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IHttpModuleContextContainer Interface

IIS 7.0

Maintains a collection of IHttpStoredContext pointers.

class IHttpModuleContextContainer

The following table lists the methods exposed by the IHttpModuleContextContainer class.

Name

Description

GetModuleContext

Returns the stored context from the context container.

SetModuleContext

Sets the stored context on the context container.

Name

Description

IDispensedHttpModuleContextContainer

Extends IHttpModuleContextContainer by providing functionality for releasing a container.

Many IIS 7 classes maintain a private IDispensedHttpModuleContextContainer pointer as a member variable. These classes implement various interfaces, including IHttpApplication, IHttpConnection, IHttpContext, IHttpFileInfo, IHttpSite, IHttpUrlInfo, and IMetadataInfo.

Each of these interfaces defines a GetModuleContextContainer method, which accepts no arguments and returns an IHttpModuleContextContainer pointer. When the various GetModuleContextContainer methods are called, most of these implementers return the private data as an upcast IHttpModuleContextContainer. This allows the interface implementers to expose custom containers while maintaining the lifetime of those containers.

You can define custom classes that implement the IHttpStoredContext interface and then create a pointer to this IHttpStoredContext class implementer by calling the new operator. You can then add and retrieve this pointer on an IHttpModuleContextContainer pointer by calling the SetModuleContext and GetModuleContext methods, respectively.

When the IHttpStoredContext pointer is no longer needed, the IHttpStoredContext::CleanupStoredContext method is called internally, where the implementer of the IHttpStoredContext interface method should usually call delete this.

Caution noteCaution:

While it may be a safe operation to downcast an IHttpModuleContextContainer to an IDispensedHttpModuleContextContainer by using the dynamic_cast operator, you should avoid performing this cast. The IDispensedHttpModuleContextContainer interface adds only one method, ReleaseContainer, to its base interface, and this method should be called only internally.

In some cases, an IHttpModuleContextContainer pointer may be downcast to an IDispensedHttpModuleContextContainer interface to access extended behavior.

Caution noteCaution:

Before performing any downcast operation, always verify that the cast is correct to guarantee correct program behavior.

NoteNote:

Consider using the dynamic_cast operator whenever possible when you perform a downcast operation.

The following code example demonstrates how to create a global module that listens for GL_TRACE_EVENT events and then writes custom IHttpStoredContext information to the Event Viewer.

Caution noteCaution:

IIS 7 generates a large number of events in the Event Viewer. To avoid a log overflow error in a production environment, you should generally avoid writing cache information to the event log. For demonstration purposes, this code example writes an entry to the Event Viewer in debug mode only.

#pragma warning( disable : 4290 )
#pragma warning( disable : 4530 )

#define _WINSOCKAPI_
#include <windows.h>
#include <sal.h>
#include <tchar.h>
#include <initguid.h>
#include <httptrace.h>
#include <httpserv.h>
#include <httpcach.h>

#include <string>
using namespace std;

// The CConvert class mirrors the Convert class that is 
// defined in the .NET Framework. It converts primitives 
// and other data types to wstring types.
class CConvert
{
public:
    // The ToByteString converts a double-byte 
    // character string to a single-byte string.
    // str: the double-byte string to convert.
    // return: a single-byte string copied from str.
    static string ToByteString(const wstring& str)
    {
        // Get the length of the 
        // double-byte string.
        size_t length = str.length();

        // Create a temporary char pointer.
        char* byteChar = new char[length+1];
        byteChar[0] = '\0';
        // Copy the double-byte character string
        // into the single-byte string.        
        size_t charsReturned = 0;
        wcstombs_s(&charsReturned, byteChar, 
                   length+1, str.c_str(), length+1);
        // Create a string to return.
        string retString = byteChar;
        // Delete the temporary string and
        // set that string to NULL.
        delete[] byteChar;
        byteChar = NULL;

        // Return the single-byte string.
        return retString;
    }
};

// The CEventWriter class writes XML 
// documents and strings to the event log.
class CEventWriter
{
public:
    // Creates the CEventWriter class.
    // name: the name of the 
    // event log to open.
    CEventWriter(const wstring& name)
    {                
        #ifdef UNICODE
        m_eventLog = RegisterEventSource(NULL, name.c_str());
        #else
        string multiName = CConvert::ToByteString(name);
        m_eventLog = RegisterEventSource(NULL, multiName.c_str());
        #endif        
    }

    // Creates the destructor for the 
    // CEventWriter class. This destructor
    // closes the HANDLE to the event 
    // log if that HANDLE is open.
    virtual ~CEventWriter()
    {
        // If the HANDLE to the event 
        // log is open, close it.
        if (NULL != m_eventLog)
        {
            // Deregister the event log HANDLE.
            DeregisterEventSource(m_eventLog);
            // Set the HANDLE to NULL.
            m_eventLog = NULL;
        }
    }

