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Graphics.MeasureString Method (String, Font, Int32, StringFormat)

Measures the specified string when drawn with the specified Font and formatted with the specified StringFormat.

Namespace:  System.Drawing
Assembly:  System.Drawing (in System.Drawing.dll)
public SizeF MeasureString(
	string text,
	Font font,
	int width,
	StringFormat format
)

Parameters

text
Type: System.String

String to measure.

font
Type: System.Drawing.Font

Font that defines the text format of the string.

width
Type: System.Int32

Maximum width of the string.

format
Type: System.Drawing.StringFormat

StringFormat that represents formatting information, such as line spacing, for the string.

Return Value

Type: System.Drawing.SizeF
This method returns a SizeF structure that represents the size, in the units specified by the PageUnit property, of the string specified in the text parameter as drawn with the font parameter and the stringFormat parameter.
ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

font is null.

The MeasureString method is designed for use with individual strings and includes a small amount of extra space before and after the string to allow for overhanging glyphs. Also, the DrawString method adjusts glyph points to optimize display quality and might display a string narrower than reported by MeasureString. To obtain metrics suitable for adjacent strings in layout (for example, when implementing formatted text), use the MeasureCharacterRanges method or one of the MeasureString methods that takes a StringFormat, and pass GenericTypographic. Also, ensure the TextRenderingHint for the Graphics is AntiAlias.

The following code example is designed for use with Windows Forms, and it requires PaintEventArgs e, which is a parameter of the Paint event handler. The code performs the following actions:

  • Creates a string to measure and a font object set it to Arial (16 point).

  • Sets the maximum width of the string.

  • Creates a string format object and sets its format flags to DirectionVertical.

  • Creates a size object to measure the string.

  • Measures the size of the string, using the string, the font object, the maximum width, and the string format.

  • Draws a red rectangle using the measured size of the string.

  • Draws the string within the drawn rectangle.

The result is a vertical rectangle enclosing a vertical string.

private void MeasureStringWidthFormat(PaintEventArgs e)
{

    // Set up string. 
    string measureString = "Measure String";
    Font stringFont = new Font("Arial", 16);

    // Set maximum width of string. 
    int stringWidth = 100;

    // Set string format.
    StringFormat newStringFormat = new StringFormat();
    newStringFormat.FormatFlags = StringFormatFlags.DirectionVertical;

    // Measure string.
    SizeF stringSize = new SizeF();
    stringSize = e.Graphics.MeasureString(measureString, stringFont, stringWidth, newStringFormat);

    // Draw rectangle representing size of string.
    e.Graphics.DrawRectangle(new Pen(Color.Red, 1), 0.0F, 0.0F, stringSize.Width, stringSize.Height);

    // Draw string to screen.
    e.Graphics.DrawString(measureString, stringFont, Brushes.Black, new PointF(0, 0), newStringFormat);
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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