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UPDATE (Transact-SQL)

Changes existing data in a table or view.

Topic link icon Transact-SQL Syntax Conventions


[ WITH <common_table_expression> [...n] ]
UPDATE 
    [ TOP ( expression ) [ PERCENT ] ] 
    { <object> | rowset_function_limited 
     [ WITH ( <Table_Hint_Limited> [ ...n ] ) ]
    }
    SET 
        { column_name = { expression | DEFAULT | NULL }
          | { udt_column_name.{ { property_name = expression 
                                | field_name = expression } 
                               | method_name ( argument [ ,...n ] ) 
                              } 
            }
          | column_name { .WRITE ( expression , @Offset , @Length ) }
          | @variable = expression 
          | @variable = column = expression [ ,...n ] 
        } [ ,...n ] 
    [ <OUTPUT Clause> ]
    [ FROM{ <table_source> } [ ,...n ] ] 
    [ WHERE { <search_condition> 
            | { [ CURRENT OF 
                  { { [ GLOBAL ] cursor_name } 
                      | cursor_variable_name 
                  } 
                ]
              }
            } 
    ] 
    [ OPTION ( <query_hint> [ ,...n ] ) ]
[ ; ]

<object> ::=
{ 
    [ server_name . database_name . schema_name . 
    | database_name .[ schema_name ] . 
    | schema_name .
    ]
        table_or_view_name}

WITH <common_table_expression>

Specifies the temporary named result set or view, also known as common table expression (CTE), defined within the scope of the UPDATE statement. The CTE result set is derived from a simple query and is referenced by UPDATE statement.

Common table expressions can also be used with the SELECT, INSERT, DELETE, and CREATE VIEW statements. For more information, see WITH common_table_expression (Transact-SQL).

TOP ( expression ) [ PERCENT ]

Specifies the number or percent of rows that will be updated. expression can be either a number or a percent of the rows.

The rows referenced in the TOP expression used with INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE are not arranged in any order.

Parentheses delimiting expression in TOP are required in INSERT, UPDATE, and DELETE statements. For more information, see TOP (Transact-SQL).

server_name

Is the name of the server (using a linked server name or the OPENDATASOURCE function as the server name) on which the table or view is located. If server_name is specified, database_name and schema_name are required.

database_name

Is the name of the database.

schema_name

Is the name of the schema to which the table or view belongs.

table_or view_name

Is the name of the table or view from which the rows are to be updated.

A table variable, within its scope, can be used as a table source in an UPDATE statement.

The view referenced by table_or_view_name must be updatable and reference exactly one base table in the FROM clause of the view. For more information about updatable views, see CREATE VIEW (Transact-SQL).

rowset_function_limited

Is either the OPENQUERY or OPENROWSET function, subject to provider capabilities. For more information about capabilities needed by the provider, see UPDATE and DELETE Requirements for OLE DB Providers.

WITH ( <Table_Hint_Limited> )

Specifies one or more table hints that are allowed for a target table. The WITH keyword and the parentheses are required. NOLOCK and READUNCOMMITTED are not allowed. For information about table hints, see Table Hint (Transact-SQL).

SET

Specifies the list of column or variable names to be updated.

column_name

Is a column that contains the data to be changed. column_name must exist in table_or view_name. Identity columns cannot be updated.

expression

Is a variable, literal value, expression, or a subselect statement (enclosed with parentheses) that returns a single value. The value returned by expression replaces the existing value in column_name or @variable.

DEFAULT

Specifies that the default value defined for the column is to replace the existing value in the column. This can also be used to change the column to NULL if the column has no default and is defined to allow null values.

udt_column_name

Is a user-defined type column.

property_name | field_name

Is a public property or public data member of a user-defined type.

method_name ( argument [ ,... n] )

Is a nonstatic public mutator method of udt_column_name that takes one or more arguments.

.WRITE ( expression, @Offset , @Length )

Specifies that a section of the value of column_name is to be modified. expression replaces @Length units starting from @Offset of column_name. Only columns of varchar(max), nvarchar(max), or varbinary(max) can be specified with this clause. column_name cannot be NULL and cannot be qualified with a table name or table alias.

expression is the value that is copied to column_name. expression must evaluate to or be able to be implicitly cast to the column_name type. If expression is set to NULL, @Length is ignored, and the value in column_name is truncated at the specified @Offset.

