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GrammarBuilder Constructor

Initializes a new, empty instance of the GrammarBuilder class.

Namespace:  System.Speech.Recognition
Assembly:  System.Speech (in System.Speech.dll)

public GrammarBuilder()

To add rules to an existing GrammarBuilder object, use the Add, Append, AppendDictation, AppendRuleReference, and AppendWildcard methods, and the Addition operator.

Important noteImportant

The speech recognizer can throw an exception when using a speech recognition grammar that contains duplicate semantic elements with the same key name or multiple semantic elements that could repeatedly modify the value of the same semantic element. For more information about building a speech recognition grammar that contains semantic information, see Using SemanticResultKey and SemanticResultValue Objects.

The following example uses GrammarBuilder and Choices objects to construct a grammar that can recognize either of the two phrases, "Make background colorChoice" or "Set background to colorChoice".

The example uses a Choices object to create a list of acceptable values for colorChoice from an array of String objects. A Choices object is analogous to the one-of element in the SRGS specification, and contains a set of alternate phrases, any one of which can be recognized when spoken. The example also uses a Choices object to group an array of two GrammarBuilder objects into a pair of alternative phrases that the resultant grammar can recognize. Alternate words or phrases are a component of most grammars, and the Choices object provides this functionality for grammars constructed with GrammarBuilder.

The example finally creates a Grammar object from a GrammarBuilder constructed from a Choices object.

private Grammar CreateColorGrammar()
{

  // Create a set of color choices.
  Choices colorChoice = new Choices(new string[] {"red", "green", "blue"});
  GrammarBuilder colorElement = new GrammarBuilder(colorChoice);

  // Create grammar builders for the two versions of the phrase.
  GrammarBuilder makePhrase = new GrammarBuilder("Make background");
  makePhrase.Append(colorElement);
  GrammarBuilder setPhrase = new GrammarBuilder("Set background to");
  setPhrase.Append(colorElement);

  // Create a Choices for the two alternative phrases, convert the Choices
  // to a GrammarBuilder, and construct the Grammar object from the result.
  GrammarBuilder bothPhrases = new GrammarBuilder();
  Choices bothChoices = new Choices(new GrammarBuilder[] {makePhrase, setPhrase});
  bothPhrases.Append(bothChoices);
  Grammar grammar = new Grammar(bothPhrases);
  grammar.Name = "backgroundColor";
  return grammar;
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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