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String.IndexOf Method (String, Int32, Int32, StringComparison)

Reports the zero-based index of the first occurrence of the specified string in the current String object. Parameters specify the starting search position in the current string, the number of characters in the current string to search, and the type of search to use for the specified string.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
member IndexOf : 
        value:string * 
        startIndex:int * 
        count:int * 
        comparisonType:StringComparison -> int

Parameters

value
Type: System.String

The string to seek.

startIndex
Type: System.Int32

The search starting position.

count
Type: System.Int32

The number of character positions to examine.

comparisonType
Type: System.StringComparison

One of the enumeration values that specifies the rules for the search.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The zero-based index position of the value parameter if that string is found, or -1 if it is not. If value is Empty, the return value is startIndex.
ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

value is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

count or startIndex is negative.

-or-

startIndex is greater than the length of this instance.

-or-

count is greater than the length of this string minus startIndex.

ArgumentException

comparisonType is not a valid System.StringComparison value.

Index numbering starts from 0 (zero). The startIndex parameter can range from 0 to the length of the string instance.

The search begins at startIndex and continues to startIndex + count -1. The character at startIndex + count is not included in the search.

The comparisonType parameter specifies to search for the value parameter using the current or invariant culture, using a case-sensitive or case-insensitive search, and using word or ordinal comparison rules.

Notes to Callers

Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive comparison. In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if comparisonType is not StringComparison.Ordinal or StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32, StringComparison) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Int32, Int32, StringComparison) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting in the third through sixth character positions in two strings. Only one of the strings contains the required substring. If the example is run on the .NET Framework 4 or later, in both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. When it performs an ordinal comparison, however, it finds the substring only in the first string. Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m" when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. The method returns the index of the soft hyphen in the first string only when it performs an ordinal comparison.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

The following example demonstrates three overloads of the IndexOf method that find the first occurrence of a string within another string using different values of the StringComparison enumeration.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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