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Parameters Collection (ADO)

Contains all the Parameter objects of a Command object.

A Command object has a Parameters collection made up of Parameter objects.

Using the Refresh method on a Command object's Parameters collection retrieves provider parameter information for the stored procedure or parameterized query specified in the Command object. Some providers do not support stored procedure calls or parameterized queries; calling the Refresh method on the Parameters collection when using such a provider will return an error.

If you have not defined your own Parameter objects and you access the Parameters collection before calling the Refresh method, ADO will automatically call the method and populate the collection for you.

You can minimize calls to the provider to improve performance if you know the properties of the parameters associated with the stored procedure or parameterized query you wish to call. Use the CreateParameter method to create Parameter objects with the appropriate property settings and use the Append method to add them to the Parameters collection. This lets you set and return parameter values without having to call the provider for the parameter information. If you are writing to a provider that does not supply parameter information, you must manually populate the Parameters collection using this method to be able to use parameters at all. Use the Delete method to remove Parameter objects from the Parameters collection if necessary.

The objects in the Parameters collection of a Recordset go out of scope (therefore becoming unavailable) when the Recordset is closed.

When calling a stored procedure with Command, the return value/output parameter of a stored procedure is retrieved as follows:

  1. When calling a stored procedure that has no parameters, the Refresh method on the Parameters collection should be called before calling the Execute method on the Command object.

  2. When calling a stored procedure with parameters and explicitly appending a parameter to the Parameters collection with Append, the return value/output parameter should be appended to the Parameters collection. The return value must first be appended to the Parameters collection. Use Append to add the other parameters into the Parameters collection in the order of definition. For example, the stored procedure SPWithParam has two parameters. The first parameter, InParam, is an input parameter defined as adVarChar (20), and the second parameter, OutParam, is an output parameter defined as adVarChar (20). You can retrieve the return value/output parameter with the following code.

    ' Open Connection Conn
    set ccmd = CreateObject("ADODB.Command")
    ccmd.Activeconnection= Conn
    
    ccmd.CommandText="SPWithParam"
    ccmd.commandType = 4 'adCmdStoredProc
    
    ccmd.parameters.Append ccmd.CreateParameter(, adInteger, adParamReturnValue, , NULL)   ' return value
    ccmd.parameters.Append ccmd.CreateParameter("InParam", adVarChar, adParamInput, 20, "hello world")   ' input parameter
    ccmd.parameters.Append ccmd.CreateParameter("OutParam", adVarChar, adParamOuput, 20, NULL)   ' output parameter
    
    ccmd.execute()
    
    ' Access ccmd.parameters(0) as return value of this stored procedure
    ' Access ccmd.parameters("OutParam") as the output parameter of this stored procedure.
    
    
  3. When calling a stored procedure with parameters and configuring the parameters by calling the Item method on the Parameters collection, the return value/output parameter of the stored procedure can be retrieved from the Parameters collection. For example, the stored procedure SPWithParam has two parameters. The first parameter, InParam, is an input parameter defined as adVarChar (20), and the second parameter, OutParam, is an output parameter defined as adVarChar (20). You can retrieve the return value/output parameter with the following code.

    ' Open Connection Conn
    set ccmd = CreateObject("ADODB.Command")
    ccmd.Activeconnection= Conn
    
    ccmd.CommandText="SPWithParam"
    ccmd.commandType = 4 'adCmdStoredProc
    
    ccmd.parameters.Item("InParam").value = "hello world" ' input parameter
    ccmd.execute()
    
    ' Access ccmd.parameters(0) as return value of stored procedure
    ' Access ccmd.parameters(2) or ccmd.parameters("OutParam") as the output parameter.
    

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