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IHttpUser Interface

IIS 7.0

Provides request-specific information about a user. This information includes data such as credentials and role-based authorization.

class IHttpUser

The following table lists the methods exposed by the IHttpUser interface.

Topic

Description

DereferenceUser

Decrements the user internal reference count.

GetAuthenticationType

Returns the request authentication type.

GetImpersonationToken

Returns the user impersonation token.

GetPassword

Returns the user password.

GetPrimaryToken

Returns the primary user token.

GetRemoteUserName

Returns the remote user name.

GetUserName

Returns the user name.

GetUserVariable

Returns the custom user data by name.

IsInRole

Returns a value that indicates whether the user is authorized for a named role.

ReferenceUser

Increments the user internal reference count.

SupportsIsInRole

Returns a value that indicates whether role support is enabled for the user.

This interface contains no derived classes.

You can retrieve an IHttpUser pointer from an IHttpContext pointer by calling the IHttpContext::GetUser method. To gain access to these interfaces, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

The following code example demonstrates how to create an HTTP module that clears the response headers and body and then returns user information to the client as an XML document.

#pragma warning( disable : 4290 )
#pragma warning( disable : 4530 )

#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <windows.h>
#include <io.h>
#include <sal.h>
#include <httpserv.h>

#include <string>
using namespace std;

#import "msxml6.dll"
using namespace MSXML2;

// The CConvert class mirrors the Convert class that is 
// defined in the .NET Framework. It converts primitives 
// and other data types to wstring types.
class CConvert
{
public:
    // The ToString method converts a HANDLE to a wstring.
    // h: the HANDLE to convert to a wstring.
    // return: the HANDLE as a wstring.
    static wstring ToString(HANDLE h)
    {
        // If the HANDLE is NULL, return the "NULL" string.
        if (NULL == h)
        {
            return L"NULL";
        }

        // If the HANDLE is not valid, return 
        // the INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE as a string.
        if (INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE == h)
        {
            return L"INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE";
        }

        // The HANDLE is valid.
        return L"valid";
    }

    // The ToString method converts a FILETIME pointer to a wstring.
    // fileTime: the FILETIME pointer to convert to a wstring.
    // return: the FILETIME pointer as a wstring.
    static wstring ToString(FILETIME* fileTime)
    {
        // If fileTime is NULL, return the empty string.
        if (NULL == fileTime)
        {
            return L"NULL";
        }

        // Convert the FILETIME to a local time, and 
        // then convert that local time to a wstring.
        SYSTEMTIME stUTC;
        SYSTEMTIME stLocal;
        FileTimeToSystemTime(fileTime, &stUTC);
        SystemTimeToTzSpecificLocalTime(NULL, &stUTC, &stLocal);        

        // Create a wstring to return.  Note: wsprintf 
        // can be also used. However, it is more difficult 
        // to handle both UNICODE and non-UNICODE correctly.
        wstring timeString =
            ToString(stLocal.wMonth) +
            wstring(L"/")            +
            ToString(stLocal.wDay)   +
            wstring(L"/")            +
            ToString(stLocal.wYear)  +
            wstring(L"  ")           +
            ToString(stLocal.wHour)  +
            wstring(L":")            +
            ToString(stLocal.wMinute);

        // Return the FILETIME data as a wstring.
        return timeString;
    }

    // The ToString method converts a 
    // ULARGE_INTEGER pointer to a wstring.
    // ui: the ULARGE_INTEGER pointer to convert to a string.
    // return: the ULARGE_INTEGER pointer as a string.
    static wstring ToString(ULARGE_INTEGER* ui)
    {
        // Return the empty string if the 
        // ULARGE_INTEGER pointer is NULL.
        if (NULL == ui)
        {
            return L"NULL";
        }

        // Return the low-order part to a wstring.
        return (ToString(ui->LowPart));
    }

