Closes an open cursor by releasing the current result set and freeing any cursor locks held on the rows on which the cursor is positioned. CLOSE leaves the data structures available for reopening, but fetches and positioned updates are not allowed until the cursor is reopened. CLOSE must be issued on an open cursor; CLOSE is not allowed on cursors that have only been declared or are already closed.
Applies to: SQL Server (SQL Server 2008 through current version), Azure SQL Database.
The following example shows the correct placement of the CLOSE statement in a cursor-based process.
DECLARE Employee_Cursor CURSOR FOR SELECT EmployeeID, Title FROM AdventureWorks2012.HumanResources.Employee; OPEN Employee_Cursor; FETCH NEXT FROM Employee_Cursor; WHILE @@FETCH_STATUS = 0 BEGIN FETCH NEXT FROM Employee_Cursor; END; CLOSE Employee_Cursor; DEALLOCATE Employee_Cursor; GO