    // The ReportInfo method writes 
    // a wstring to the event log.
    // info: the wstring to write.
    // return: true if the event log is written.
    BOOL ReportInfo(const wstring& info)
    {
        return ReportEvent(EVENTLOG_INFORMATION_TYPE, info);
    }
protected:
    // The ReportEvent method accepts an event type
    // and a wstring, and attempts to write that 
    // event to the event log.
    // type: the type of the event.
    // data: the wstring to write to the event log.
    // return: true if the event log is written;
    // otherwise, false.
    BOOL ReportEvent(WORD type, const wstring& data)
    {
        // If the m_eventLog HANDLE 
        // is NULL, return false.
        if (NULL == m_eventLog)
        {
            return FALSE;
        }

        #ifndef _DEBUG
        // If the current build is not debug,
        // return so the event log is not written.
        return TRUE;
        #endif

        #ifdef UNICODE
        // The unicode version of the ReportEvent
        // method requires double-byte strings.
        PCWSTR arr[1];
        arr[0] = data.c_str();
        return ::ReportEvent(m_eventLog,
                             type,
                             0, 0, NULL, 1, 
                             0, arr, (void*)arr);
        #else
        // The non-unicode version of the ReportEvent
        // method requires single-byte strings.
        string multiByte = 
            CConvert::ToByteString(data);
        LPCSTR arr[1];
        arr[0] = multiByte.c_str();
        return ::ReportEvent(m_eventLog,
                             type,
                             0, 0, NULL, 1,
                             0, arr, (void*)arr);
        #endif
    }
private:
    // Specify the HANDLE to the 
    // event log for writing.
    HANDLE m_eventLog;
};

// The CStoredContext class implements 
// the IHttpStoredContext interface.
class CStoredContext : public IHttpStoredContext
{
public:
    // The constructor for the CStoredContext 
    // class. Initializes a CEventWriter to write
    // to the Event Log.
    CStoredContext() : m_eventWriter(L"IISADMIN")
    {
        // Create a string to write.
        wstring constructor(L"CStoredContext::Constructor");
        // Write the string to the Event Log.
        m_eventWriter.ReportInfo(constructor);
    }

    // The Display method writes 
    // L"CStoredContext::Display"
    // to the Event Log.
    virtual void Display()
    {
        // Create the string to write.
        wstring display(L"CStoredContext::Display");
        // Write the string to the Event Log.
        m_eventWriter.ReportInfo(display);
    }

    // The CleanupStoredContext is the pure virtual
    // method that all non-abstract classes implementing 
    // the IHttpStoredContext must implement.
    virtual void CleanupStoredContext()
    {        
        wstring cleanup(L"CStoredContext::CleanupStoredContext");
        m_eventWriter.ReportInfo(cleanup);
        delete this;
    }
protected:
    // The protected destructor for the 
    // CStoredContext class. This method is 
    // protected because the clients of this 
    // class should dispose of a class instance
    // by calling the CleanupStoredContext method.
    virtual ~CStoredContext()
    {
        wstring destructor(L"CStoredContext::Destructor");
        m_eventWriter.ReportInfo(destructor);
    }
private:    
    // Specify the private CEventWriter
    // for writing events.
    CEventWriter m_eventWriter;
};

// The CGlobalTraceModule class creates the CGlobalModule 
// class and registers for GL_TRACE_EVENT events.
class CGlobalContainerModule : public CGlobalModule
{
public:
    // Creates the destructor for the 
    // CGlobalTraceModule class.
    virtual ~CGlobalContainerModule()
    {

    }

    // The RegisterGlobalModule method creates and registers 
    // a new CGlobalTraceModule for GL_TRACE_EVENT events.
    // dwServerVersion: the current server version.
    // pModuleInfo: the current IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
    // pGlobalInfo: the current IHttpServer pointer.
    // return: ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY if the heap is out of 
    // memory; otherwise, the value from the call to the 
    // SetGlobalNotifications method on the pModuleInfo pointer.
    static HRESULT RegisterGlobalModule
    (
        DWORD dwServerVersion,
        IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo* pModuleInfo,
        IHttpServer* pGlobalInfo
    )
    {        
        // The IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo 
        // pointermust not be NULL.
        if (NULL == pModuleInfo)
        {
            return E_INVALIDARG;
        }

        // Get the HTTP_MODULE_ID from the 
        // IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
        HTTP_MODULE_ID moduleId = 
            pModuleInfo->GetId();

        // The HTTP_MODULE_ID pointer 
        // must not be NULL.
        if (NULL == moduleId)
        {
            return E_INVALIDARG;
        }

        // Create a new CGlobalContainerModule pointer
        // using the HTTP_MODULE_ID from the 
        // IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
        CGlobalContainerModule* containerModule = 
            new CGlobalContainerModule(moduleId);

        // Return an out-of-memory error if the containerModule 
        // is NULL after the call to the new operator.
        if (NULL == containerModule)
        {            
            return HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY);
        }                                          

        // Attempt to set global notification 
        // for an GL_TRACE_EVENT event by using 
        // the traceModule as a listener.
        HRESULT hr = pModuleInfo->SetGlobalNotifications
            (containerModule, GL_TRACE_EVENT);

