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LEN (Transact-SQL)

Returns the number of characters of the specified string expression, excluding trailing blanks.

Note Note

To return the number of bytes used to represent an expression, use the DATALENGTH function.

Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version), Azure SQL Database.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

LEN ( string_expression )

string_expression

Is the string expression to be evaluated. string_expression can be a constant, variable, or column of either character or binary data.

bigint if expression is of the varchar(max), nvarchar(max) or varbinary(max) data types; otherwise, int.

If you are using SC collations, the returned integer value counts UTF-16 surrogate pairs as a single character. For more information, see Collation and Unicode Support.

The following example selects the number of characters and the data in FirstName for people located in Australia. This example uses the AdventureWorks2012 database.

SELECT LEN(FirstName) AS Length, FirstName, LastName 
FROM Sales.vIndividualCustomer
WHERE CountryRegionName = 'Australia';
GO

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