@Offset is the starting point in the value of column_name at which expression is written. @Offset is a zero-based ordinal position, is bigint, and cannot be a negative number. If @Offset is NULL, the update operation appends expression at the end of the existing column_name value and @Length is ignored. If @Offset is greater than the length of the column_name value, the Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Database Engine returns an error. If @Offset plus @Length exceeds the end of the underlying value in the column, the deletion occurs up to the last character of the value. If @Offset plus LEN(expression) is greater than the underlying declared size, an error is raised.

@Length is the length of the section in the column, starting from @Offset, that is replaced by expression. @Length is bigint and cannot be a negative number. If @Length is NULL, the update operation removes all data from @Offset to the end of the column_name value.

For more information, see Remarks.

@ variable

Is a declared variable that is set to the value returned by expression.

SET @variable = column = expression sets the variable to the same value as the column. This differs from SET @variable = column, column = expression, which sets the variable to the pre-update value of the column.

<OUTPUT_Clause>

Returns updated data or expressions based on it as part of the UPDATE operation. The OUTPUT clause is not supported in any DML statements that target remote tables or views. For more information, see OUTPUT Clause (Transact-SQL).

FROM <table_source>

Specifies that a table, view, or derived table source is used to provide the criteria for the update operation. For more information, see FROM (Transact-SQL).

If the object being updated is the same as the object in the FROM clause and there is only one reference to the object in the FROM clause, an object alias may or may not be specified. If the object being updated appears more than one time in the FROM clause, one, and only one, reference to the object must not specify a table alias. All other references to the object in the FROM clause must include an object alias.

A view with an INSTEAD OF UPDATE trigger cannot be a target of an UPDATE with a FROM clause.

WHERE

Specifies the conditions that limit the rows that are updated. There are two forms of update based on which form of the WHERE clause is used:

  • Searched updates specify a search condition to qualify the rows to delete.
  • Positioned updates use the CURRENT OF clause to specify a cursor. The update operation occurs at the current position of the cursor.
<search_condition>

Specifies the condition to be met for the rows to be updated. The search condition can also be the condition upon which a join is based. There is no limit to the number of predicates that can be included in a search condition. For more information about predicates and search conditions, see Search Condition (Transact-SQL).

CURRENT OF

Specifies that the update is performed at the current position of the specified cursor.

GLOBAL

Specifies that cursor_name refers to a global cursor.

cursor_name

Is the name of the open cursor from which the fetch should be made. If both a global and a local cursor with the name cursor_name exist, this argument refers to the global cursor if GLOBAL is specified; otherwise, it refers to the local cursor. The cursor must allow updates.

cursor_variable_name

Is the name of a cursor variable. cursor_variable_name must reference a cursor that allows updates.

OPTION ( <query_hint> [ ,... n ] )

Specifies that optimizer hints are used to customize the way the Database Engine processes the statement. For more information, see Query Hint (Transact-SQL).

The UPDATE statement is logged; however, partial updates to large value data types using the .WRITE clause are minimally logged. For more information, see "Updating Large Value Data Types" that follows.

UPDATE statements are allowed in the body of user-defined functions only if the table being modified is a table variable.

If an update to a row violates a constraint or rule, violates the NULL setting for the column, or the new value is an incompatible data type, the statement is canceled, an error is returned, and no records are updated.

When an UPDATE statement encounters an arithmetic error (overflow, divide by zero, or a domain error) during expression evaluation, the update is not performed. The rest of the batch is not executed, and an error message is returned.

If an update to a column or columns participating in a clustered index causes the size of the clustered index and the row to exceed 8,060 bytes, the update fails and an error message is returned.

If the UPDATE statement could change more than one row while updating both the clustering key and one or more text, ntext, or image columns, the partial update to these columns is executed as a full replacement of the values.

All char and nchar columns are right-padded to the defined length.

The setting of the SET ROWCOUNT option is ignored for UPDATE statements against remote tables and local and remote partitioned views.