        // Return the HRESULT from the call to 
        // the SetGlobalNotifications method.        
        return hr;
    }

    // The OnGlobalTraceEvent method is the callback
    // method for GL_TRACE_EVENT events in the pipeline.
    // pProvider: the IGlobalTraceEventProvider pointer.
    // return: GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
    virtual 
    GLOBAL_NOTIFICATION_STATUS
    OnGlobalTraceEvent
    (
        IN IGlobalTraceEventProvider* pProvider
    )
    {
        // If the IGlobalTraceEventProvider pointer 
        // is NULL, return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
        if (NULL == pProvider)
        {
            return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
        }

        // Declare an IHttpContext pointer.
        IHttpContext* httpContext = NULL;

        // Declare an HRESULT and initialize
        // the HRESULT to E_FAIL.
        HRESULT hr = E_FAIL;

        // Call the GetCurrentHttpRequestContext
        // method on the IGlobalTraceEventProvider
        // pointer.
        hr = pProvider->GetCurrentHttpRequestContext(&httpContext);

        // If the GetCurrentHttpRequestContext 
        // method failed, or the IHttpContext
        // pointer is NULL, return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
        if (FAILED(hr) || (NULL == httpContext))
        {
            return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
        }

        // Get the IHttpModuleContextContainer
        // pointer from the IHttpContext pointer.
        IHttpModuleContextContainer* container =
            httpContext->GetModuleContextContainer();

        // If the IHttpModuleContextContainer is 
        // NULL, return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
        if (NULL == container)
        {
            return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
        }

        // Get the IHttpStoredContext pointer 
        // from the IHttpModuleContextContainer
        // pointer.
        IHttpStoredContext* storedContext =
            container->GetModuleContext(m_moduleId);

        // If the IHttpStoredContext pointer is
        // non-NULL, use the dynamic_cast operator
        // to retrieve the CStoredContext pointer
        // from the storedContext.
        if (NULL != storedContext)
        {                
            // Attempt to cast the IHttpStoredContext
            // pointer to a CStoredContext pointer.
            CStoredContext* customContext =
                dynamic_cast<CStoredContext*>(storedContext);

            // If the cast does not return 
            // NULL, ask the CStoredContext 
            // poitner to display itself.
            if (NULL != customContext)
            {
                customContext->Display();
            }
        }
        if (NULL == storedContext)
        {
            // Create a custom CStoredContext pointer.
            IHttpStoredContext* customContext =
                new CStoredContext;
            // Call the SetModuleContext method using 
            // the IHttpModuleContextContainer pointer.
            container->SetModuleContext(customContext, m_moduleId);
        }

        // Return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE.
        return GL_NOTIFICATION_CONTINUE;
    }

    // The Terminate method is required for
    // non-abstract CGlobalTraceModule classes.
    // This method calls delete on this.
    virtual VOID Terminate(VOID)
    {
        delete this;
    }
protected:
    // Creates the constructor for the CGlobalTraceModule 
    // class. This constructor initializes the CEventWriter
    // to write to the application event log.
    // moduleId: the current module identifier.
    CGlobalContainerModule(HTTP_MODULE_ID moduleId)        
    {
        m_moduleId = moduleId;
    }
private:
    // Specify the HTTP_MODULE_ID
    // for this module.
    HTTP_MODULE_ID m_moduleId;
};

// The RegisterModule method is the 
// main entry point for the DLL.
// dwServerVersion: the current server version.
// pModuleInfo: the current 
// IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo pointer.
// pGlobalInfo: the current IHttpServer pointer.
// return: the value returned by calling the
// CGlobalContainerModule::RegisterGlobalModule
// method.
HRESULT
__stdcall
RegisterModule(
    DWORD dwServerVersion,
    IHttpModuleRegistrationInfo* pModuleInfo,
    IHttpServer* pGlobalInfo
)
{        
    // Call the static method for initialization.
    return CGlobalContainerModule::RegisterGlobalModule            
        (dwServerVersion, 
         pModuleInfo, 
         pGlobalInfo);             
}


The above code writes a new event to the Event Viewer, where the Data box contains consecutive strings similar to the following.

CStoredContext::Destructor
CStoredContext::CleanupStoredContext
CStoredContext::Display
CStoredContext::Constructor

Your module must export the RegisterModule function. You can export this function by creating a module definition (.def) file for your project, or you can compile the module by using the /EXPORT:RegisterModule switch. For more information, see Walkthrough: Creating a Request-Level HTTP Module By Using Native Code.

You can optionally compile the code by using the __stdcall (/Gz) calling convention instead of explicitly declaring the calling convention for each function.

Type

Description

Client

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Vista

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows 7

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows 8 Client

Server

  • IIS 7.0 on Windows Server 2008

  • IIS 7.5 on Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS Express 7.5 on Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2

  • IIS 8.0 on Windows Server 2012

Product

IIS 7.0, IIS 7.5, IIS Express 7.5, IIS 8.0

Header

Httpserv.h

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