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How to: Create, Alter, and Remove a Stored Procedure in Visual Basic .NET

[This topic is pre-release documentation and is subject to change in future releases. Blank topics are included as placeholders.]

This section describes how to create, alter, and remove a stored procedure that has input and output parameters in Visual Basic .NET.

The code example shows how to create a stored procedure for the AdventureWorks database. The example returns the last name of an employee when it is given the employee ID number. The stored procedure requires one input parameter to specify the employee ID number and one output parameter to return the last name of the employee.

  1. Start Visual Studio 2005.

  2. From the File menu, select New Project. The New Project dialog box appears.

  3. In the Project Types pane, select Visual Basic. In the Templates pane, select Console Application.

  4. (Optional) In the Name box, type the name of the new application.

  5. Click OK to load the Visual Basic console application template.

  6. On the Project menu, select Add Reference item. The Add Reference dialog box appears. Select Browse and locate the SMO assemblies in the C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\90\SDK\Assemblies folder. Select the following files:

    Microsoft.SqlServer.ConnectionInfo.dll

    Microsoft.SqlServer.Smo.dll

    Microsoft.SqlServer.SqlEnum.dll

    Microsoft.SqlServer.SmoEnum.dll

  7. On the View menu, click Code.-Or-Select the Module1.vb window to display the code window.

  8. In the code, before any declarations, type the following Imports statements to qualify the types in the SMO namespace:

    Imports Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo
    Imports Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Common
    
  9. Insert the code that follows this procedure into the main program.

  10. Run and build the application.

'Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server.
Dim srv As Server
srv = New Server
'Reference the AdventureWorks database.
Dim db As Database
db = srv.Databases("AdventureWorks")
'Define a StoredProcedure object variable by supplying the parent database and name arguments in the constructor.
Dim sp As StoredProcedure
sp = New StoredProcedure(db, "GetLastNameByEmployeeID")
'Set the TextMode property to false and then set the other object properties.
sp.TextMode = False
sp.AnsiNullsStatus = False
sp.QuotedIdentifierStatus = False
'Add two parameters.
Dim param As StoredProcedureParameter
param = New StoredProcedureParameter(sp, "@empval", DataType.Int)
sp.Parameters.Add(param)
Dim param2 As StoredProcedureParameter
param2 = New StoredProcedureParameter(sp, "@retval", DataType.NVarChar(50))
param2.IsOutputParameter = True
sp.Parameters.Add(param2)
'Set the TextBody property to define the stored procedure.
Dim stmt As String
stmt = " SELECT @retval = (SELECT LastName FROM Person.Contact,HumanResources.Employee WHERE Person.Contact.ContactID = HumanResources.Employee.ContactID AND  HumanResources.Employee.EmployeeID = @empval )"
sp.TextBody = stmt
'Create the stored procedure on the instance of SQL Server.
sp.Create()
'Modify a property and run the Alter method to make the change on the instance of SQL Server.   
sp.QuotedIdentifierStatus = True
sp.Alter()
'Remove the stored procedure.
sp.Drop()

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