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normalize-space Function

Returns the argument string with the leading, trailing, and repeating white spaces stripped.


          string normalize-space(string)

White space is normalized by stripping leading and trailing white space and replacing sequences of white space characters with a single space. If the argument is omitted, the string-value of the context node is normalized and returned.

The following function call returns "abc def":

normalize-space(" abc def ")

If an argument is not of the type string, it is first converted to a string and then evaluated. See the example below.

If an argument is not of type string, it is first converted to a string using the string() function and then the result of that conversion is evaluated.

CautionCaution:
Stringconversions for node sets that are passed as arguments to this function may yield unexpected results. For more information, see string Function.

This function is case-sensitive.

The following example normalizes a block of text string with unnormalized white spaces (tabs, leading and trailing spaces, and multiple spaces between words. The text string is the value of an <text> element.

XML File (normSpace.xml)

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" 

href="normalizeSpace.xsl"?>      
<text>
	This is a
  test, with a   lot    of 
	irregular  spacing and
	waiting to be  	normalizaed.


</text>

XSLT File (normSpace.xsl)

<?xml version='1.0'?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"           
     xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">

  <xsl:output method="xml"   
       omit-xml-declaration="yes"/>

<xsl:template match="/text">
Unnormalized: 
"<xsl:value-of select='.'/>"
Normalized: "<xsl:value-of select='normalize-space()'/>"
</xsl:template>

</xsl:stylesheet>

This XSLT produces the following output:

Unormalized:

"

This is a

test, with a lot of

irregular spacing and

waiting to be normalizaed.

"

Normalized:

"This is a test, with a lot of irregular spacing and waiting to be normalized."




Build Date:

2012-08-02
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