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local-name Function (XQuery)

Returns the local part of the name of $arg as an xs:string that will either be the zero-length string or will have the lexical form of an xs:NCName. If the argument is not provided, the default is the context node.

fn:local-name() as xs:string
fn:local-name($arg as node()?) as xs:string

$arg

Node name whose local-name part will be retrieved.

  • In SQL Server, fn:local-name() without an argument can only be used in the context of a context-dependent predicate. Specifically, it can only be used inside brackets ([ ]).

  • If the argument is supplied and is the empty sequence, the function returns the zero-length string.

  • If the target node has no name, because it is a document node, a comment, or a text node, the function returns the zero-length string.

This topic provides XQuery examples against XML instances that are stored in various xml type columns in the AdventureWorks database.

A. Retrieve local name of a specific node

The following query is specified against an untyped XML instance. The query expression, local-name(/ROOT[1]), retrieves the local name part of the specified node.

declare @x xml
set @x='<ROOT><a>111</a></ROOT>'
SELECT @x.query('local-name(/ROOT[1])')
-- result = ROOT

The following query is specified against the Instructions column, a typed xml column, of the ProductModel table. The expression, local-name(/AWMI:root[1]/AWMI:Location[1]), returns the local name, Location, of the specified node.

SELECT Instructions.query('
declare namespace AWMI="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/07/adventure-works/ProductModelManuInstructions" ;
     local-name(/AWMI:root[1]/AWMI:Location[1])') as Result
FROM Production.ProductModel
WHERE ProductModelID=7
-- result = Location

B. Using local-name without argument in a predicate

The following query is specified against the Instructions column, typed xml column, of the ProductModel table. The expression returns all the element children of the <root> element whose local name part of the QName is "Location". The local-name() function is specifed in the predicate and it has no arguments The context node is used by the function.

SELECT Instructions.query('
declare namespace AWMI="http://schemas.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2004/07/adventure-works/ProductModelManuInstructions" ;
  /AWMI:root//*[local-name() = "Location"]') as Result
FROM Production.ProductModel
WHERE ProductModelID=7

The query returns all the <Location> element children of the <root> element.

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