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CREATE SUBCUBE Statement (MDX)

Redefines the cube space of a specified cube or subcube to a specified subcube. This statement changes the apparent cube space for subsequent operations.

CREATE SUBCUBE Cube_Name AS Select_Statement
                                                  | NON VISUAL ( Select_Statement )

Cube_Name

The valid string expression that provides the name of the cube or perspective that is being restricted, which becomes the name of the subcube.

Select_Statement

A valid Multidimensional Expressions (MDX) SELECT expression that does not contain WITH, NON EMPTY, or HAVING clauses, and does not request dimension or cell properties.

See SELECT Statement (MDX) for a detailed syntax explanation on Select statements and the NON VISUAL clause.

When default members are excluded in the definition of a subcube, coordinates will correspondingly change. For attributes that can be aggregated, the default member is moved to the [All] member. For attributes that cannot be aggregated, the default member is moved to a member that exists in the subcube. The following table contains example subcube and default member combinations.

Original default member

Can be aggregated

Subselect

Revised default member

Time.Year.All

Yes

{Time.Year.2003}

No change

Time.Year.[1997]

Yes

{Time.Year.2003}

Time.Year.All

Time.Year.[1997]

No

{Time.Year.2003}

Time.Year.[2003]

Time.Year.[1997]

Yes

{Time.Year.2003, Time.Year.2004}

Time.Year.All

Time.Year.[1997]

No

{Time.Year.2003, Time.Year.2004}

Either Time.Year.[2003] or

Time.Year.[2004]

[All] members will always exist in a subcube.

Session objects created in the context of a subcube are dropped when the subcube is dropped.

For more information about subcubes, see Building Subcubes in MDX (MDX).

Example

The following example creates a subcube that restricts the apparent cube space to members that exist with the country of Canada. It then uses the MEMBERS function to return all members of the Country level of the Geography user-defined hierarchy - returning only the country of Canada.

CREATE SUBCUBE [Adventure Works] AS
   SELECT [Geography].[Country].&[Canada] ON 0
   FROM [Adventure Works]

SELECT [Geography].[Country].[Country].MEMBERS ON 0
   FROM [Adventure Works]

The following example creates a subcube that restricts the apparent cube space to {Accessories, Clothing} members in Products.Category and {[Value Added Reseller], [Warehouse]} in Resellers.[Business Type].

CREATE SUBCUBE [Adventure Works] AS

Select {[Category].Accessories, [Category].Clothing} on 0,

{[Business Type].[Value Added Reseller], [Business Type].[Warehouse]} on 1

from [Adventure Works]

Querying the subcube for all members in Products.Category and Resellers.[Business Type] with the following MDX:

select [Category].members on 0,

[Business Type].members on 1

from [Adventure Works]

where [Measures].[Reseller Sales Amount]

Yields the following results:

 

All Products

Accessories

Clothing

All Resellers

$2,031,079.39

$506,172.45

$1,524,906.93

Value Added Reseller

$767,388.52

$175,002.81

$592,385.71

Warehouse

$1,263,690.86

$331,169.64

$932,521.23

Dropping and recreating the subcube using the NON VISUAL clause will create a subcube that keeps the true totals for all members in Products.Category and Resellers.[Business Type], whether they are visible or not in the subcube.

CREATE SUBCUBE [Adventure Works] AS

NON VISUAL (Select {[Category].Accessories, [Category].Clothing} on 0,

{[Business Type].[Value Added Reseller], [Business Type].[Warehouse]} on 1

from [Adventure Works])

Issuing the same MDX query from above:

select [Category].members on 0,

[Business Type].members on 1

from [Adventure Works]

where [Measures].[Reseller Sales Amount]

Yields the following different results:

 

All Products

Accessories

Clothing

All Resellers

$80,450,596.98

$571,297.93

$1,777,840.84

Value Added Reseller

$34,967,517.33

$175,002.81

$592,385.71

Warehouse

$38,726,913.48

$331,169.64

$932,521.23

The [All Products] and [All Resellers], column and row respectively, contains totals for all members not only those visible ones.

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