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How to: Create an MDI Form with Menu Merging and ToolStrip Controls

The following code example demonstrates how to use ToolStripPanel controls with an MDI form. The form also supports menu merging with child menus.


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace MdiFormCS
{
    // This code example demonstrates an MDI form 
    // that supports menu merging and moveable 
    // ToolStrip controls
    public class Form1 : Form
    {
        private MenuStrip menuStrip1;
        private ToolStripMenuItem toolStripMenuItem1;
        private ToolStripMenuItem newToolStripMenuItem;
        private ToolStripPanel toolStripPanel1;
        private ToolStrip toolStrip1;
        private ToolStripPanel toolStripPanel2;
        private ToolStrip toolStrip2;
        private ToolStripPanel toolStripPanel3;
        private ToolStrip toolStrip3;
        private ToolStripPanel toolStripPanel4;
        private ToolStrip toolStrip4;

        private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;

        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }
        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (disposing && (components != null))
            {
                components.Dispose();
            }
            base.Dispose(disposing);
        }

        // This method creates a new ChildForm instance 
        // and attaches it to the MDI parent form.
        private void newToolStripMenuItem_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            ChildForm f = new ChildForm();
            f.MdiParent = this;
            f.Text = "Form - " + this.MdiChildren.Length.ToString();
            f.Show();
        }

        #region Windows Form Designer generated code

        private void InitializeComponent()
        {
            this.menuStrip1 = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuStrip();
            this.toolStripMenuItem1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem();
            this.newToolStripMenuItem = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem();
            this.toolStripPanel1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripPanel();
            this.toolStrip1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStrip();
            this.toolStripPanel2 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripPanel();
            this.toolStrip2 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStrip();
            this.toolStripPanel3 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripPanel();
            this.toolStrip3 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStrip();
            this.toolStripPanel4 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripPanel();
            this.toolStrip4 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStrip();
            this.menuStrip1.SuspendLayout();
            this.toolStripPanel1.SuspendLayout();
            this.toolStripPanel2.SuspendLayout();
            this.toolStripPanel3.SuspendLayout();
            this.toolStripPanel4.SuspendLayout();
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // 
            // menuStrip1
            // 
            this.menuStrip1.Items.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripItem[] {
            this.toolStripMenuItem1});
            this.menuStrip1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 0);
            this.menuStrip1.MdiWindowListItem = this.toolStripMenuItem1;
            this.menuStrip1.Name = "menuStrip1";
            this.menuStrip1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 24);
            this.menuStrip1.TabIndex = 0;
            this.menuStrip1.Text = "menuStrip1";
            // 
            // toolStripMenuItem1
            // 
            this.toolStripMenuItem1.DropDownItems.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripItem[] {
            this.newToolStripMenuItem});
            this.toolStripMenuItem1.Name = "toolStripMenuItem1";
            this.toolStripMenuItem1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(57, 20);
            this.toolStripMenuItem1.Text = "Window";
            // 
            // newToolStripMenuItem
            // 
            this.newToolStripMenuItem.Name = "newToolStripMenuItem";
            this.newToolStripMenuItem.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(106, 22);
            this.newToolStripMenuItem.Text = "New";
            this.newToolStripMenuItem.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.newToolStripMenuItem_Click);
            // 
            // toolStripPanel1
            // 
            this.toolStripPanel1.Controls.Add(this.toolStrip1);
            this.toolStripPanel1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Left;
            this.toolStripPanel1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 49);
            this.toolStripPanel1.Name = "toolStripPanel1";
            this.toolStripPanel1.Orientation = System.Windows.Forms.Orientation.Vertical;
            this.toolStripPanel1.RowMargin = new System.Windows.Forms.Padding(0, 3, 0, 0);
            this.toolStripPanel1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(26, 199);
            // 
            // toolStrip1
            // 
            this.toolStrip1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.None;
            this.toolStrip1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 3);
            this.toolStrip1.Name = "toolStrip1";
            this.toolStrip1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(26, 109);
            this.toolStrip1.TabIndex = 0;
            // 
            // toolStripPanel2
            // 
            this.toolStripPanel2.Controls.Add(this.toolStrip2);
            this.toolStripPanel2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Top;
            this.toolStripPanel2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 24);
            this.toolStripPanel2.Name = "toolStripPanel2";
            this.toolStripPanel2.Orientation = System.Windows.Forms.Orientation.Horizontal;
            this.toolStripPanel2.RowMargin = new System.Windows.Forms.Padding(3, 0, 0, 0);
            this.toolStripPanel2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 25);
            // 
            // toolStrip2
            // 
            this.toolStrip2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.None;
            this.toolStrip2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(3, 0);
            this.toolStrip2.Name = "toolStrip2";
            this.toolStrip2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(109, 25);
            this.toolStrip2.TabIndex = 0;
            // 
            // toolStripPanel3
            // 
            this.toolStripPanel3.Controls.Add(this.toolStrip3);
            this.toolStripPanel3.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right;
            this.toolStripPanel3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(266, 49);
            this.toolStripPanel3.Name = "toolStripPanel3";
            this.toolStripPanel3.Orientation = System.Windows.Forms.Orientation.Vertical;
            this.toolStripPanel3.RowMargin = new System.Windows.Forms.Padding(0, 3, 0, 0);
            this.toolStripPanel3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(26, 199);
            // 
            // toolStrip3
            // 
            this.toolStrip3.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.None;
            this.toolStrip3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 3);
            this.toolStrip3.Name = "toolStrip3";
            this.toolStrip3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(26, 109);
            this.toolStrip3.TabIndex = 0;
            // 
            // toolStripPanel4
            // 
            this.toolStripPanel4.Controls.Add(this.toolStrip4);
            this.toolStripPanel4.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Bottom;
            this.toolStripPanel4.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 248);
            this.toolStripPanel4.Name = "toolStripPanel4";
            this.toolStripPanel4.Orientation = System.Windows.Forms.Orientation.Horizontal;
            this.toolStripPanel4.RowMargin = new System.Windows.Forms.Padding(3, 0, 0, 0);
            this.toolStripPanel4.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 25);
            // 
            // toolStrip4
            // 
            this.toolStrip4.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.None;
            this.toolStrip4.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(3, 0);
            this.toolStrip4.Name = "toolStrip4";
            this.toolStrip4.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(109, 25);
            this.toolStrip4.TabIndex = 0;
            // 
            // Form1
            // 
            this.AutoScaleDimensions = new System.Drawing.SizeF(6F, 13F);
            this.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.Font;
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 273);
            this.Controls.Add(this.toolStripPanel3);
            this.Controls.Add(this.toolStripPanel1);
            this.Controls.Add(this.toolStripPanel2);
            this.Controls.Add(this.menuStrip1);
            this.Controls.Add(this.toolStripPanel4);
            this.IsMdiContainer = true;
            this.MainMenuStrip = this.menuStrip1;
            this.Name = "Form1";
            this.Text = "Form1";
            this.menuStrip1.ResumeLayout(false);
            this.menuStrip1.PerformLayout();
            this.toolStripPanel1.ResumeLayout(false);
            this.toolStripPanel1.PerformLayout();
            this.toolStripPanel2.ResumeLayout(false);
            this.toolStripPanel2.PerformLayout();
            this.toolStripPanel3.ResumeLayout(false);
            this.toolStripPanel3.PerformLayout();
            this.toolStripPanel4.ResumeLayout(false);
            this.toolStripPanel4.PerformLayout();
            this.ResumeLayout(false);
            this.PerformLayout();