If ANSI_PADDING is set to OFF, all trailing spaces are removed from data inserted into varchar and nvarchar columns, except in strings that contain only spaces. These strings are truncated to an empty string. If ANSI_PADDING is set to ON, trailing spaces are inserted. The Microsoft SQL Server ODBC driver and OLE DB Provider for SQL Server automatically set ANSI_PADDING ON for each connection. This can be configured in ODBC data sources or by setting connection attributes or properties. For more information, see SET ANSI_PADDING (Transact-SQL).

A positioned update using a WHERE CURRENT OF clause updates the single row at the current position of the cursor. This can be more accurate than a searched update that uses a WHERE <search_condition> clause to qualify the rows to be updated. A searched update modifies multiple rows when the search condition does not uniquely identify a single row.

Using UPDATE with the FROM Clause

The results of an UPDATE statement are undefined if the statement includes a FROM clause that is not specified in such a way that only one value is available for each column occurrence that is updated, that is if the UPDATE statement is not deterministic. For example, in the UPDATE statement in the following script, both rows in Table1 meet the qualifications of the FROM clause in the UPDATE statement; but it is undefined which row from Table1 is used to update the row in Table2.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
IF OBJECT_ID ('dbo.Table1', 'U') IS NOT NULL
    DROP TABLE dbo.Table1;
GO
IF OBJECT_ID ('dbo.Table2', 'U') IS NOT NULL
    DROP TABLE dbo.Table2;
GO
CREATE TABLE dbo.Table1 
    (ColA int NOT NULL, ColB decimal(10,3) NOT NULL);
GO
CREATE TABLE dbo.Table2 
    (ColA int PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL, ColB decimal(10,3) NOT NULL);
GO
INSERT INTO dbo.Table1 VALUES(1, 10.0);
INSERT INTO dbo.Table1 VALUES(1, 20.0);
INSERT INTO dbo.Table2 VALUES(1, 0.0);
GO
UPDATE dbo.Table2 
SET dbo.Table2.ColB = dbo.Table2.ColB + dbo.Table1.ColB
FROM dbo.Table2 
    INNER JOIN dbo.Table1 
    ON (dbo.Table2.ColA = dbo.Table1.ColA);
GO
SELECT ColA, ColB 
FROM dbo.Table2;

The same problem can occur when the FROM and WHERE CURRENT OF clauses are combined. In the following example, both rows in Table2 meet the qualifications of the FROM clause in the UPDATE statement. It is undefined which row from Table2 is to be used to update the row in Table1.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
IF OBJECT_ID ('dbo.Table1', 'U') IS NOT NULL
    DROP TABLE dbo.Table1;
GO
IF OBJECT_ID ('dbo.Table2', 'U') IS NOT NULL
    DROP TABLE dbo.Table2;
GO
CREATE TABLE dbo.Table1
    (c1 int PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL, c2 int NOT NULL);
GO
CREATE TABLE dbo.Table2
    (d1 int PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL, d2 int NOT NULL);
GO
INSERT INTO dbo.Table1 VALUES (1, 10);
INSERT INTO dbo.Table2 VALUES (1, 20);
INSERT INTO dbo.Table2 VALUES (2, 30);
GO
DECLARE abc CURSOR LOCAL FOR
    SELECT c1, c2 
    FROM dbo.Table1;
OPEN abc;
FETCH abc;
UPDATE dbo.Table1 
SET c2 = c2 + d2 
FROM dbo.Table2 
WHERE CURRENT OF abc;
GO
SELECT c1, c2 FROM dbo.Table1;
GO

Updating User-defined Type Columns

Updating values in user-defined type columns can be accomplished in one of the following ways:

  • Supplying a value in a SQL Server system data type, as long as the user-defined type supports implicit or explicit conversion from that type. The following example shows how to update a value in a column of user-defined type Point, by explicitly converting from a string.
    UPDATE Cities
    SET Location = CONVERT(Point, '12.3:46.2')
    WHERE Name = 'Anchorage';
    
  • Invoking a method, marked as a mutator, of the user-defined type, to perform the update. The following example invokes a mutator method of type Point named SetXY. This updates the state of the instance of the type.
    UPDATE Cities
    SET Location.SetXY(23.5, 23.5)
    WHERE Name = 'Anchorage';
    
    ms177523.note(en-US,SQL.90).gifNote:
    SQL Server returns an error if a mutator method is invoked on a Transact-SQL null value, or if a new value produced by a mutator method is null.

