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C/C++ Code Example: Reading Messages By Lookup Identifier

The following example provides a private function that locates and reads a specific message based on the lookup identifier provided by the caller.

For more information about lookup identifiers, see Navigating with Lookup Identifiers.

To navigate a queue using lookup identifiers

  1. Define the maximum number of queue properties to be specified and the queue property counter.

  2. Define an MQMSGPROPS structure.

  3. Specify the message properties to retrieve. This example retrieves PROPID_M_LABEL and PROPID_M_LABEL_LEN. The maximum label length, including the string-terminating character, is MQ_MAX_MSG_LABEL_LEN (250 Unicode characters).

  4. Initialize the MQMSGPROPS structure.

  5. Call MQOpenQueue to open the queue with receive access. Receive access allows the application to peek at or remove the messages in the queue.

  6. Call MQReceiveMessageByLookupId using the lookup identifier provided by the caller.

  7. Call MQCloseQueue to free the resources.

Code Example

The following code example requires MSMQ 3.0.

HRESULT ReadByLookupId(
                       LPCWSTR wszQueueFormatName,
                       ULONGLONG ullLookupId

  // Validate the input string.
  if (prc == wszQueueFormatName)

  // Define maximum property number and property count.
  const int NUMBEROFPROPERTIES = 2;                   // Number of properties
  DWORD cPropId = 0;                                  // Properties counter
  HRESULT hr = MQ_OK;                                 // Return code
  HANDLE hQueue = NULL;                               // Queue handle

  // Define an MQMSGPROPS structure.
  MQMSGPROPS msgProps;

  // Specify the message properties to retrieve.
  aMsgPropId[cPropId] = PROPID_M_LABEL_LEN;           // Property ID
  aMsgPropVar[cPropId].vt = VT_UI4;                   // Type indicator
  aMsgPropVar[cPropId].ulVal = MQ_MAX_MSG_LABEL_LEN;  // Label buffer size
  aMsgPropId[cPropId] = PROPID_M_LABEL;               // Property ID
  aMsgPropVar[cPropId].vt = VT_LPWSTR;                // Type indicator
  aMsgPropVar[cPropId].pwszVal = wszLabelBuffer;      // Label buffer

  // Initialize the MQMSGPROPS structure.
  msgProps.cProp = cPropId;                           // Number of message properties
  msgProps.aPropID = aMsgPropId;                      // IDs of the message properties
  msgProps.aPropVar = aMsgPropVar;                    // Values of the message properties
  msgProps.aStatus = aMsgStatus;                      // Error reports

  // Open the queue to read message.
  hr = MQOpenQueue(
                   wszQueueFormatName,                // Format name of the queue
                   MQ_RECEIVE_ACCESS,                 // Access mode
                   MQ_DENY_RECEIVE_SHARE,             // Share mode
                   &hQueue                            // OUT: Handle of queue
  if (FAILED(hr))
    return hr;
  // Peek at message with the given lookup identifier.
  hr = MQReceiveMessageByLookupId(
                                  hQueue,                // Handle of queue
                                  ullLookupId,           // Lookup identifier
                                  MQ_LOOKUP_PEEK_CURRENT // Access mode
                                  &msgProps,             // Message property structure
                                  NULL,                  // No OVERLAPPED structure
                                  NULL,                  // No callback function
                                  MQ_NO_TRANSACTION      // Not in a transaction
  if (FAILED(hr))
    return hr;
  // Print the label of the message.
  wprintf(L"%s\n", msgProps.aPropVar[1].pwszVal); 
  // Close the queue.
  hr = MQCloseQueue(hQueue);
  return hr;
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