        }

        #endregion
    }

    public class ChildForm : Form
    {
        private System.Windows.Forms.MenuStrip menuStrip1;
        private System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem toolStripMenuItem1;
        private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;

        public ChildForm()
        {
            InitializeComponent();
        }

        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (disposing && (components != null))
            {
                components.Dispose();
            }
            base.Dispose(disposing);
        }

        #region Windows Form Designer generated code

        private void InitializeComponent()
        {
            this.menuStrip1 = new System.Windows.Forms.MenuStrip();
            this.toolStripMenuItem1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripMenuItem();
            this.menuStrip1.SuspendLayout();
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // 
            // menuStrip1
            // 
            this.menuStrip1.Items.AddRange(new System.Windows.Forms.ToolStripItem[] {
            this.toolStripMenuItem1});
            this.menuStrip1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(0, 0);
            this.menuStrip1.Name = "menuStrip1";
            this.menuStrip1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 24);
            this.menuStrip1.TabIndex = 0;
            this.menuStrip1.Text = "menuStrip1";
            // 
            // toolStripMenuItem1
            // 
            this.toolStripMenuItem1.Name = "toolStripMenuItem1";
            this.toolStripMenuItem1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(90, 20);
            this.toolStripMenuItem1.Text = "ChildMenuItem";
            // 
            // ChildForm
            // 
            this.AutoScaleDimensions = new System.Drawing.SizeF(6F, 13F);
            this.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.Font;
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 273);
            this.Controls.Add(this.menuStrip1);
            this.MainMenuStrip = this.menuStrip1;
            this.Name = "ChildForm";
            this.Text = "ChildForm";
            this.menuStrip1.ResumeLayout(false);
            this.menuStrip1.PerformLayout();
            this.ResumeLayout(false);
            this.PerformLayout();

        }

        #endregion
    }

    static class Program
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// The main entry point for the application.
        /// </summary>
        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }
    }
}


This code example requires:

  • References to the System.Drawing and System.Windows.Forms assemblies.

For information about building this example from the command line for Visual Basic or Visual C#, see Building from the Command Line (Visual Basic) or Command-line Building With csc.exe. You can also build this example in Visual Studio by pasting the code into a new project. For more information, see How to: Compile and Run a Complete Windows Forms Code Example Using Visual Studio and How to: Compile and Run a Complete Windows Forms Code Example Using Visual Studio and How to: Compile and Run a Complete Windows Forms Code Example Using Visual Studio and How to: Compile and Run a Complete Windows Forms Code Example Using Visual Studio and How to: Compile and Run a Complete Windows Forms Code Example Using Visual Studio.

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