    // The ToString method converts a PCSTR to a wstring.
    // pcstr: the PCSTR to convert to a wstring.
    // return: the PCSTR as a wstring.
    static wstring ToString(PCSTR pcstr)
    {
        // Return the empty string 
        // if the PCSTR is NULL.
        if (NULL == pcstr)
        {
            return L"NULL";
        }

        // Get the length of the string to copy.
        size_t length = strlen(pcstr);
        // Create a new double-byte character 
        // array of length plus 1.
        wchar_t* newText = new wchar_t[length+1];

        // Copy the source into the sink string.
        for (size_t i = 0; i < length; ++i)
        {
            newText[i] = pcstr[i];
        }

        // Terminate the string with the NULL character.
        newText[length] = '\0';
        // Get a wstring from the new double-byte string.
        wstring wText = newText;
        // Call delete on the newText pointer 
        // and set this pointer to NULL.
        delete[] newText;
        newText = NULL;

        // Return the wstring copy.
        return wText;
    }

    // The ToString method converts a long to a wstring.
    // l: the long value to convert to a wstring.
    // return: the long as a wstring.
    static wstring ToString(long l)
    {
        WCHAR str[256];
        str[0] = '\0';        
        _ltow_s(l, str, 256, 10);
        return str;
    }

    // The ToString method converts a DWORD to a wstring.
    // d: the DWORD value to convert to a wstring.
    // return: the DWORD as a wstring.
    static wstring ToString(DWORD d)
    {
        return ToString((long)d);
    }

    // The ToString method converts an LPCGUID to a wstring.
    // guid: the LPCGUID value to convert to a wstring.
    // return: The LPCGUID as a wstring; otherwise, L"" if
    // guid is NULL.
    static wstring ToString(LPCGUID guid)
    {
        // If the GUID is NULL, return the empty string.
        if (NULL == guid)
        {
            return L"NULL";
        }

        // Create a WCHAR array to write the GUID to.
        WCHAR guidString[256];
        // Initialize the zero-based index of the 
        // guidString to the null-terminating character 
        // because the StringFromGUID2 may fail.
        guidString[0] = '\0';
        // Convert the GUID to a string of the form "{...}".
        int characters = StringFromGUID2(*guid, guidString, 256);
        // Return the guidString as a wstring.
        return guidString;
    }

    // The ToString method converts a BOOL to a wstring.
    // b: the BOOL value to convert to a wstring.
    // return: L"true" for true; otherwise, L"false" for false.
    static wstring ToString(BOOL b)
    {
        return (b) ? L"true" : L"false";
    }

    // The ToByteString converts a double-byte 
    // character string to a single-byte string.
    // str: the double-byte string to convert.
    // return: a single-byte string copied from str.
    static string ToByteString(const wstring& str)
    {
        // Get the length of the 
        // double-byte string.
        size_t length = str.length();

        // Create a temporary char pointer.
        char* byteChar = new char[length+1];
        byteChar[0] = '\0';
        // Copy the double-byte character string
        // into the single-byte string.        
        size_t charsReturned = 0;
        wcstombs_s(&charsReturned, byteChar, 
                   length+1, str.c_str(), length+1);
        // Create a string to return.
        string retString = byteChar;
        // Delete the temporary string and
        // set that string to NULL.
        delete[] byteChar;
        byteChar = NULL;

        // Return the single-byte string.
        return retString;
    }

    // The ToString method converts a USHORT to a wstring.
    // u: the USHORT value to convert to a wstring.
    // return: the value of u as a wstring.
    static wstring ToString(USHORT u)
    {
        return (ToString((long)u));
    }

    // The ToString method converts a 
    // const BYTE pointer to a wstring.
    // bytes: the BYTE pointer to convert.
    // return: the value of bytes as a wstring.
    static wstring ToString(const BYTE* bytes)
    {
        return (ToString((PCSTR)bytes));    
    }