  • Modifying the value of a registered property or public data member of the user-defined type. The expression supplying the value must be implicitly convertible to the type of the property. The following example modifies the value of property X of user-defined type Point.
    UPDATE Cities
    SET Location.X = 23.5
    WHERE Name = 'Anchorage';
    
    To modify different properties of the same user-defined type column, issue multiple UPDATE statements, or invoke a mutator method of the type.

Updating Large Value Data Types

Use the .WRITE (expression, @Offset, @Length) clause to perform a partial or full update of varchar(max), nvarchar(max), and varbinary(max) data types. For example, a partial update of a varchar(max) column might delete or modify only the first 200 characters of the column, whereas a full update would delete or modify all the data in the column. .WRITE updates that insert or append new data are minimally logged if the database recovery model is set to bulk-logged or simple. Minimal logging is not used when existing values are updated. For more information, see Minimally Logged Operations.

The SQL Server 2005 Database Engine converts a partial update to a full update when the UPDATE statement causes either of these actions:

  • Changes a key column of the partitioned view or table.
  • Modifies more than one row and also updates the key of a nonunique clustered index to a nonconstant value.

You cannot use the .WRITE clause to update a NULL column or set the value of column_name to NULL.

@Offset and @Length are specified in bytes for varbinary and varchar data types and in characters for the nvarchar data type. The appropriate offsets are computed for double-byte character set (DBCS) collations.

For best performance, we recommend that data be inserted or updated in chunk sizes that are multiples of 8040 bytes.

If the column modified by the .WRITE clause is referenced in an OUTPUT clause, the complete value of the column, either the before image in deleted.column_name or the after image in inserted.column_name, is returned to the specified column in the table variable. See example G that follows.

To achieve the same functionality of .WRITE with other character or binary data types, use the STUFF (Transact-SQL).

Updating text, ntext, and image Columns

Modifying a text, ntext, or image column with UPDATE initializes the column, assigns a valid text pointer to it, and allocates at least one data page, unless the column is being updated with NULL.

To replace or modify large blocks of text, ntext, or image data, use WRITETEXT or UPDATETEXT instead of the UPDATE statement.

ms177523.note(en-US,SQL.90).gifImportant:
The ntext, text, and image data types will be removed in a future version of Microsoft SQL Server. Avoid using these data types in new development work, and plan to modify applications that currently use them. Use nvarchar(max), varchar(max), and varbinary(max) instead. For more information, see Using Large-Value Data Types.

Using INSTEAD OF Triggers on UPDATE Actions

When an INSTEAD OF trigger is defined on UPDATE actions against a table, the trigger is running instead of the UPDATE statement. Earlier versions of SQL Server only support AFTER triggers defined on UPDATE and other data modification statements. The FROM clause cannot be specified in an UPDATE statement that references, either directly or indirectly, a view with an INSTEAD OF trigger defined on it. For more information about INSTEAD OF triggers, see CREATE TRIGGER (Transact-SQL).

Setting Variables and Columns

Variable names can be used in UPDATE statements to show the old and new values affected, but this should be used only when the UPDATE statement affects a single record. If the UPDATE statement affects multiple records, to return the old and new values for each record, use the OUTPUT clause.

UPDATE permissions are required on the target table. SELECT permissions are also required for the table being updated if the UPDATE statement contains a WHERE clause, or if expression in the SET clause uses a column in the table.

UPDATE permissions default to members of the sysadmin fixed server role, the db_owner and db_datawriter fixed database roles, and the table owner. Members of the sysadmin, db_owner, and db_securityadmin roles, and the table owner can transfer permissions to other users.

A. Using a simple UPDATE statement

The following examples show how all rows can be affected when a WHERE clause is not used to specify the row or rows to update.

This example updates the values in the Bonus, CommissionPct, and SalesQuota columns for all rows in the SalesPerson table.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
UPDATE Sales.SalesPerson
SET Bonus = 6000, CommissionPct = .10, SalesQuota = NULL;
GO

You can also use computed values in an UPDATE statement. The following example doubles the value in the ListPrice column for all rows in the Product table.

