Export (0) Print
Expand All

Analyze and report on code churn and code coverage using the code churn and run coverage perspectives

You can report on the software quality by using the Code Churn and Run Coverage perspectives from the SQL Server Analysis Services cube for Visual Studio Team Foundation Server. By using these perspectives, you can view just the measures, dimensions, and attributes that are associated with the changes in lines of codes and the extent to which code is covered in builds and test runs.

These perspectives are based on the relational tables that you can use to report on code changes and coverage as a property of the build, the build assembly or platform, the test run, or the changeset. For more information, see Code Churn tables and Run Coverage tables.

Code Churn Measure Group

By using the Code Churn perspective, you can create reports that answer the following questions:

  • How many files with a specific file name extension changed in a particular build?

  • How many lines of code are in the source base for a particular build?

  • Which changesets have been submitted, and what are the details of each change? (For example, who made the change, which files were changed, and on what date was the change made)?

Code Coverage Measure Group

By using the Run Coverage perspective, you can create reports that answer the following questions:

  • Which assemblies have the least test coverage?

  • Which test runs cover the most code?

  • Which architectures or build types have the most test coverage?

Note Note

If your data warehouse for Visual Studio Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) is using SQL Server Enterprise Edition, the list of cubes will include Team System and a set of perspectives. The perspectives provide a focused view of the data so that you do not have to scroll through all of the dimensions and measure groups in the whole Team System cube.

In this topic

By using a PivotChart report in Excel, you can create a trend report that displays the code churn over time, similar to the report that the following illustration shows.

Code Churn Report

The process templates for Microsoft Solutions Framework (MSF) Agile and CMMI provide the Code Churn report in Excel. For more information, see Code Churn Excel Report.

Pivot Fields for Code Churn Report

You can create a code churn report by performing the following steps:

  1. In Excel, connect to the SQL Server Analysis Services cube for Visual Studio Team Foundation Server, and insert a PivotChart report.

    For more information, see Create a Report in Microsoft Excel for Visual Studio ALM.

  2. Right-click the chart and then choose Change Chart Type, Area, Stacked Area.

  3. For each report filter, open the shortcut menu for each of the following fields, specify the hierarchies, weeks, or other elements of interest, and then drag the field to the Report Filter area.

    • Team Project Hierarchy from the Team Project dimension

    • Work Item.Iteration Hierarchy from the Work Item dimension

    • Work Item.Area Hierarchy from the Work Item dimension

    • Year Week Date from the Date dimension

  4. In the Date dimension, expand More fields, and drag the Date, Week, or Month fields to the Axis Fields (Categories) area based on how granular a report you want to generate.

  5. Drag the Lines Added, Lines Modified, and Lines Deleted fields from the Code Churn measure group to the Values area. You must drag each field separately.

Back to top

Code churn measures quantify how much change is occurring in your project. In general, high levels of churn indicate project instability. You should expect high rates of churn at the start of a product cycle or after the team has implemented many changes. Toward the end of an iteration or before a release, you should expect the level of churn to decrease, which indicates that your project is more stable.

The following table describes the measures in the Code Churn measure group. By using these measures, you can create reports that show how many file versions are stored in Team Foundation version control and how much the code has changed. You can analyze metrics by file directory, build, or team member who checked in changes, and you can determine how those metrics change over time.

For information about similar metrics that you can collect for builds, see Analyze and report on build details and build coverage using the Build perspective.

Measure

Description

Code Churn Count

The number of times that the team changed files in version control.

Lines Added

The number of lines of code that the team added to files for the dimensions that you specify.

Lines Deleted

The number of lines of code that the team deleted from files for the dimensions that you specify.

Lines Modified

The number of lines of code that the team modified during the time period that you specify.

Total Churn

Churn in the code, computed as: [Lines Added] + [Lines Deleted] + [Lines Modified].

Total Lines

The number of lines in the part of the file path hierarchy that you specify. You must also specify one or more builds to indicate the point or points at which to perform this calculation. If you do not specify one or more builds, NULL is returned. The number of lines is calculated by aggregating the lines added and lines deleted that have contributed to a specific combination of build type and operating system.

Tip Tip

The Total Lines measure can cause the OLAP query to timeout. If your report takes too long to render, consider shortening the changeset, build, test run, or date range.

Back to top

The following table describes the measures in the Run Coverage measure group. By using these measures, you can create reports that show the extent to which the code was covered by tests in a test run. For information about similar metrics that you can collect for builds, see Analyze and report on build details and build coverage using the Build perspective.