    // The ToString method converts 
    // a PCWSTR to a wstring.
    // pcwstr: the PCWSTR to convert.
    // return: L"NULL" if the pcwstr
    // parameter is NULL; otherwise, 
    // pcwstr converted to a wstring.
    static wstring ToString(PCWSTR pcwstr)
    {
        // If the pcwstr parameter
        // is NULL, return L"NULL".
        if (NULL == pcwstr)
        {
            return L"NULL";
        }

        // Implicitly convert the 
        // PCWSTR to a wstring.
        return pcwstr;
    }
};

// The CResponseWriter class writes 
// text to the response stream.
class CResponseWriter
{
public:
    // Creates the CResponseWriter class.
    // response: the IHttpResponse 
    // pointer to write to.
    // throws: a _com_error exception if
    // the IHttpResponse pointer is NULL.
    CResponseWriter(IHttpResponse* response)
        throw (_com_error)
    {
        // If the response is NULL,
        // throw an exception.
        if (NULL == response)
        {
            ThrowOnFail(E_INVALIDARG);            
        }

        // Set the internal response.
        m_response = response;
    }

    // The destructor for the CResponseWriter
    // class. The CResponseWriter method 
    // sets the IHttpResponse pointer to NULL.
    virtual ~CResponseWriter()
    {
        m_response = NULL;
    }

    // The Write method writes the 
    // PCSTR to the response stream.
    // pszValue: the PCSTR to write.
    // throws: a _com_error if the 
    // Write method fails.
    void Write
    (
        PCSTR pszValue        
    ) throw (_com_error)
    {
        // The string must not be 
        // NULL, and its length must 
        // be greater than 0.
        if ((NULL == pszValue) || 
            (strlen(pszValue) < 1))            
        {
            // Throw an invalid argument
            // exception.
            ThrowOnFail(E_INVALIDARG);                        
        }        

        // Create a data chunk structure.
        HTTP_DATA_CHUNK dataChunk;
        // Set the chunk to a chunk in memory.
        dataChunk.DataChunkType = 
            HttpDataChunkFromMemory;

        // Set the chunk to 
        // the pszValue parameter.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.pBuffer = 
            (PVOID)pszValue;
        // Set the chunk size 
        // to the pszValue length.
        dataChunk.FromMemory.BufferLength = 
            (USHORT)strlen(pszValue);

        // Declare and initialize OUT 
        // parameters for the WriteEntityChunks 
        // method.
        DWORD pcbSent = 0;
        BOOL pfCompletionExpected = FALSE;

        // Write the entity chunks to
        // the response stream.
        HRESULT hr =
            m_response->WriteEntityChunks
                (&dataChunk,
                 1,
                 FALSE,
                 FALSE,
                 &pcbSent,
                 &pfCompletionExpected);

        // Throw an exception if the call
        // to WriteEntityChunks is not a 
        // success.
        ThrowOnFail(hr);        
    }

    // The WriteLine method writes a string
    // and newline characters to the response steam.
    // pszValue: the PCSTR string to write.
    // throws: a _com_error if the PCSTR 
    // or the newline characters are not 
    // written to the response stream.
    void WriteLine
    (
        PCSTR pszValue        
    ) throw (_com_error)
    {
        // Try to write the pszValue parameter.
        Write(pszValue);        

        // Try to write the newline characters.
        Write("\r\n");
    }

    // Convenience method that writes a name 
    // and value pair to the response stream.
    // name: the name of the parameter.
    // value: the value of the parameter.
    // throws: a _com_error exception if
    // the response stream is not written.
    void WriteLine
    (
        const wstring& name,
        const wstring& value
    ) throw (_com_error)
    {
        // Convert the UNICODE strings 
        // to mutlibyte strings.
        string nameMulti = 
            CConvert::ToByteString(name);
        string valueMulti = 
            CConvert::ToByteString(value);

        // Create the string to write.
        string writeString =
            nameMulti + 
            string(":  ") + 
            valueMulti;

        // Write the line to
        // the response stream.
        WriteLine(writeString.c_str());        
    }

