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EnumDependentServices function

Retrieves the name and status of each service that depends on the specified service; that is, the specified service must be running before the dependent services can run.

Syntax


BOOL WINAPI EnumDependentServices(
  _In_       SC_HANDLE hService,
  _In_       DWORD dwServiceState,
  _Out_opt_  LPENUM_SERVICE_STATUS lpServices,
  _In_       DWORD cbBufSize,
  _Out_      LPDWORD pcbBytesNeeded,
  _Out_      LPDWORD lpServicesReturned
);

Parameters

hService [in]

A handle to the service. This handle is returned by the OpenService or CreateService function, and it must have the SERVICE_ENUMERATE_DEPENDENTS access right. For more information, see Service Security and Access Rights.

dwServiceState [in]

The state of the services to be enumerated. This parameter can be one of the following values.

ValueMeaning
SERVICE_ACTIVE
0x00000001

Enumerates services that are in the following states: SERVICE_START_PENDING, SERVICE_STOP_PENDING, SERVICE_RUNNING, SERVICE_CONTINUE_PENDING, SERVICE_PAUSE_PENDING, and SERVICE_PAUSED.

SERVICE_INACTIVE
0x00000002

Enumerates services that are in the SERVICE_STOPPED state.

SERVICE_STATE_ALL
0x00000003

Combines the following states: SERVICE_ACTIVE and SERVICE_INACTIVE.

 

lpServices [out, optional]

A pointer to an array of ENUM_SERVICE_STATUS structures that receives the name and service status information for each dependent service in the database. The buffer must be large enough to hold the structures, plus the strings to which their members point.

The order of the services in this array is the reverse of the start order of the services. In other words, the first service in the array is the one that would be started last, and the last service in the array is the one that would be started first.

The maximum size of this array is 64,000 bytes. To determine the required size, specify NULL for this parameter and 0 for the cbBufSize parameter. The function will fail and GetLastError will return ERROR_MORE_DATA. The pcbBytesNeeded parameter will receive the required size.

cbBufSize [in]

The size of the buffer pointed to by the lpServices parameter, in bytes.

pcbBytesNeeded [out]

A pointer to a variable that receives the number of bytes needed to store the array of service entries. The variable only receives this value if the buffer pointed to by lpServices is too small, indicated by function failure and the ERROR_MORE_DATA error; otherwise, the contents of pcbBytesNeeded are undefined.

lpServicesReturned [out]

A pointer to a variable that receives the number of service entries returned.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

The following error codes may be set by the service control manager. Other error codes may be set by the registry functions that are called by the service control manager.

Return codeDescription
ERROR_ACCESS_DENIED

The handle does not have the SERVICE_ENUMERATE_DEPENDENTS access right.

ERROR_INVALID_HANDLE

The specified handle is invalid.

ERROR_INVALID_PARAMETER

A parameter that was specified is invalid.

ERROR_MORE_DATA

The buffer pointed to by lpServices is not large enough. The function sets the variable pointed to by lpServicesReturned to the actual number of service entries stored into the buffer. The function sets the variable pointed to by pcbBytesNeeded to the number of bytes required to store all of the service entries.

 

Remarks

The returned services entries are ordered in the reverse order of the start order, with group order taken into account. If you need to stop the dependent services, you can use the order of entries written to the lpServices buffer to stop the dependent services in the proper order.

Examples

For an example, see Stopping a Service.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]

Header

Winsvc.h (include Windows.h)

Library

Advapi32.lib

DLL

Advapi32.dll

Unicode and ANSI names

EnumDependentServicesW (Unicode) and EnumDependentServicesA (ANSI)

See also

CreateService
ENUM_SERVICE_STATUS
EnumServicesStatusEx
OpenService
Service Functions
Service Installation, Removal, and Enumeration

 

 

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