Measure

Description

Run Coverage

The number of test runs that have code coverage statistics associated with them.

Run Coverage Blocks Covered

The number of blocks that all tests in a run cover. However, coverage across the tests might overlap.

Run Coverage Blocks Not Covered

The number of blocks that are not covered by any tests in a run. However, coverage across the tests might overlap.

Run Coverage Lines Covered

The number of lines that all tests in a run cover. However, coverage across the tests might overlap.

Run Coverage Lines Not Covered

The number of lines that are not covered by any tests in a run. However, coverage across the tests might overlap.

Run Coverage Lines Partially Covered

The number of lines that tests in a run partially cover. However, coverage across the tests might overlap.

Back to top

The following table describes the dimensions and attributes in the Code Churn perspective. These attributes supplement the Team Project and Date shared dimensions, which Working with Shared Dimensions describes. You can aggregate the measures along each of these attributes.

Dimension

Attribute

Description

Build

Build Definition Name

The name that is assigned to the build definition for which a build was run.

Build ID

The number that is assigned to the build. Each time that a particular build definition is run, this attribute is incremented by 1.

Build Name

The name or expression that uniquely identifies a build. For more information, see Use build numbers to give meaningful names to completed builds.

Build Start Time

The date and time when the build started.

Build Type

The reason why the build was run. Build types are associated with the trigger that was defined for the build. Team Foundation Server supports the following types of builds: manual, continuous (triggered by every check-in), rolling (accumulate check-ins until the previous build finishes), gated check-in, and scheduled. For more information, see Specify build triggers and reasons.

Drop Location

The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) for the completed build. A URL specifies the protocol with which web browsers will locate Internet resources. Each URL includes the name of the server on which the details of the build reside. You can also include the path to a resource.

Version Control Changeset

Changeset ID

The number that is assigned to the changeset that included the file changes.

Checked In By

The user name of the team member who checked in the changeset.

Description

The check-in comment that is associated with the changeset.

Policy Override Comment

The comment that is provided when a policy is overridden. If a policy was not overridden with this changeset, this field is null.

Version Control File

Version Control File.File Hierarchy

The full network path of the source file.

Version Control File.File Extension

The extension of the name of the source file.

Work Item

Work Item Type and more

For more information, see Analyze and report on work items and test case data using the Work Item perspective.

Back to top

The following table describes the dimensions and attributes in the Run Coverage perspective. These attributes supplement the Team Project and Date shared dimensions that Working with Shared Dimensions describes later in this topic. You can aggregate the measures along each of these attributes.

Note Note

Before you can use the Assembly or Build Flavor attributes, the test team must specify them and publish the test results to the data store for Team Foundation Server. For more information, see Required activities later in this topic.

Dimension

Attribute

Description

Assembly

Assembly

(Published test results only) The name of the code of the application that is tested as part of the build. For more information, see Run tests in your build process.

Build

Build Definition Name

The name that is assigned to the build definition for which a build was run.

Build ID

The number that is assigned to the build. Each time that a particular build definition is run, the Build ID is incremented by 1.

Build Name

The name or expression that uniquely identifies a build. For more information, see Use build numbers to give meaningful names to completed builds.

Build Start Time

Date and time when the build started.

Build Type

The reason why the build was run. Build types are associated with the trigger that was defined for the build. Team Foundation Server supports the following types of builds: manual, continuous (triggered by every check-in), rolling (accumulate check-ins until the previous build finishes), gated check-in, and scheduled. For more information, see Specify build triggers and reasons.

Drop Location

The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) for the completed build. A URL specifies the protocol with which web browsers will locate Internet resources. The URL also includes the name of the server on which the resource resides. You can also specify the path to a resource.

Build Flavor

Build Flavor

(Published test results only) A name that designates the category that is assigned to a set of completed builds that were published as part of a test run. For example, you can use a build flavor to designate a beta release or final release.

Build Platform

Build Platform

(Published test results only) The name of the machine platform for which an end-to-end (not desktop) build was made and that was published as part of a test run (for example, x86 or Any CPU). For an example of a report that uses this attribute, see Build Summary Report.

Test Run

Complete Date Hierarchy by Month or by Week

Creation Date Hierarchy by Month or by Week

Date dimensions that are based on the date when the test run was created and finished. For more information, see Shared dimensions in the Analysis Services Cube.

Back to top

To create reports that contain code churn and code coverage data, team members should review the information in the following topics:

Back to top

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft