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How to: Determine all Audiences a User is a Member of in a Web

Last modified: January 27, 2010

Applies to: SharePoint Server 2010

This example shows you how to use the Audience object model to determine all the audiences a user is a member of in a given Web. Note that the results include all Microsoft Exchange distribution lists (DL), SharePoint groups, global audiences, and rules-based audiences.

The AudienceType enumeration represents the type of the audience to which a user belongs. The enumeration value can be:

  • DL

  • Global

  • SharePointGroup

Replace servername and other placeholder strings with actual values before using this example. Also add the following references to your Microsoft Visual Studio project:

  • Microsoft.Office.Server

  • Microsoft.Office.Server.UserProfiles

  • Microsoft.SharePoint

  • System.Web

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
using Microsoft.SharePoint.Administration;
using Microsoft.Office.Server.Audience;
using Microsoft.SharePoint;
using Microsoft.Office.Server;
using System.Web;
using System.Collections;

namespace AudienceConsoleApp
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                using (SPSite site = new SPSite("http://servername"))
                {
                    SPServiceContext context = SPServiceContext.GetContext(site);
                    AudienceManager AudMgr = new AudienceManager(context);
                    SPWeb web = site.AllWebs[0];

                    try
                    {
                        ArrayList audienceIDNames = AudMgr.GetUserAudienceIDs("domainname\\username", true, web);
                        ArrayList audienceNames = new ArrayList();


                        for (int i = 0; i < audienceIDNames.Count; i++)
                        {
                            AudienceNameID arrTemp = (AudienceNameID)audienceIDNames[i];
                            audienceNames.Add(arrTemp.AudienceName);
                            Console.WriteLine(audienceNames[i].ToString());
                        }
                        Console.Read();

                    }
                    catch (AudienceException e)
                    {
                        //Your exception handling code here
                    }
                }

            }


            catch (Exception exception)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(exception.ToString());
                Console.Read();
            }

        }
    }

}
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