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DataSet.CreateDataReader Method

Returns a DataTableReader with one result set per DataTable, in the same sequence as the tables appear in the Tables collection.

Namespace:  System.Data
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)

public DataTableReader CreateDataReader()

Return Value

Type: System.Data.DataTableReader
A DataTableReader containing one or more result sets, corresponding to the DataTable instances contained within the source DataSet.

In order to ensure the order of the result sets within the returned DataTableReader, if a DataTable within the DataSet is empty, it is represented by an empty result set within the returned DataTableReader.

The following example creates three DataTable instances, and adds each to a DataSet. The example then passes the filled DataSet to a procedure that calls the CreateDataReader method, and proceeds to iterate through all the result sets contained within the DataTableReader. The example displays the results in the Console window.


static void Main()
{
    DataSet dataSet = new DataSet();
    // Add some DataTables to the DataSet, including
    // an empty DataTable:
    dataSet.Tables.Add(GetCustomers());
    dataSet.Tables.Add(new DataTable());
    dataSet.Tables.Add(GetProducts());
    TestCreateDataReader(dataSet);

    Console.WriteLine("Press any key to continue.");
    Console.ReadKey();
}

private static void TestCreateDataReader(DataSet dataSet)
{
    // Given a DataSet, retrieve a DataTableReader
    // allowing access to all the DataSet's data:
    using (DataTableReader reader = dataSet.CreateDataReader())
    {
        do
        {
            if (!reader.HasRows)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Empty DataTableReader");
            }
            else
            {
                PrintColumns(reader);
            }
            Console.WriteLine("========================");
        } while (reader.NextResult());
    }
}

private static DataTable GetCustomers()
{
    // Create sample Customers table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Mary" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Andy" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Peter" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "Russ" });
    return table;
}

private static DataTable GetProducts()
{
    // Create sample Products table, in order
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Wireless Network Card" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Hard Drive" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Monitor" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "CPU" });
    return table;
}

private static void PrintColumns(DataTableReader reader)
{
    // Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader
    while (reader.Read())
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < reader.FieldCount; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(reader[i] + " ");
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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