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XmlSerializer.Serialize Method (TextWriter, Object, XmlSerializerNamespaces)

Serializes the specified Object and writes the XML document to a file using the specified TextWriter and references the specified namespaces.

Namespace:  System.Xml.Serialization
Assembly:  System.Xml (in System.Xml.dll)

public void Serialize(
	TextWriter textWriter,
	Object o,
	XmlSerializerNamespaces namespaces
)

Parameters

textWriter
Type: System.IO.TextWriter

The TextWriter used to write the XML document.

o
Type: System.Object

The Object to serialize.

namespaces
Type: System.Xml.Serialization.XmlSerializerNamespaces

The XmlSerializerNamespaces that contains namespaces for the generated XML document.

ExceptionCondition
InvalidOperationException

An error occurred during serialization. The original exception is available using the InnerException property.

When the Serialize method is invoked the public fields and read/write properties of an object are converted into XML. Methods, indexers, private fields, and read-only properties are not serialized. To serialize all fields and properties, both public and private, use the BinaryFormatter.

Use the textWriter parameter to specify an object that derives from the abstract TextWriter class. Classes that derive from TextWriter class include:

NoteNote:

The XmlSerializer cannot serialize the following: arrays of ArrayList and arrays of List<T>.

The following example serializes an object with a TextWriter. The example also creates an XmlSerializerNamespaces object and adds two namespaces to the object. The class that defines the serialized object is also attributed with XmlElementAttribute attributes to specify the namespace for each element.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

// This is the class that will be serialized. 
public class OrderedItem
{
   [XmlElement(Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
   public string ItemName;
   [XmlElement(Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
   public string Description;
   [XmlElement(Namespace="http://www.cohowinery.com")]
   public decimal UnitPrice;
   [XmlElement(Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
   public int Quantity;
   [XmlElement(Namespace="http://www.cohowinery.com")]
   public decimal LineTotal;
   // A custom method used to calculate price per item. 
   public void Calculate()
   {
      LineTotal = UnitPrice * Quantity;
   }
}

public class Test{
   public static void Main(string[] args)
   {
      Test t = new Test();
      // Write a purchase order.
      t.SerializeObject("simple.xml");
   }

   private void SerializeObject(string filename)
   {
      Console.WriteLine("Writing With TextWriter");
      // Create an XmlSerializer instance using the type.
      XmlSerializer serializer = 
      new XmlSerializer(typeof(OrderedItem));
      OrderedItem i = new OrderedItem();
      i.ItemName = "Widget";
      i.Description = "Regular Widget";
      i.Quantity = 10;
      i.UnitPrice = (decimal) 2.30;
      i.Calculate();

      // Create an XmlSerializerNamespaces object.
      XmlSerializerNamespaces ns = 
      new XmlSerializerNamespaces();
      // Add two namespaces with prefixes.
      ns.Add("inventory", "http://www.cpandl.com");
      ns.Add("money", "http://www.cohowinery.com");
      // Create a StreamWriter to write with.
      TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);
      /* Serialize using the object using the TextWriter 
      and namespaces. */
      serializer.Serialize(writer, i, ns);
      writer.Close();
   }
}
<?xml version="1.0"?>
 <OrderedItem xmlns:inventory="http://www.cpandl.com" xmlns:money="http://www.cohowinery.com">
   <inventory:ItemName>Widget</inventory:ItemName>
   <inventory:Description>Regular Widget</inventory:Description>
   <money:UnitPrice>2.3</money:UnitPrice>
   <inventory:Quantity>10</inventory:Quantity>
   <money:LineTotal>23</money:LineTotal>
 </OrderedItem>
#using <mscorlib.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>
using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;

// This is the class that will be serialized.
public __gc class OrderedItem
{
public:
   [XmlElement(Namespace = S"http://www.cpandl.com")]
   String* ItemName;
   [XmlElement(Namespace = S"http://www.cpandl.com")]
   String* Description;
   [XmlElement(Namespace=S"http://www.cohowinery.com")]
   Decimal UnitPrice;
   [XmlElement(Namespace = S"http://www.cpandl.com")]
   int Quantity;
   [XmlElement(Namespace=S"http://www.cohowinery.com")]
   Decimal LineTotal;
   // A custom method used to calculate price per item.
   void Calculate()
   {
      LineTotal = UnitPrice * Quantity;
   }
};

void SerializeObject(String* filename)
{
   Console::WriteLine(S"Writing With TextWriter");
   // Create an XmlSerializer instance using the type.
   XmlSerializer* serializer = 
      new XmlSerializer(__typeof(OrderedItem));
   OrderedItem* i = new OrderedItem();
   i->ItemName = S"Widget";
   i->Description = S"Regular Widget";
   i->Quantity = 10;
   i->UnitPrice = (Decimal) 2.30;
   i->Calculate();

   // Create an XmlSerializerNamespaces object.
   XmlSerializerNamespaces* ns = 
      new XmlSerializerNamespaces();
   // Add two namespaces with prefixes.
   ns->Add(S"inventory", S"http://www.cpandl.com");
   ns->Add(S"money", S"http://www.cohowinery.com");
   // Create a StreamWriter to write with.
   TextWriter* writer = new StreamWriter(filename);
   /* Serialize using the object using the TextWriter 
   and namespaces. */
   serializer->Serialize(writer, i, ns);
   writer->Close();
}

int main()
{
   // Write a purchase order.
   SerializeObject(S"simple.xml");
}

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

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