    // Tests an HRESULT for success.
    // hr: the HRESULT value to inspect.
    // throws: a _com_error if the HRESULT
    // parameter is not S_OK.
    static void ThrowOnFail(HRESULT hr)
    {
        if (FAILED(hr))
        {
            _com_error ce(hr);
            throw ce;
        }
    }
private:
    // Specify the IHttpResponse
    // pointer to write to.
    IHttpResponse* m_response;
};

// The CUser class is the wrapper 
// class for an IHttpUser pointer.
class CUser
{
public:
    // Creates the CUser class.
    // user: the IHttpUser pointer to reference.
    // throws: a _com_error exception if 
    // the IHttpUser parameter is NULL.
    CUser(IHttpUser* user)
        throw (_com_error)
    {
        // Throw an exception if the 
        // IHttpUser parameter is NULL.
        if (NULL == user)
        {
            _com_error ce(E_INVALIDARG);
            throw ce;
        }

        // Call ReferenceUser, which increments
        // the reference count for the user.
        user->ReferenceUser();
        // Assign the user to m_user.
        m_user = user;
    }

    // The CUser method is the public 
    // destructor for the CUser class.
    // The destructor calls the DereferenceUser
    // method on the IHttpUser pointer, and
    // sets that pointer to NULL.
    virtual ~CUser()
    {
        // Call DereferenceUser on the m_user private 
        // data, which decrements the reference count
        // on m_user. An IHttpUser will be deleted when 
        // its reference count goes to 0.
        m_user->DereferenceUser();
        // Set the m_user data to NULL.
        m_user = NULL;
    }

    // The CreateElement method converts 
    // the internal IHttpUser pointer and 
    // descendant data into an XML element.
    // doc: the MSXML2::IXMLDOMDocument3Ptr to use 
    // for creating elements and attributes.
    // return: a new IXMLDOMElementPtr pointer.
    // throws: a _com_error exception.
    MSXML2::IXMLDOMElementPtr CreateElement
    (
        MSXML2::IXMLDOMDocument3Ptr doc
    ) const throw (_com_error)
    {
        // Create a new XML element to return.
        MSXML2::IXMLDOMElementPtr userElement = 
            doc->createElement(L"user");

        // Call the GetAuthenticationType 
        // method on the IHttpUser pointer.
        PCWSTR authTypePCWSTR = 
            m_user->GetAuthenticationType();

        // Convert the PCWSTR to a wstring.
        wstring authType = 
            CConvert::ToString(authTypePCWSTR);

        // Add an attribute to the
        // userElement element.
        AddAttribute(L"authType", authType, 
                     userElement, doc);

        // Call the GetImpersonationToken 
        // method on the IHttpUser pointer.
        HANDLE impersonationTokenHANDLE = 
            m_user->GetImpersonationToken();

        // Convert the HANDLE to a wstring.
        wstring impersonationToken =
            CConvert::ToString(impersonationTokenHANDLE);

        // Write an attribute to the 
        // userElement element.
        AddAttribute(L"impersonationToken", 
                     impersonationToken, 
                     userElement, 
                     doc);

        // Call the GetPassword method 
        // on the IHttpUser pointer.
        PCWSTR passWordPCWSTR = 
            m_user->GetPassword();

        // Convert the PCWSTR to a wstring.
        wstring passWord =
            CConvert::ToString(passWordPCWSTR);

        // Add an attribute to the
        // userElement element.
        AddAttribute(L"passWord", L"[hidden]", 
                     userElement, doc);

        // Call the GetPrimaryToken method
        // on the IHttpUser pointer.
        HANDLE primaryTokenHANDLE = 
            m_user->GetPrimaryToken();

        // Convert the HANDLE to a wstring.
        wstring primaryToken =
            CConvert::ToString(primaryTokenHANDLE);

        // Add an attribute to the
        // userElement element.
        AddAttribute(L"primaryToken", 
                     primaryToken, 
                     userElement, 
                     doc);            

