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IHttpContext::MapPath Method

IIS 7.0

Returns the physical path of a relative URL.

virtual HRESULT MapPath(
   PCWSTR pszUrl,
   __out_bcount(* pcbPhysicalPath) PWSTR pszPhysicalPath,
   DWORD* pcbPhysicalPath
) = 0;
pszUrl

[IN] A pointer to a string that contains the relative URL to map.

pszPhysicalPath

[OUT] A pointer to a string that receives the mapped path.

pcbPhysicalPath

[IN] A pointer to a DWORD that contains the size of the buffer pointed to by pszPhysicalPath.

An HRESULT. Possible values include, but are not limited to, those in the following table.

Value

Description

S_OK

Indicates that the operation was successful.

ERROR_INSUFFICIENT_BUFFER

Indicates that the buffer pointed to by pszPhysicalPath is not large enough to perform the operation.

ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY

Indicates that there is insufficient memory to perform the operation.

The MapPath method returns the physical location of the relative URL that is contained in the pszUrl parameter.

NoteNote:

If the buffer pointed to by the pszPhysicalPath parameter is not large enough to perform the operation, the pcbPhysicalPath DWORD parameter will contain the required buffer size for the operation.

The following code example demonstrates how to use the MapPath method to create an HTTP module that returns the physical path of the root folder for the Web site that uses this module.

#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <windows.h>
#include <sal.h>
#include <httpserv.h>

// Create the module class.
class MyHttpModule : public CHttpModule
{
public:
    REQUEST_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
    OnBeginRequest(
        IN IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        IN IHttpEventProvider * pProvider
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pProvider );

        // Retrieve a pointer to the request.
        IHttpRequest * pHttpRequest = pHttpContext->GetRequest();

        // Test for an error.
        if (pHttpRequest != NULL)
        {
            // Length of the returned path.
            DWORD cbPhysicalPath = 0;

            // Get the length of the mapped path.
            pHttpContext->MapPath(L"/",NULL,&cbPhysicalPath);

            // Allocate space to store the path.
            PWSTR pwszPhysicalPath =
                (PWSTR) pHttpContext->AllocateRequestMemory(cbPhysicalPath+1);
            PSTR pszPhysicalPath  =
                (PSTR) pHttpContext->AllocateRequestMemory(cbPhysicalPath+1);

            // Test for an error.
            if ((pwszPhysicalPath==NULL) || (pszPhysicalPath==NULL))
            {
                // Set the error status.
                pHttpContext->GetResponse()->SetStatus(500,"Server Error",0,
                    HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY));
                // End additional processing.
                return RQ_NOTIFICATION_FINISH_REQUEST;
            }

            // Retrieve the mapped path.
            pHttpContext->MapPath(L"/",pwszPhysicalPath,&cbPhysicalPath);

            // Convert the WCHAR string to a CHAR string.
            wcstombs_s((size_t*)&cbPhysicalPath,pszPhysicalPath,
                cbPhysicalPath,pwszPhysicalPath,cbPhysicalPath);

            // Clear the existing response.
            pHttpContext->GetResponse()->Clear();
            // Set the MIME type to plain text.
            pHttpContext->GetResponse()->SetHeader(
                HttpHeaderContentType,"text/plain",
                (USHORT)strlen("text/plain"),TRUE);

                // Return the path information.
            WriteResponseMessage(pHttpContext,
                "Path: ",pszPhysicalPath);

            // End additional processing.
            return RQ_NOTIFICATION_FINISH_REQUEST;
        }

        // Return processing to the pipeline.
        return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
    }

private:

    // Create a utility method that inserts a name/value pair into the response.
    HRESULT WriteResponseMessage(
        IHttpContext * pHttpContext,
        PCSTR pszName,
        PCSTR pszValue
    )
    {
        // Create an HRESULT to receive return values from methods.
        HRESULT hr;

        // Create a data chunk.
        HTTP_DATA_CHUNK dataChunk;
        // Set the chunk to a chunk in memory.
        dataChunk.DataChunkType = HttpDataChunkFromMemory;
        // Buffer for bytes written of data chunk.
        DWORD cbSent;

        // Set the chunk to the first buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszName;
        // Set the chunk size to the first buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszName);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Set the chunk to the second buffer.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer =
            (PVOID) pszValue;
        // Set the chunk size to the second buffer size.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength =
            (USHORT) strlen(pszValue);
        // Insert the data chunk into the response.
        hr = pHttpContext->GetResponse()->WriteEntityChunks(
            &dataChunk,1,FALSE,TRUE,&cbSent);
        // Test for an error.
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            // Return the error status.
            return hr;
        }

        // Return a success status.
        return S_OK;
    }
};

// Create the module's class factory.
class MyHttpModuleFactory : public IHttpModuleFactory
{
public:
    HRESULT
    GetHttpModule(
        OUT CHttpModule ** ppModule, 
        IN IModuleAllocator * pAllocator
    )
    {
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pAllocator );

        // Create a new instance.
        MyHttpModule * pModule = new MyHttpModule;

        // Test for an error.
        if (!pModule)
        {
            // Return an error if the factory cannot create the instance.
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32( ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY );
        }
        else
        {
            // Return a pointer to the module.
            *ppModule = pModule;
            pModule = NULL;
            // Return a success status.
            return S_OK;
        }            
    }

    void Terminate()
    {
        // Remove the class from memory.
        delete this;
    }
};

// Create the module's exported registration function.
HRESULT
__stdcall
RegisterModule(
    DWORD dwServerVersion,
    IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo * pModuleInfo,
    IHttpServer * pGlobalInfo
)
{
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( dwServerVersion );
    UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER( pGlobalInfo );

    // Set the request notifications and exit.
    return pModuleInfo->SetRequestNotifications(
        new MyHttpModuleFactory,
        RQ_BEGIN_REQUEST,
        0
    );
}


Your module must export the RegisterModule function. You can export this function by creating a module definition (.def) file for your project, or you can compile the module by using the /EXPORT:RegisterModule switch. For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

You can compile the code by using the __stdcall (/Gz) calling convention instead of explicitly declaring the calling convention for each function.

Type

Description

Client

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows 7

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows 8 Client

Server

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Server 2008

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows Server 2012

Product

IIS 7.0, IIS 7.5, IIS Express 7.5, IIS 8.0

Header

Httpserv.h

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