USE AdventureWorks ;
GO
UPDATE Production.Product
SET ListPrice = ListPrice * 2;
GO

B. Using the UPDATE statement with a WHERE clause

The following example uses the WHERE clause to specify which rows to update. For example, Adventure Works Cycles sells their bicycle model Road-250 in two colors: red and black. The company has decided to change the color of red for this model to metallic red. The following statement updates the rows in the Production.Product table for all red Road-250 products.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
UPDATE Production.Product
SET Color = N'Metallic Red'
WHERE Name LIKE N'Road-250%' AND Color = N'Red';
GO

C. Using the UPDATE statement with information from another table

The following example modifies the SalesYTD column in the SalesPerson table to reflect the most recent sales recorded in the SalesOrderHeader table.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
UPDATE Sales.SalesPerson
SET SalesYTD = SalesYTD + SubTotal
FROM Sales.SalesPerson AS sp
JOIN Sales.SalesOrderHeader AS so
    ON sp.SalesPersonID = so.SalesPersonID
    AND so.OrderDate = (SELECT MAX(OrderDate)
                        FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader 
                        WHERE SalesPersonID = 
                              sp.SalesPersonID);
GO

The previous example assumes that only one sale is recorded for a specified salesperson on a specific date and that updates are current. If more than one sale for a specified salesperson can be recorded on the same day, the example shown does not work correctly. The example runs without error, but each SalesYTD value is updated with only one sale, regardless of how many sales actually occurred on that day. This is because a single UPDATE statement never updates the same row two times.

In the situation in which more than one sale for a specified salesperson can occur on the same day, all the sales for each sales person must be aggregated together within the UPDATE statement, as shown in this example:

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
UPDATE Sales.SalesPerson
SET SalesYTD = SalesYTD + 
    (SELECT SUM(so.SubTotal) 
     FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader AS so
     WHERE so.OrderDate = (SELECT MAX(OrderDate)
                           FROM Sales.SalesOrderHeader AS so2
                           WHERE so2.SalesPersonID = 
                                 so.SalesPersonID)
     AND Sales.SalesPerson.SalesPersonID = so.SalesPersonID
     GROUP BY so.SalesPersonID);
GO

D. Using UPDATE with the TOP clause

The following example updates the VacationHours column by 25 percent for 10 random rows in the Employee table.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
UPDATE TOP (10) HumanResources.Employee
SET VacationHours = VacationHours * 1.25 ;
GO

E. Using UPDATE with the OUTPUT clause

The following example updates the VacationHours column in the Employee table by 25 percent for the first 10 rows. The OUTPUT clause returns the value of VacationHours that exists before applying the UPDATE statement in the DELETED.VacationHours column and the updated value in the INSERTED.VacationHours column to the @MyTableVar table variable.

Two SELECT statements follow that return the values in @MyTableVar and the results of the update operation in the Employee table. Note the results in the INSERTED.ModifiedDate column are different from the values in the ModifiedDate column in the Employee table. This is because the AFTER UPDATE trigger that updates the value of ModifiedDate to the current date is defined on the Employee table. However, the columns returned from OUTPUT reflect the data before triggers are fired. For more examples using the OUTPUT clause, see OUTPUT Clause (Transact-SQL).

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
DECLARE @MyTableVar table(
    EmpID int NOT NULL,
    OldVacationHours int,
    NewVacationHours int,
    ModifiedDate datetime);
UPDATE TOP (10) HumanResources.Employee
SET VacationHours = VacationHours * 1.25 
OUTPUT INSERTED.EmployeeID,
       DELETED.VacationHours,
       INSERTED.VacationHours,
       INSERTED.ModifiedDate
INTO @MyTableVar;
--Display the result set of the table variable.
SELECT EmpID, OldVacationHours, NewVacationHours, ModifiedDate
FROM @MyTableVar;
GO
--Display the result set of the table.
--Note that ModifiedDate reflects the value generated by an
--AFTER UPDATE trigger.
SELECT TOP (10) EmployeeID, VacationHours, ModifiedDate
FROM HumanResources.Employee;
GO