        // Call the GetRemoteUserName method
        // on the IHttpUser pointer.
        PCWSTR remoteNamePCWSTR = 
            m_user->GetRemoteUserName();

        // Convert the PCWSTR to a wstring.
        wstring remoteName =
            CConvert::ToString(remoteNamePCWSTR);

        // Add an attribute to
        // the userElement element.
        AddAttribute(L"remoteName", remoteName, 
                     userElement, doc);

        // Call the GetUserName method
        // on the IHttpUser pointer.
        PCWSTR userNamePCWSTR = 
            m_user->GetUserName();

        // Convert the PCWSTR to a wstring.
        wstring userName =
            CConvert::ToString(userNamePCWSTR);

        // Add an attribute to
        // the userElement attribute.
        AddAttribute(L"userName", userName, 
                     userElement, doc);

        // Call the GetUserVariable method 
        // on the IHttpUser pointer.
        PVOID userVariablePVOID = 
            m_user->GetUserVariable(HTTP_USER_VARIABLE_SID);

        // Convert the PVOID to a wstring.
        wstring userVariable =
            CConvert::ToString(userVariablePVOID);

        // Add an attribute to the
        // userElement element.
        AddAttribute(L"userVariable", 
                     userVariable, 
                     userElement, 
                     doc);

        // Call the SupportsIsInRole method
        // on the IHttpUser pointer.
        BOOL supportsRolesBOOL = 
            m_user->SupportsIsInRole();

        // Convert the BOOL to a wstring.
        wstring supportsRoles =
            CConvert::ToString(supportsRolesBOOL);

        // Add an attribute to the
        // userElement element.
        AddAttribute(L"supportsRoles", 
                     supportsRoles, 
                     userElement, 
                     doc);

        // If the user supports roles, create 
        // an Unknown role that the user 
        // should not be a member of.
        if (supportsRolesBOOL)
        {
            // Declare a BOOL for a 
            // role that is unknown.
            BOOL isInRoleBOOL = FALSE;

            // Call the IsInRole method 
            // on the IHttpUser pointer.
            HRESULT hr = 
                m_user->IsInRole(L"Unknown", &isInRoleBOOL);

            // Convert the BOOL to a wstring.
            wstring isInRole = 
                CConvert::ToString(isInRoleBOOL);

            // Add an attribute to
            // the userElement element.
            AddAttribute(L"isInRole", 
                         isInRole, 
                         userElement, 
                         doc);

            // Convert the HRESULT to a wstring.
            wstring isInRoleHresult =
                CConvert::ToString(hr);

            // Add an attribute to the
            // userElement element.
            AddAttribute(L"isInRoleCode",
                         isInRoleHresult,
                         userElement,
                         doc);
        }

        // Return the XML element.
        return userElement;
    }
protected:
    // The AddAttribute method creates a new XML 
    // attribute and appends it to the element
    // parameter.
    // name: the name of the attribute.
    // text: the text value of the attribute.
    // element: the XML element to 
    // append the new attribute to.
    // doc: the XML document to use for
    // creating attributes.
    // return: a new IXMLDOMAttributePtr.
    // throws: a _com_error exception.
    static MSXML2::IXMLDOMAttributePtr AddAttribute
    (
        const wstring& name,
        const wstring& text,
        MSXML2::IXMLDOMElementPtr element,
        MSXML2::IXMLDOMDocument3Ptr doc
    ) throw (_com_error)
    {
        // Create an attribute with the name.
        MSXML2::IXMLDOMAttributePtr attribute = 
            doc->createAttribute(name.c_str());
        // Set the text of the attribute to the text value.
        attribute->text = text.c_str();
        // Add the attribute to the passed element.
        element->setAttributeNode(attribute);
        // Return the new attribute to the caller.
        return attribute;
    }
private:
    // Specify the IHttpUser pointer 
    // to authenticate and authorize.
    IHttpUser* m_user;
};

