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How to: Create a Database by Using OLE DB (Programmatically)

The OLE DB provider for SQL Server Compact 4.0. reveals the IDBDataSourceAdmin interface through which you can create and manage databases in SQL Server Compact 4.0. To create a new database, you specify the DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE property to specify a name for the database.

For more information, see Creating Databases with OLE DB.

The following example shows how to create an encrypted case-sensitive database by using the OLE DB provider for SQL Server Compact. It also demonstrates how to specify a password. To create a standard database, remove the unnecessary DBPROP structures.

Note Note

For information about how to specify strong passwords, see Strong Passwords. For more information about case-sensitive databases, see Working with Collations (SQL Server Compact).

// CreateDatabase.cpp : Defines the entry point for the console application.
//
// Include header files
//
#include "stdafx.h"

#include <sqlce_err.h>
#include <sqlce_oledb.h>
#include <sqlce_sync.h>

// Object declarations
HRESULT            hr                   = NOERROR; 
DBPROPSET          dbpropset[2]; 
DBPROP             dbprop[1]; // Property array to initialize the provider.
DBPROP             sscedbprop[3]; // Property array for security and case-sensitivity properties.
INT                i                    = 0;
IDBDataSourceAdmin *pIDBDataSourceAdmin = NULL; 
IUnknown           *pIUnknownSession    = NULL;

int _tmain(int argc, _TCHAR* argv[])
{
   // Create an instance of the OLE DB provider.
   CoInitialize(NULL);
   hr = CoCreateInstance(CLSID_SQLSERVERCE, 0, CLSCTX_INPROC_SERVER, 
      IID_IDBDataSourceAdmin, (void**)& pIDBDataSourceAdmin);

   if(FAILED(hr))
   {
      goto Exit;
   }

   // Initialize property structures.
   VariantInit(&dbprop[0].vValue);
   for (int i = 0; i < sizeof(sscedbprop) / sizeof(sscedbprop[0]); i++)
   {
      VariantInit(&sscedbprop[i].vValue);
   }

   // Specify the property with name of the database.
   dbprop[0].dwPropertyID  = DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE;
   dbprop[0].dwOptions   = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
   dbprop[0].vValue.vt   = VT_BSTR;
   dbprop[0].vValue.bstrVal = SysAllocString(L"NewDatabase.sdf"); 

   if(NULL == dbprop[0].vValue.bstrVal)
   {
      hr = E_OUTOFMEMORY;
      goto Exit;
   }

   // Specify the encryption mode. 
   sscedbprop[0].dwPropertyID = DBPROP_SSCE_ENCRYPTIONMODE;
   sscedbprop[0].dwOptions = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
   sscedbprop[0].vValue.vt = VT_I4;
   sscedbprop[0].vValue.intVal = DBPROPVAL_SSCE_EM_PLATFORM_DEFAULT;

   // Specify the strong password.
   sscedbprop[1].dwPropertyID = DBPROP_SSCE_DBPASSWORD;
   sscedbprop[1].dwOptions = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
   sscedbprop[1].vValue.vt = VT_BSTR;
   sscedbprop[1].vValue.bstrVal = SysAllocString(L"<enterStrongPasswordHere>");

   if(NULL == sscedbprop[1].vValue.bstrVal)
   {
     hr = E_OUTOFMEMORY;
     goto Exit;
   }

   // Set the case sensitivity to true.
   sscedbprop[2].dwPropertyID  = DBPROP_SSCE_DBCASESENSITIVE;
   sscedbprop[2].dwOptions   = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
   sscedbprop[2].vValue.vt   = VT_BOOL;
   sscedbprop[2].vValue.boolVal = VARIANT_TRUE;

   // Initialize the property sets.
   dbpropset[0].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_DBINIT;
   dbpropset[0].rgProperties  = dbprop;
   dbpropset[0].cProperties  = sizeof(dbprop)/sizeof(dbprop[0]);

   dbpropset[1].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_SSCE_DBINIT ;
   dbpropset[1].rgProperties  = sscedbprop;
   dbpropset[1].cProperties  = sizeof(sscedbprop)/sizeof(sscedbprop[0]);

   // Create and initialize the database.
   hr = pIDBDataSourceAdmin->CreateDataSource(sizeof(dbpropset)/sizeof(dbpropset[0]),
   dbpropset, NULL, IID_IUnknown, &pIUnknownSession);
   if(FAILED(hr)) 
   {
     goto Exit;
   }
    // At this point, the new case-sensitive encrypted database is created.

   Exit:
    // Do cleanup tasks here.
      return 0;
}
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