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Hashtable Constructor (IDictionary, Single, IEqualityComparer)

Initializes a new instance of the Hashtable class by copying the elements from the specified dictionary to the new Hashtable object. The new Hashtable object has an initial capacity equal to the number of elements copied, and uses the specified load factor and IEqualityComparer object.

Namespace:  System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public function Hashtable(
	d : IDictionary, 
	loadFactor : float, 
	equalityComparer : IEqualityComparer
)

Parameters

d
Type: System.Collections.IDictionary

The IDictionary object to copy to a new Hashtable object.

loadFactor
Type: System.Single

A number in the range from 0.1 through 1.0 that is multiplied by the default value which provides the best performance. The result is the maximum ratio of elements to buckets.

equalityComparer
Type: System.Collections.IEqualityComparer

The IEqualityComparer object that defines the hash code provider and the comparer to use with the Hashtable.

-or-

a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic) to use the default hash code provider and the default comparer. The default hash code provider is each key's implementation of Object.GetHashCode and the default comparer is each key's implementation of Object.Equals.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

d is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

loadFactor is less than 0.1.

-or-

loadFactor is greater than 1.0.

The initial capacity is set to the number of elements in the source dictionary. Capacity is automatically increased as required based on the load factor.

The load factor is the maximum ratio of elements to buckets. A smaller load factor means faster lookup at the cost of increased memory consumption. A load factor of 1.0 is the best balance between speed and size.

When the actual load factor reaches the specified load factor, the number of buckets is automatically increased to the smallest prime number that is larger than twice the current number of buckets.

The IEqualityComparer object includes both the hash code provider and the comparer. If an IEqualityComparer is used in the Hashtable constructor, the objects used as keys in the Hashtable object are not required to override the Object.GetHashCode and Object.Equals methods.

The hash code provider dispenses hash codes for keys in the Hashtable. The default hash code provider is the key's implementation of Object.GetHashCode.

The comparer determines whether two keys are equal. Every key in a Hashtable must be unique. The default comparer is the key's implementation of Object.Equals.

The IEqualityComparer enables scenarios such as doing lookups with case-insensitive strings.

The elements of the new Hashtable are sorted in the same order in which the enumerator iterates through the IDictionary object.

This constructor is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements in the d parameter.

The following code example creates hash tables using different Hashtable constructors and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the hash tables, even if each one contains the same elements.

No code example is currently available or this language may not be supported.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

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