// The CHttpResponseModule is a CHttpModule 
// class that handles response processing
// by creating a custom user and writing that
// user information to the response stream.
class CHttpResponseModule : public CHttpModule
{
public:
    // The CHttpResponseModule method is the public
    // constructor for the CHttpResponseModule class.
    CHttpResponseModule()
    {

    }

    // The CHttpResponseModule method is 
    // the public virtual destructor for 
    // the CHttpResponseModule class.
    virtual ~CHttpResponseModule()
    {

    }

    // The OnSendResponse method is the method 
    // supporting the RQ_SEND_RESPONSE event type.
    // pHttpContext: the current IHttpContext pointer.
    // pProvider: the current IHttpEventProvider pointer.
    // return: RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
    virtual 
    REQUEST_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
    OnSendResponse
    (
        IN IHttpContext* pHttpContext,
        IN OUT ISendResponseProvider* pProvider
    )
    {
        // Call the UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER macro because
        // the ISendResponseProvider is never used.
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER(pProvider);

        // If the IHttpContext is NULL, 
        // return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
        if (NULL == pHttpContext)
        {
            return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
        }

        // Retrieve the IHttpUser pointer 
        // from the IHttpContext pointer.
        IHttpUser* user = 
            pHttpContext->GetUser();

        // Retrieve the IHttpResponse pointer 
        // from the IHttpContext pointer.
        IHttpResponse* response = 
            pHttpContext->GetResponse();

        // Both the IHttpUser and 
        // IHttpResponse pointers must 
        // not be NUL to continue
        // response processing.
        if ((NULL == user) || (NULL == response))
        {
            return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
        }

        // Wrap calls in a try-catch 
        // statement as a _com_error 
        // exception might be thrown.
        try
        {
            // Create a CUser wrapper
            // for the IHttpUser pointer.
            CUser userWrapper(user);

            // Create a new XML document.
            MSXML2::IXMLDOMDocument3Ptr 
                doc(__uuidof(MSXML2::DOMDocument60));

            // Get the user XML element from
            // the CUser class, and append 
            // this element to the XML document.
            MSXML2::IXMLDOMElementPtr userElement =
                userWrapper.CreateElement(doc);
            doc->appendChild(userElement);

            // Create the string for writing 
            // the XML to the response stream.
            _bstr_t bstrXml = doc->xml;
            string xmlString = 
                "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>" + bstrXml;

            // Reset the header for text/xml so that
            // browsers will display the XML correctly.
            HRESULT hr = 
                response->SetHeader(HttpHeaderContentType, 
                                    "text/xml", 
                                    (USHORT)strlen("text/xml"), 
                                     TRUE);

            // Do not throw an exception here.
            // If the header cannot be set, then
            // the user should be able to view
            // the XML by selecting the
            // "View\Source" menu item.

            // Clear the response before writing
            // the XML data to the response.
            response->Clear();

            // Create a writer.
            CResponseWriter writer(response);

            // Write the XML to the 
            // response stream.
            writer.Write(xmlString.c_str());
        }
        catch (_com_error& ce)
        {
            // Attempt to get the 
            // description of the error.
            _bstr_t description = 
                ce.Description();

            // Print the description if 
            // it is not empty.
            if (0 == description.length())
            {
                description = ce.ErrorMessage();            
            }

            // Set an error status on the 
            // IHttpResponse pointer.
            response->SetStatus(500, description, 0, ce.Error());
        }

        // Return the RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE message.
        return RQ_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
    }
};

// The CHttpResponseFactory class implements the 
// IHttpModuleFactory interface and creates and 
// sets a new CHttpResponseModule listener for 
// the RQ_SEND_RESPONSE event on the 
// IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
class CHttpResponseFactory : public IHttpModuleFactory
{
public:
    // The RegisterCHttpModule method creates a new 
    // CHttpResponseFactory pointer and sets this new 
    // CHttpResponseFactory pointer as the IHttpModuleFactory 
    // pointer on the IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
    // dwServerVersion: the current server version.
    // pModuleInfo: the current 
    // IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
    // pGlobalInfo: the current IHttpServer pointer.
    // return: the value returned from the the call to 
    // the SetRequestNotifications on the 
    // IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
    static HRESULT RegisterCHttpModule
    (
        DWORD dwServerVersion,
        IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo* pModuleInfo,
        IHttpServer* pGlobalInfo
    )
    {
        // Create a new CHttpResponseFactory pointer.
        CHttpResponseFactory* moduleFactory = 
            new CHttpResponseFactory;

