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profile Element (ASP.NET Settings Schema)

Configures parameters for managing user profile values by using the ASP.NET profile.

This element is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

<configuration> Element
  system.web Element (ASP.NET Settings Schema)
    profile Element (ASP.NET Settings Schema)
<profile
    enabled="true|false"
    inherits="fully qualified type reference"
    automaticSaveEnabled="true|false"
    defaultProvider="provider name">
    <properties>...</properties>
    <providers>...</providers>
</profile>

The following sections describe attributes, child elements, and parent elements.

Attributes

Attribute

Description

enabled

Optional Boolean attribute.

Specifies whether ASP.NET user profiles are enabled. If true, ASP.NET user profiles are enabled.

The default is true.

defaultProvider

Optional String attribute.

Specifies the name of the default profile provider.

For more information, see Provider.

The default is AspNetSqlProfileProvider.

inherits

Optional String attribute.

Contains a type reference for a custom type that derives from the ProfileBase abstract class. ASP.NET dynamically generates an ProfileCommon class that inherits from this type and places it in the Profile property of the current HttpContext.

automaticSaveEnabled

Optional Boolean attribute.

Specifies whether the user profile is automatically saved at the end of the execution of an ASP.NET page. If true, the user profile is automatically saved at the end of the execution of an ASP.NET page.

The ProfileModule object saves a user profile only if the module detects that the profile has been modified. That is, the IsDirty property is true. For more information, see ASP.NET Profile Properties Overview.

The default is true.

Child Elements

Element

Description

properties

Required element.

Defines a collection of user profile properties and property groups.

providers

Optional element.

Defines a collection of profile providers.

Parent Elements

Element

Description

configuration

Specifies the required root element in every configuration file that is used by the common language runtime and the .NET Framework applications.

system.web

Specifies the root element for the ASP.NET configuration section.

For information about accessing and modifying configuration values for the profile element in application code, see ProfileSection.

Default Configuration

The following default profile element is configured in the Machine.config file in the .NET Framework version 2.0.

<profile>
  <providers>
        <add name="AspNetSqlProfileProvider" connectionStringName="LocalSqlServer" applicationName="/" type="System.Web.Profile.SqlProfileProvider, System.Web, Version=2.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a" /> 
  </providers>
</profile>

The following code example shows how to configure the Web.config file for an ASP.NET application to use a SqlProfileProvider provider.

<configuration>
  <connectionStrings>
    <add name="SqlServices" connectionString="Data Source=localhost;Integrated Security=SSPI;Initial 
         Catalog=aspnetdb;" />
  </connectionStrings>

  <system.web>
    <authentication mode="Forms" >
      <forms loginUrl="login.aspx" name=".ASPXFORMSAUTH" />
    </authentication>

    <authorization>
      <deny users="?" />
    </authorization>

    <membership defaultProvider="SqlProvider" userIsOnlineTimeWindow="15">
      <providers>
        <clear/>
        <add name="SqlProvider" 
             type="System.Web.Security.SqlMembershipProvider" 
             connectionStringName="SqlServices"
             applicationName="SampleApplication"
             enablePasswordRetrieval="true"
             enablePasswordReset="true"
             passwordFormat="Encrypted"
             requiresQuestionAndAnswer="true" />
      </providers>
    </membership>

    <profile defaultProvider="SqlProvider">
      <providers>
        <clear />
        <add name="SqlProvider"
             type="System.Web.Profile.SqlProfileProvider"
             connectionStringName="SqlServices"
             applicationName="SampleApplication"
             description="SqlProfileProvider for SampleApplication" />
      </providers>

      <properties>
        <add name="ZipCode" />
        <add name="CityAndState" />
      </properties>
    </profile>
  </system.web>
</configuration>

Configuration section handler

System.Web.Configuration.ProfileSection

Configuration member

SystemWebSectionGroup.Profile

Configurable locations

Machine.config

Root-level Web.config

Application-level Web.config

Requirements

Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) version 5.0, 5.1, or 6.0

The .NET Framework version 2.0

Microsoft Visual Studio 2005

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