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DECRYPTBYKEYAUTOASYMKEY (Transact-SQL)

Decrypts using a symmetric key that is automatically decrypted using an asymmetric key.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

DecryptByKeyAutoAsymKey ( akey_ID , akey_password 
    , { 'ciphertext' | @ciphertext }
  [ , { add_authenticator | @add_authenticator } 
  [ , { authenticator | @authenticator } ] ] )
akey_ID

Is the ID of the asymmetric key that is used to protect the symmetric key. akey_ID is int.

akey_password

Is the password that protects the private key of the asymmetric key. Can be NULL if the private key is protected by the database master key. akey_password is varchar.

'ciphertext'

Is the data that was encrypted with the key. ciphertext is varbinary.

@ciphertext

Is a variable of type varbinary that contains data that was encrypted with the key.

add_authenticator

Indicates whether an authenticator was encrypted together with the plaintext. Must be the same value that is passed to EncryptByKey when encrypting the data. Is 1 if an authenticator was used. add_authenticator is int.

@add_authenticator

Indicates whether an authenticator was encrypted together with the plaintext. Must be the same value that is passed to EncryptByKey when encrypting the data.

authenticator

Is the data from which to generate an authenticator. Must match the value that was supplied to EncryptByKey. authenticator is sysname.

@authenticator

Is a variable that contains data from which to generate an authenticator. Must match the value that was supplied to EncryptByKey.

varbinary with a maximum size of 8,000 bytes.

DecryptByKeyAutoAsymKey combines the functionality of OPEN SYMMETRIC KEY and DecryptByKey. In a single operation, it decrypts a symmetric key and uses that key to decrypt ciphertext.

Requires VIEW DEFINITION permission on the symmetric key and CONTROL permission on the asymmetric key.

The following example shows how DecryptByKeyAutoAsymKey can be used to simplify code that performs a decryption. This code should be run on an AdventureWorks2012 database that does not already have a database master key.

--Create the keys and certificate.
USE AdventureWorks2012;
CREATE MASTER KEY ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'mzkvdMlk979438teag$$ds987yghn)(*&4fdg^';
OPEN MASTER KEY DECRYPTION BY PASSWORD = 'mzkvdMlk979438teag$$ds987yghn)(*&4fdg^';
CREATE ASYMMETRIC KEY SSN_AKey 
    WITH ALGORITHM = RSA_2048 ; 
GO
CREATE SYMMETRIC KEY SSN_Key_02 WITH ALGORITHM = DES
    ENCRYPTION BY ASYMMETRIC KEY SSN_AKey;
GO
--
--Add a column of encrypted data.
ALTER TABLE HumanResources.Employee
    ADD EncryptedNationalIDNumber2 varbinary(128); 
OPEN SYMMETRIC KEY SSN_Key_02
   DECRYPTION BY ASYMMETRIC KEY SSN_AKey;
UPDATE HumanResources.Employee
SET EncryptedNationalIDNumber2
    = EncryptByKey(Key_GUID('SSN_Key_02'), NationalIDNumber);
GO
--Close the key used to encrypt the data.
CLOSE SYMMETRIC KEY SSN_Key_02;
--
--There are two ways to decrypt the stored data.
--
--OPTION ONE, using DecryptByKey()
--1. Open the symmetric key.
--2. Decrypt the data.
--3. Close the symmetric key.
OPEN SYMMETRIC KEY SSN_Key_02
   DECRYPTION BY ASYMMETRIC KEY SSN_AKey;
SELECT NationalIDNumber, EncryptedNationalIDNumber2  
    AS 'Encrypted ID Number',
    CONVERT(nvarchar, DecryptByKey(EncryptedNationalIDNumber2)) 
    AS 'Decrypted ID Number'
    FROM HumanResources.Employee;
CLOSE SYMMETRIC KEY SSN_Key_02;
--
--OPTION TWO, using DecryptByKeyAutoAsymKey()
SELECT NationalIDNumber, EncryptedNationalIDNumber2 
    AS 'Encrypted ID Number',
    CONVERT(nvarchar, DecryptByKeyAutoAsymKey ( AsymKey_ID('SSN_AKey') , NULL ,EncryptedNationalIDNumber2)) 
    AS 'Decrypted ID Number'
    FROM HumanResources.Employee;
GO
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