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CA1408: Do not use AutoDual ClassInterfaceType

TypeName

DoNotUseAutoDualClassInterfaceType

CheckId

CA1408

Category

Microsoft.Interoperability

Breaking Change

Breaking

A Component Object Model (COM) visible type is marked with the ClassInterfaceAttribute attribute set to the AutoDual value of ClassInterfaceType.

Types that use a dual interface enable clients to bind to a specific interface layout. Any changes in a future version to the layout of the type or any base types will break COM clients that bind to the interface. By default, if the ClassInterfaceAttribute attribute is not specified, a dispatch-only interface is used.

Unless marked otherwise, all public nongeneric types are visible to COM; all nonpublic and generic types are invisible to COM.

To fix a violation of this rule, change the value of the ClassInterfaceAttribute attribute to the None value of ClassInterfaceType and explicitly define the interface.

Do not suppress a warning from this rule unless it is certain that the layout of the type and its base types will not change in a future version.

The following example shows a class that violates the rule and a re-declaration of the class to use an explicit interface.

using System;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

[assembly: ComVisible(true)]
namespace InteroperabilityLibrary
{
   // This violates the rule.
   [ClassInterface(ClassInterfaceType.AutoDual)]
   public class DualInterface
   {
      public void SomeMethod() {}
   }

   public interface IExplicitInterface
   {
      void SomeMethod();
   }

   [ClassInterface(ClassInterfaceType.None)]
   public class ExplicitInterface : IExplicitInterface
   {
      public void SomeMethod() {}
   }
}
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