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Item Property Example (VC++)

This example demonstrates how the Item property accesses members of a collection. The example opens the Authors table of the Pubs database with a parameterized command.

The parameter in the command issued against the database is accessed from the Command object's Parameters collection by index and name. Then the fields of the returned Recordset are accessed from that object's Fields collection by index and name.

// BeginItemCpp.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#import "msado15.dll" no_namespace rename("EOF", "EndOfFile")

#include <ole2.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>

// Function declarations
inline void TESTHR(HRESULT x) {if FAILED(x) _com_issue_error(x);};
void ItemX();
void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection);
void PrintComError(_com_error &e);

int main() {
   if (FAILED(::CoInitialize(NULL)))
      return -1;

   ItemX();
   ::CoUninitialize();
}

void ItemX() {
   HRESULT hr = S_OK;

   // Define ADO object pointers.  Initialize pointers on define.  These are in the ADODB::  namespace.
   _ConnectionPtr pConnection = NULL;
   _RecordsetPtr pRst = NULL;
   _CommandPtr pCmd = NULL;
   _ParameterPtr pPrm = NULL;
   FieldPtr pFld = NULL;

   // Other Variables.
   _bstr_t strCnn("Provider='sqloledb'; Data Source='My_Data_Source'; Initial Catalog='pubs'; Integrated Security='SSPI';");
   _variant_t Column[9];
   _variant_t vIndex;

   try {
      // Open connection.
      TESTHR(pConnection.CreateInstance(__uuidof(Connection)));
      TESTHR(pRst.CreateInstance(__uuidof(Recordset)));
      TESTHR(pCmd.CreateInstance(__uuidof(Command)));

      // Set the array with the authors table field (column) names
      Column[0] = "au_id";
      Column[1] = "au_lname";
      Column[2] = "au_fname";
      Column[3] = "phone";
      Column[4] = "address";
      Column[5] = "city";
      Column[6] = "state";
      Column[7] = "zip";
      Column[8] = "contract";

      _bstr_t strText("SELECT * FROM authors WHERE state = ?");
      pCmd->CommandText = strText;

      pPrm = pCmd->CreateParameter("ItemXparm", adChar, adParamInput, 2, "CA");
      pCmd->Parameters->Append(pPrm);

      pConnection->Open(strCnn, "", "", adConnectUnspecified);
      pCmd->ActiveConnection = pConnection;

      // Connection and CommandType are omitted because a Command object is provided.
      _variant_t Conn;
      Conn.vt = VT_ERROR;
      Conn.scode = DISP_E_PARAMNOTFOUND;

      pRst->Open((_variant_t((IDispatch *) pCmd)), Conn, adOpenStatic, adLockReadOnly, -1);

      printf("The Parameters collection accessed by index...\n");

      vIndex = (short) 0;
      pPrm = pCmd->Parameters->GetItem(&vIndex);
      printf("Parameter name = '%s', value = '%s'\n",
         (LPCSTR)pPrm->Name, (LPSTR)(_bstr_t)pPrm->Value);

      printf("\nThe Parameters collection accessed by name...\n");
      pPrm = pCmd->Parameters->Item["ItemXparm"];
      printf("Parameter name = '%s', value = '%s'\n",
         (LPCSTR)pPrm->Name, (LPSTR)(_bstr_t)pPrm->Value);

      printf("\nThe Fields collection accessed by index...\n");
      pRst->MoveFirst();
      long limit = 0;
      limit = ((pRst->Fields->Count) - 1);
      int intLineCnt = 8; 
      for (short iIndex = 0 ; iIndex <= limit ; iIndex++) {
         vIndex = iIndex;

         pFld = pRst->Fields->GetItem(&vIndex);
         printf("Field %d : Name =  '%s', ", iIndex, (LPCSTR)pFld->GetName());
         _variant_t FldVal = pFld->GetValue();  

         // Because Value is the default property of a Property object, the use 
         // of the actual keyword here is optional.
         switch(FldVal.vt) {
         case (VT_BOOL):
            if (FldVal.boolVal)
               printf("Value = 'True'");
            else
               printf("Value = 'False'");
            printf("\n");
            break;
         case (VT_BSTR):
            printf("Value = '%s'",
               (LPCSTR)(_bstr_t)FldVal.bstrVal);
            printf("\n");
            break;
         case (VT_I4):
            printf("Value = '%s'",(LPCSTR)FldVal.iVal);
            printf("\n");
            break;
         case (VT_EMPTY):
            printf("Value = '%s'",(LPCSTR)FldVal.lVal);
            printf("\n");
            break;
         default:
            break;
         }
      }

      printf("\nThe Fields collection accessed by name...\n");
      pRst->MoveFirst();

      for (int iIndex = 0; iIndex <= 8 ; iIndex++) {
         intLineCnt++;

         pFld = pRst->Fields->GetItem(Column[iIndex]);
         printf("Field name = '%s', ", (LPCSTR)pFld->GetName());
         _variant_t FldVal = pFld->GetValue();

         // Because Value is the default property of a Property object,
         // the use of the actual keyword here is optional.
         switch(FldVal.vt) {
         case (VT_BOOL):
            if (FldVal.boolVal)
               printf("Value = 'True'");
            else
               printf("Value = 'False'");
            printf("\n");
            break;
         case (VT_BSTR):
            printf("Value = '%s'",
               (LPCSTR)(_bstr_t)FldVal.bstrVal);
            printf("\n");
            break;
         case (VT_I4):
            printf("Value = '%s'", (LPCSTR)FldVal.iVal);
            printf("\n");
            break;
         case (VT_EMPTY):
            printf("Value = '%s'", (LPCSTR)FldVal.lVal);
            printf("\n");
            break;
         default:
            break;
         }
      }
   }
   catch(_com_error &e) {
      // Notify the user of errors if any.
      // Pass a connection pointer accessed from the Recordset.
      PrintProviderError(pConnection);
      PrintComError(e);
   }

   // Clean up objects before exit.
   if (pRst)
      if (pRst->State == adStateOpen)
         pRst->Close();
   if (pConnection)
      if (pConnection->State == adStateOpen)
         pConnection->Close();
}

void PrintProviderError(_ConnectionPtr pConnection) {
   // Print Provider Errors from Connection object.
   // pErr is a record object in the Connection's Error collection.
   ErrorPtr pErr = NULL;

   if( (pConnection->Errors->Count) > 0) {
      long nCount = pConnection->Errors->Count;
      // Collection ranges from 0 to nCount -1.
      for (long i = 0 ; i < nCount ; i++) {
         pErr = pConnection->Errors->GetItem(i);
         printf("\t Error number: %x\t%s", pErr->Number, pErr->Description);
      }
   }
}

void PrintComError(_com_error &e) {
   _bstr_t bstrSource(e.Source());
   _bstr_t bstrDescription(e.Description());

   // Print Com errors.
   printf("Error\n");
   printf("\tCode = %08lx\n", e.Error());
   printf("\tCode meaning = %s\n", e.ErrorMessage());
   printf("\tSource = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrSource);
   printf("\tDescription = %s\n", (LPCSTR) bstrDescription);
}
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