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Managing Services and Network Settings by Using WMI Provider

The WMI provider is a published interface that is used by Microsoft Management Console (MMC) to manage the SQL Server services and network protocols. In SMO, the ManagedComputer object represents the WMI Provider.

The ManagedComputer object operates independently of the connection established with the Server object to an instance of SQL Server, and uses Windows credentials to connect to the WMI service.

To use any code example that is provided, you will have to choose the programming environment, the programming template, and the programming language in which to create your application. For more information, see "How to: Create a Visual Basic SMO Project in Visual Studio .NET" or "How to: Create a Visual C# SMO Project in Visual Studio .NET" in SQL Server Books Online.

For programs that use the SQL Server WMI provider, you must include the Imports statement to qualify the WMI namespace. Insert the statement after the other Imports statements, before any declarations in the application, such as:

Imports Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo

Imports Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common

Imports Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Wmi

This code example shows how to stop and start services by using the SMO ManagedComputer object. This provides an interface to the WMI Provider for Configuration Management.

'Declare and create an instance of the ManagedComputer object that represents the WMI Provider services.
Dim mc As ManagedComputer
mc = New ManagedComputer()
'Iterate through each service registered with the WMI Provider.
Dim svc As Service
For Each svc In mc.Services
    Console.WriteLine(svc.Name)
Next
'Reference the Microsoft SQL Server service.
svc = mc.Services("MSSQLSERVER")
'Stop the service if it is running and report on the status continuously until it has stopped.
If svc.ServiceState = ServiceState.Running Then
    svc.Stop()

    Console.WriteLine(String.Format("{0} service state is {1}", svc.Name, svc.ServiceState))
    Do Until String.Format("{0}", svc.ServiceState) = "Stopped"
        Console.WriteLine(String.Format("{0}", svc.ServiceState))
        svc.Refresh()
    Loop
    Console.WriteLine(String.Format("{0} service state is {1}", svc.Name, svc.ServiceState))
    'Start the service and report on the status continuously until it has started.
    svc.Start()
    Do Until String.Format("{0}", svc.ServiceState) = "Running"
        Console.WriteLine(String.Format("{0}", svc.ServiceState))
        svc.Refresh()
    Loop
    Console.WriteLine(String.Format("{0} service state is {1}", svc.Name, svc.ServiceState))

Else
    Console.WriteLine("SQL Server service is not running.")
End If


The code example shows how to identify a server protocol using a URN object, and then enable the protocol.

'This program must run with administrator privileges.
        'Declare the ManagedComputer WMI interface.
        Dim mc As New ManagedComputer()

        'Create a URN object that represents the TCP server protocol.
        Dim u As New Urn("ManagedComputer[@Name='V-ROBMA3']/ServerInstance[@Name='MSSQLSERVER']/ServerProtocol[@Name='Tcp']")

        'Declare the serverProtocol variable and return the ServerProtocol object.
        Dim sp As ServerProtocol
        sp = mc.GetSmoObject(u)

        'Enable the protocol.
        sp.IsEnabled = True

        'propagate back to the service
        sp.Alter()

The code example shows how to identify a server protocol using a URN object, and then enable the protocol.

#This example shows how to identify a server protocol using a URN object, and then enable the protocol
#This program must run with administrator privileges.

#Load the assembly containing the classes used in this example
[reflection.assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.SqlWmiManagement")


#Get a managed computer instance
$mc = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Wmi.ManagedComputer

#Create a URN object that represents the TCP server protocol
#Change 'MyPC' to the name of the your computer 
$urn = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Sdk.Sfc.Urn -argumentlist "ManagedComputer[@Name='MyPC']/ServerInstance[@Name='MSSQLSERVER']/ServerProtocol[@Name='Tcp']"

#Get the protocol object
$sp = $mc.GetSmoObject($urn)

#enable the protocol on the object
$sp.IsEnabled = $true

#propagate back to actual service
$sp.Alter()

The code example shows how to stop and start an instance of SQL Server.

{ 
   //Declare and create an instance of the ManagedComputer 
   //object that represents the WMI Provider services. 
   ManagedComputer mc; 
   mc = new ManagedComputer(); 
   //Iterate through each service registered with the WMI Provider. 
  
   foreach (Service svc in mc.Services)
   { 
      Console.WriteLine(svc.Name); 
   } 
//Reference the Microsoft SQL Server service. 
  Service Mysvc = mc.Services["MSSQLSERVER"]; 
//Stop the service if it is running and report on the status
// continuously until it has stopped. 
   if (Mysvc.ServiceState == ServiceState.Running) { 
      Mysvc.Stop(); 
      Console.WriteLine(string.Format("{0} service state is {1}", Mysvc.Name, Mysvc.ServiceState)); 
      while (!(string.Format("{0}", Mysvc.ServiceState) == "Stopped")) { 
         Console.WriteLine(string.Format("{0}", Mysvc.ServiceState)); 
          Mysvc.Refresh(); 
      } 
      Console.WriteLine(string.Format("{0} service state is {1}", Mysvc.Name, Mysvc.ServiceState)); 
//Start the service and report on the status continuously 
//until it has started. 
      Mysvc.Start(); 
      while (!(string.Format("{0}", Mysvc.ServiceState) == "Running")) { 
         Console.WriteLine(string.Format("{0}", Mysvc.ServiceState)); 
         Mysvc.Refresh(); 
      } 
      Console.WriteLine(string.Format("{0} service state is {1}", Mysvc.Name, Mysvc.ServiceState));
      Console.ReadLine();
   } 
   else { 
      Console.WriteLine("SQL Server service is not running.");
      Console.ReadLine();
   } 
}

The code example shows how to stop and start an instance of SQL Server.

#Load the assembly containing the objects used in this example
[reflection.assembly]::LoadWithPartialName("Microsoft.SqlServer.SqlWmiManagement")

#Get a managed computer instance
$mc = New-Object -TypeName Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Wmi.ManagedComputer

#List out all sql server instnces running on this mc
foreach ($Item in $mc.Services){$Item.Name}

#Get the default sql server datbase engine service
$svc = $mc.Services["MSSQLSERVER"]

# for stopping and starting services PowerShell must run as administrator

#Stop this service
$svc.Stop()
$svc.Refresh()
while ($svc.ServiceState -ne "Stopped")
{
$svc.Refresh()
$svc.ServiceState
}
"Service" + $svc.Name + " is now stopped"
"Starting " + $svc.Name
$svc.Start()
$svc.Refresh()
while ($svc.ServiceState -ne "Running")
{
$svc.Refresh()
$svc.ServiceState
}
$svc.ServiceState
"Service" + $svc.Name + "is now started"


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