        // Test for NULL on the new 
        // CHttpResponseFactory pointer.
        if (NULL == moduleFactory)
        {
            // Return an out-of-memory error 
            // code if moduleFactory is NULL.
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY);
        }

        // Set the request notifications for RQ_SEND_RESPONSE 
        // messages on the new CHttpResponseFactory pointer.
        return pModuleInfo->SetRequestNotifications
                (moduleFactory,
                 RQ_SEND_RESPONSE,
                 0); 
    }

    // The GetHttpModule method creates a new 
    // CHttpResponseModule pointer and sets the 
    // new CHttpResponseModule on the ppModule parameter.
    // ppModule: the new CHttpResponseModule pointer to return.
    // pAllocator: currently unused.
    // return: ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY if the 
    // heap is exhausted; otherwise, S_OK.
    virtual
    HRESULT
    GetHttpModule
    (
        OUT CHttpModule** ppModule, 
        IN IModuleAllocator* pAllocator
    )
    {
        // Call the UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER macro with 
        // the IModuleAllocator pointer, because this
        // parameter is currently unused.
        UNREFERENCED_PARAMETER(pAllocator);

        // Set the dereferenced ppModule 
        // to a new CHttpResponseModule pointer.
        (*ppModule) = new CHttpResponseModule;

        // If the new CHttpResponseModule is 
        // NULL, return an error indicating 
        // that heap memory is exhausted.
        if (NULL == (*ppModule))
        {
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY);
        }

        // Return S_OK.
        return S_OK;
    }

    // The Terminate method calls delete on this.
    virtual 
    void
    Terminate()
    {
        delete this;
    }

protected:
    // The CHttpResponseFactory method is the
    // protected constructor for the 
    // CHttpResponseFactory class.
    CHttpResponseFactory()
    {

    }

    // The CHttpResponseFactory method is the 
    // protected virtual destructor for the
    // CHttpResponseFactory class.
    virtual ~CHttpResponseFactory()
    {

    }
};

// The RegisterModule method is the 
// main entry point for the DLL.
// dwServerVersion: the current server version.
// pModuleInfo: the current 
// IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
// pGlobalInfo: the current IHttpServer pointer.
// return: the value returned by calling the static
// CHttpResponseFactory::RegisterCHttpModule method.
HRESULT
__stdcall
RegisterModule
(
    DWORD dwServerVersion,
    IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo* pModuleInfo,
    IHttpServer* pGlobalInfo
)
{
    return CHttpResponseFactory::RegisterCHttpModule
        (dwServerVersion,
         pModuleInfo,
         pGlobalInfo);
}


The above code writes XML that is similar to the following to the response stream.

<?xml version="1.0" ?>
<user 
    userName="DOMAIN\user" 
    remoteName=" DOMAIN\user" 
    passWord="[hidden]" 
    authType="Negotiate" 
    impersonationToken="valid" 
    primaryToken="valid" 
    supportsRoles="true" 
    isInRole="false" 
    userVariable="NULL" />

Your module must export the RegisterModule function. You can export this function by creating a module definition (.def) file for your project, or you can compile the module by using the /EXPORT:RegisterModule switch. For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

You can optionally compile the code by using the __stdcall (/Gz) calling convention instead of explicitly declaring the calling convention for each function.

Type

Description

Client

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows 7

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows 8 Client

Server

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Server 2008

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows Server 2012

Product

IIS 7.0, IIS 7.5, IIS Express 7.5, IIS 8.0

Header

Httpserv.h

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