Export (0) Print
Expand All
Expand Minimize
7 out of 12 rated this helpful - Rate this topic

ALTER LOGIN (Transact-SQL)

Changes the properties of a SQL Server login account.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions

ALTER LOGIN login_name 
    { 
    <status_option> 
    | WITH <set_option> [ ,... ]
    | <cryptographic_credential_option>
    } 

<status_option> ::= 
        ENABLE | DISABLE

<set_option> ::=            
    PASSWORD = 'password' | hashed_password HASHED
    [ 
      OLD_PASSWORD = 'oldpassword'
      | <password_option> [<password_option> ] 
    ]
    | DEFAULT_DATABASE = database
    | DEFAULT_LANGUAGE = language
    | NAME = login_name
    | CHECK_POLICY = { ON | OFF }
    | CHECK_EXPIRATION = { ON | OFF }
    | CREDENTIAL = credential_name
    | NO CREDENTIAL
 
<password_option> ::= 
    MUST_CHANGE | UNLOCK
<cryptographic_credentials_option> ::= 
         ADD CREDENTIAL credential_name
          | DROP CREDENTIAL credential_name
login_name

Specifies the name of the SQL Server login that is being changed. Domain logins must be enclosed in brackets in the format [domain\user].

ENABLE | DISABLE

Enables or disables this login. Disabling a login does not affect the behavior of logins that are already connected. Disabled logins retain their permissions and can still be impersonated.

PASSWORD ='password'

Applies only to SQL Server logins. Specifies the password for the login that is being changed. Passwords are case-sensitive.

PASSWORD =hashed_password

Applies to the HASHED keyword only. Specifies the hashed value of the password for the login that is being created.

HASHED

Applies to SQL Server logins only. Specifies that the password entered after the PASSWORD argument is already hashed. If this option is not selected, the password is hashed before being stored in the database. This option should only be used for login synchronization between two servers. Do not use the HASHED option to routinely change passwords.

OLD_PASSWORD ='oldpassword'

Applies only to SQL Server logins. The current password of the login to which a new password will be assigned. Passwords are case-sensitive.

MUST_CHANGE

Applies only to SQL Server logins. If this option is included, SQL Server will prompt for an updated password the first time the altered login is used.

DEFAULT_DATABASE =database

Specifies a default database to be assigned to the login.

DEFAULT_LANGUAGE =language

Specifies a default language to be assigned to the login.

NAME = login_name

The new name of the login that is being renamed. If this is a Windows login, the SID of the Windows principal corresponding to the new name must match the SID associated with the login in SQL Server. The new name of a SQL Server login cannot contain a backslash character (\).

CHECK_EXPIRATION = { ON | OFF }

Applies only to SQL Server logins. Specifies whether password expiration policy should be enforced on this login. The default value is OFF.

CHECK_POLICY = { ON | OFF }

Applies only to SQL Server logins. Specifies that the Windows password policies of the computer on which SQL Server is running should be enforced on this login. The default value is ON.

CREDENTIAL = credential_name

The name of a credential to be mapped to a SQL Server login. The credential must already exist in the server. For more information see Credentials (Database Engine). A credential cannot be mapped to the sa login.

NO CREDENTIAL

Removes any existing mapping of the login to a server credential. For more information see Credentials (Database Engine).

UNLOCK

Applies only to SQL Server logins. Specifies that a login that is locked out should be unlocked.

ADD CREDENTIAL

Adds an Extensible Key Management (EKM) provider credential to the login. For more information, see Extensible Key Management (EKM).

DROP CREDENTIAL

Removes an Extensible Key Management (EKM) provider credential to the login. For more information see Extensible Key Management (EKM).

When CHECK_POLICY is set to ON, the HASHED argument cannot be used.

When CHECK_POLICY is changed to ON, the following behavior occurs:

  • The password history is initialized with the value of the current password hash.

When CHECK_POLICY is changed to OFF, the following behavior occurs:

  • CHECK_EXPIRATION is also set to OFF.

  • The password history is cleared.

  • The value of lockout_time is reset.

If MUST_CHANGE is specified, CHECK_EXPIRATION and CHECK_POLICY must be set to ON. Otherwise, the statement will fail.

If CHECK_POLICY is set to OFF, CHECK_EXPIRATION cannot be set to ON. An ALTER LOGIN statement that has this combination of options will fail.

You cannot use ALTER_LOGIN with the DISABLE argument to deny access to a Windows group. For example, ALTER_LOGIN [domain\group] DISABLE will return the following error message:

"Msg 15151, Level 16, State 1, Line 1

"Cannot alter the login 'Domain\Group', because it does not exist or you do not have permission."

This is by design.

Requires ALTER ANY LOGIN permission.

If the CREDENTIAL option is used, also requires ALTER ANY CREDENTIAL permission.

If the login that is being changed is a member of the sysadmin fixed server role or a grantee of CONTROL SERVER permission, also requires CONTROL SERVER permission when making the following changes:

  • Resetting the password without supplying the old password.

  • Enabling MUST_CHANGE, CHECK_POLICY, or CHECK_EXPIRATION.

  • Changing the login name.

  • Enabling or disabling the login.

  • Mapping the login to a different credential.

A principal can change the password, default language, and default database for its own login.

A. Enabling a disabled login

The following example enables the login Mary5.

ALTER LOGIN Mary5 ENABLE;

B. Changing the password of a login

The following example changes the password of login Mary5 to a strong password.

ALTER LOGIN Mary5 WITH PASSWORD = '<enterStrongPasswordHere>';

C. Changing the name of a login

The following example changes the name of login Mary5 to John2.

ALTER LOGIN Mary5 WITH NAME = John2;

D. Mapping a login to a credential

The following example maps the login John2 to the credential Custodian04.

ALTER LOGIN John2 WITH CREDENTIAL = Custodian04;

E. Mapping a login to an Extensible Key Management credential

The following example maps the login Mary5 to the EKM credential EKMProvider1.

ALTER LOGIN Mary5
ADD CREDENTIAL EKMProvider1;
GO

F. Unlocking a login

To unlock a SQL Server login, execute the following statement, replacing **** with the desired account password.

ALTER LOGIN [Mary5] WITH PASSWORD = '****' UNLOCK ;
GO

To unlock a login without changing the password, turn the check policy off and then on again.

ALTER LOGIN [Mary5] WITH CHECK_POLICY = OFF;
ALTER LOGIN [Mary5] WITH CHECK_POLICY = ON;
GO

G. Changing the password of a login using HASHED

The following example changes the password of the TestUser login to an already hashed value.

ALTER LOGIN TestUser WITH 
PASSWORD = 0x01000CF35567C60BFB41EBDE4CF700A985A13D773D6B45B90900 HASHED ;
GO

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.