F. Using UPDATE with the WITH common_table_expression clause

The following example updates the VacationHours value by 25 percent for all employees reporting directly or indirectly to ManagerID 12. The common table expression returns a hierarchical list of employees who report directly to ManagerID 12 and employees who report to those employees, and so on. Only the rows returned by the common table expression are modified. For more information about recursive common table expressions, see Recursive Queries Using Common Table Expressions.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
WITH DirectReports(EmployeeID, NewVacationHours, EmployeeLevel)
AS
(SELECT e.EmployeeID, e.VacationHours, 1
  FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e
  WHERE e.ManagerID = 12
  UNION ALL
  SELECT e.EmployeeID, e.VacationHours, EmployeeLevel + 1
  FROM HumanResources.Employee as e
  JOIN DirectReports AS d ON e.ManagerID = d.EmployeeID
)
UPDATE HumanResources.Employee
SET VacationHours = VacationHours * 1.25
FROM HumanResources.Employee AS e
JOIN DirectReports AS d ON e.EmployeeID = d.EmployeeID;
GO

G. Using UPDATE with the .WRITE clause to modify data in an nvarchar(max) column

The following example uses the .WRITE clause to update a partial value in DocumentSummary, an nvarchar(max) column in the Production.Document table. The word components is replaced with the word features by specifying the replacement word, the starting location (offset) of the word to be replaced in the existing data, and the number of characters to be replaced (length). The example also uses the OUTPUT clause to return the before and after images of the DocumentSummary column to the @MyTableVar table variable.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
DECLARE @MyTableVar table (
    DocumentID int NOT NULL,
    SummaryBefore nvarchar(max),
    SummaryAfter nvarchar(max));
UPDATE Production.Document
SET DocumentSummary .WRITE (N'features',28,10)
OUTPUT INSERTED.DocumentID,
       DELETED.DocumentSummary, 
       INSERTED.DocumentSummary 
    INTO @MyTableVar
WHERE DocumentID = 3 ;
SELECT DocumentID, SummaryBefore, SummaryAfter 
FROM @MyTableVar;
GO

H. Using UPDATE with .WRITE to add and remove data in an nvarchar(max) column

The following examples add and remove data from an nvarchar(max) column that has a value currently set to NULL. Because the .WRITE clause cannot be used to modify a NULL column, the column is first populated with temporary data. This data is then replaced with the correct data by using the .WRITE clause. The additional examples append data to the end of the column value, remove (truncate) data from the column and, finally, remove partial data from the column. The SELECT statements display the data modification generated by each UPDATE statement.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
-- Replacing NULL value with temporary data.
UPDATE Production.Document
SET DocumentSummary = N'Replacing NULL value'
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO
SELECT DocumentSummary 
FROM Production.Document
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO
-- Replacing temporary data with the correct data. Setting @Length to NULL 
-- truncates all existing data from the @Offset position.
UPDATE Production.Document
SET DocumentSummary .WRITE(N'Carefully inspect and maintain the tires and crank arms.',0,NULL)
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO
SELECT DocumentSummary 
FROM Production.Document
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO
-- Appending additional data to the end of the column by setting 
-- @Offset to NULL.
UPDATE Production.Document
SET DocumentSummary .WRITE (N' Appending data to the end of the column.', NULL, 0)
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO
SELECT DocumentSummary 
FROM Production.Document
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO
-- Removing all data from @Offset to the end of the existing value by 
-- setting expression to NULL. 
UPDATE Production.Document
SET DocumentSummary .WRITE (NULL, 56, 0)
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO
SELECT DocumentSummary 
FROM Production.Document
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO
-- Removing partial data beginning at position 9 and ending at 
-- position 21.
UPDATE Production.Document
SET DocumentSummary .WRITE ('',9, 12)
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO
SELECT DocumentSummary 
FROM Production.Document
WHERE DocumentID = 1;
GO

I. Using UPDATE with OPENROWSET to modify a varbinary(max) column

The following example replaces an existing image stored in a varbinary(max) column with a new image. The OPENROWSET function is used with the BULK option to load the image into the column. This example assumes that a file named Tires.jpg exists in the specified file path.

USE AdventureWorks;
GO
UPDATE Production.ProductPhoto
SET ThumbNailPhoto = (
    SELECT *
    FROM OPENROWSET(BULK 'c:\Tires.jpg', SINGLE_BLOB)AS x )
WHERE ProductPhotoID = 1;
GO

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