears and SQLCreateDataSource returns FALSE with the error code of ODBC_ERROR_USER_CANCELED. If either the User Data Source or System Data Source option was selected, the Advanced button is unavailable.

When the Next button is clicked, one of the following will occur, depending on which type of data source was selected:

  • If File Data Source was selected, a wizard page is displayed for the user to enter a file name.

  • If either User Data Source or System Data Source was selected, a wizard page displaying the type of data source and driver is displayed for review, and when Finish is clicked, the data source is set up.

If Advanced is clicked from the Create New Data Source wizard page, a wizard page is displayed for the user to enter driver-specific information. In the text box of this dialog box, type the driver and keywords separated by returns, as shown in the following illustration.

Advance File DSN Creation Settings dialog box

Additional driver-specific keywords can be found under the description of SQLDriverConnect. All except DSN are allowed.

The default for the Verify This Connection option is TRUE. This default applies whether or not this wizard page is activated. If OK is clicked, the string specified in the text box and the Verify This Connection option value are cached. (If the Close button or Cancel is clicked, any newly entered driver-specific information is lost because the string specified in the text box and the Verify This Connection option value are not cached.)

If File Data Source was selected in the first wizard page, then after a driver has been selected and the keyword values have been entered in the Advanced wizard page, the user is prompted to enter a file name. Click Browse to search for a file name, in which case the default directory in the Browse box is specified by a combination of the path specified by CommonFileDir in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion and "ODBC\DataSources". (If CommonFileDir was "C:\Program Files\Common Files", the default directory would be "C:\Program Files\Common Files\ODBC\Data Sources".)

When a file name has been entered and Next is clicked, the file name entered is checked for validity against the standard file-naming rules of the operating system. If the file name is invalid, an error message box notifies the user that an invalid file name was entered. After the user acknowledges the message box, the focus is returned to the wizard page in which the file name is entered. If the file name is valid, a wizard page that shows the selected keyword-value pairs is displayed for review, as shown in the following illustration.

Create New Data Source dialog box: review

If Finish is clicked and File Data Source was selected as the data source type, and if the Verify this connection option is TRUE, SQLDriverConnect is called with the SAVEFILE and DRIVER keywords. The DriverCompletion argument is set to SQL_DRIVER_COMPLETE. The file name for the SAVEFILE keyword is the name that was entered or chosen, and the driver name for the DRIVER keyword is the name that was chosen. If a driver-specific connection string was specified in the Advanced wizard page, that string is appended after the DRIVER keyword.

If SQLDriverConnect returns SQL_SUCCESS, the Driver Manager has created the File DSN. SQLCreateDataSource returns TRUE. If SQLDriverConnect does not return SQL_SUCCESS, a warning message box indicates that a connection could not be made to the data source. A DSN with minimal connection information can still be created. This message box lets the user either cancel or continue with the File DSN creation.

If the user chooses to continue creating the DSN, this process continues as if the Verify this connection option were set to FALSE. If the user chooses to cancel, FALSE is returned for SQLCreateDataSource with an error code of ODBC_ERROR_CREATE_DSN_FAILED.

If File Data Source was selected as the data source type and the Verify this connection option is FALSE, a File DSN is created with the DRIVER keyword and user-specified connect string (if any) from the Advanced wizard page. If the file creation was successful, TRUE is returned for SQLCreateDataSource. If the file creation was not successful, an error message box notifies the user with whatever error was returned from the operating system. FALSE is returned for SQLCreateDataSource with an error code of ODBC_ERROR_CREATE_DSN_FAILED. For more information about file data sources, see Connecting Using File Data Sources, or see SQLDriverConnect.

If User or System Data Source was selected as the data source type, ConfigDSN in the driver setup library is called with the ODBC_ADD_DSN fRequest. For more information, see ConfigDSN.

For information about

See

Managing data sources

SQLManageDataSources

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