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OperationContext.GetCallbackChannel<T> Method

Gets a channel to the client instance that called the current operation.

Namespace:  System.ServiceModel
Assembly:  System.ServiceModel (in System.ServiceModel.dll)

public T GetCallbackChannel<T>()

Type Parameters

T

The type of channel used to call back to the client.

Return Value

Type: T
A channel to the client instance that called the operation of the type specified in the CallbackContract property.

Call the GetCallbackChannel<T> property to obtain a channel that you can use to call operations on the client instance that called the service.

The following code example uses the Current property and GetCallbackChannel<T> method to create a channel back to the caller from within a operation. All operations in this example are one-way operations, enabling the service and the client to communicate in both directions independently. In this case, the example client application expects only one return call before it exits, but another client, for example a Windows Forms client, can receive any number of calls from the service.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Threading;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  [ServiceContract(
    Name = "SampleDuplexHello",
    Namespace = "http://microsoft.wcf.documentation",
    CallbackContract = typeof(IHelloCallbackContract),
    SessionMode = SessionMode.Required
  )]
  public interface IDuplexHello
  {
    [OperationContract(IsOneWay = true)]
    void Hello(string greeting);
  }

  public interface IHelloCallbackContract
  {
    [OperationContract(IsOneWay = true)]
    void Reply(string responseToGreeting);
  }

  public class DuplexHello : IDuplexHello
  {
    public DuplexHello()
    {
      Console.WriteLine("Service object created: " + this.GetHashCode().ToString());
    }

    ~DuplexHello()
    {
      Console.WriteLine("Service object destroyed: " + this.GetHashCode().ToString());
    }

    public void Hello(string greeting)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("Caller sent: " + greeting);
      Console.WriteLine("Session ID: " + OperationContext.Current.SessionId);
      Console.WriteLine("Waiting two seconds before returning call.");
      // Put a slight delay to demonstrate asynchronous behavior on client.
      Thread.Sleep(2000);
      IHelloCallbackContract callerProxy
        = OperationContext.Current.GetCallbackChannel<IHelloCallbackContract>();
      string response = "Service object " + this.GetHashCode().ToString() + " received: " + greeting;
      Console.WriteLine("Sending back: " + response);
      callerProxy.Reply(response);
    }
  }
}

The following client implements the SampleDuplexHelloCallback to receive the callback message. The imported callback contract is not the same name as the one in the service, due to the use of the Name property in the preceding example. Note that the client makes no assumptions about whether or when it might receive a callback; the server callback is entirely independent of the client's outbound call.

NoteNote

For an example that uses the OperationContext class in a client scenario, see OperationContextScope.

using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Channels;
using System.Threading;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  public class Client : SampleDuplexHelloCallback
  {
    AutoResetEvent waitHandle;

    public Client()
    {
      waitHandle = new AutoResetEvent(false);
    }

    public void Run()
    {
      // Picks up configuration from the config file.
      SampleDuplexHelloClient wcfClient 
        = new SampleDuplexHelloClient(new InstanceContext(this));
      try
      {
        Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.White;
        Console.WriteLine("Enter a greeting to send and press ENTER: ");
        Console.Write(">>> ");
        Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.Green;
        string greeting = Console.ReadLine();
        Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.White;
        Console.WriteLine("Called service with: \r\n\t" + greeting);
        wcfClient.Hello(greeting);
        Console.WriteLine("Execution passes service call and moves to the WaitHandle.");
        this.waitHandle.WaitOne();
        Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.Blue;
        Console.WriteLine("Set was called.");
        Console.Write("Press ");
        Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.Red;
        Console.Write("ENTER");
        Console.ForegroundColor = ConsoleColor.Blue;
        Console.Write(" to exit...");
        Console.ReadLine();
        wcfClient.Close();
      }
      catch (TimeoutException timeProblem)
      {
        Console.WriteLine("The service operation timed out. " + timeProblem.Message);
        Console.ReadLine();
        wcfClient.Abort();
      }
      catch (CommunicationException commProblem)
      {
        Console.WriteLine("There was a communication problem. " + commProblem.Message);
        Console.ReadLine();
        wcfClient.Abort();
      }
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
      Client client = new Client();
      client.Run();
    }

    public void Reply(string response)
    {
      Console.WriteLine("Received output.");
      Console.WriteLine("\r\n\t" + response);
      this.waitHandle.Set();
    }
  }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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