Replaces the specified value at the specified offset in the extra class memory or the WNDCLASSEX structure for the class to which the specified window belongs.
Note To write code that is compatible with both 32-bit and 64-bit Windows, use SetClassLongPtr. When compiling for 32-bit Windows, SetClassLongPtr is defined as a call to the SetClassLong function
ULONG_PTR WINAPI SetClassLongPtr( _In_ HWND hWnd, _In_ int nIndex, _In_ LONG_PTR dwNewLong );
- hWnd [in]
A handle to the window and, indirectly, the class to which the window belongs.
- nIndex [in]
The value to be replaced. To set a value in the extra class memory, specify the positive, zero-based byte offset of the value to be set. Valid values are in the range zero through the number of bytes of extra class memory, minus eight; for example, if you specified 24 or more bytes of extra class memory, a value of 16 would be an index to the third integer. To set a value other than the WNDCLASSEX structure, specify one of the following values.
Sets the size, in bytes, of the extra memory associated with the class. Setting this value does not change the number of extra bytes already allocated.
Sets the size, in bytes, of the extra window memory associated with each window in the class. Setting this value does not change the number of extra bytes already allocated. For information on how to access this memory, see SetWindowLongPtr.
- GCLP_ HBRBACKGROUND
Replaces a handle to the background brush associated with the class.
Replaces a handle to the cursor associated with the class.
Replaces a handle to the icon associated with the class.
Retrieves a handle to the small icon associated with the class.
Replaces a handle to the module that registered the class.
Replaces the pointer to the menu name string. The string identifies the menu resource associated with the class.
Replaces the window-class style bits.
Replaces the pointer to the window procedure associated with the class.
- dwNewLong [in]
The replacement value.
Type: Type: ULONG_PTR
If the function succeeds, the return value is the previous value of the specified offset. If this was not previously set, the return value is zero.
If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.
If you use the SetClassLongPtr function and the GCLP_WNDPROC index to replace the window procedure, the window procedure must conform to the guidelines specified in the description of the WindowProc callback function.
Calling SetClassLongPtr with the GCLP_WNDPROC index creates a subclass of the window class that affects all windows subsequently created with the class. An application can subclass a system class, but should not subclass a window class created by another process.
Use the SetClassLongPtr function with care. For example, it is possible to change the background color for a class by using SetClassLongPtr, but this change does not immediately repaint all windows belonging to the class.
Minimum supported client
|Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]|
Minimum supported server
|Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]|
Unicode and ANSI names
|SetClassLongPtrW (Unicode) and SetClassLongPtrA (ANSI)|
- Window Classes