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Hashtable Constructor (IDictionary, IEqualityComparer)

Initializes a new instance of the Hashtable class by copying the elements from the specified dictionary to a new Hashtable object. The new Hashtable object has an initial capacity equal to the number of elements copied, and uses the default load factor and the specified IEqualityComparer object.

Namespace:  System.Collections
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public:
Hashtable(
	IDictionary^ d, 
	IEqualityComparer^ equalityComparer
)

Parameters

d
Type: System.Collections::IDictionary
The IDictionary object to copy to a new Hashtable object.
equalityComparer
Type: System.Collections::IEqualityComparer
The IEqualityComparer object that defines the hash code provider and the comparer to use with the Hashtable.
-or-
nullptr to use the default hash code provider and the default comparer. The default hash code provider is each key's implementation of Object::GetHashCode and the default comparer is each key's implementation of Object::Equals.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

d is nullptr.

The initial capacity is set to the number of elements in the source dictionary. Capacity is automatically increased as required based on the load factor.

The load factor is the maximum ratio of elements to buckets. A smaller load factor means faster lookup at the cost of increased memory consumption.

When the actual load factor reaches the specified load factor, the number of buckets is automatically increased to the smallest prime number that is larger than twice the current number of buckets.

The IEqualityComparer object includes both the hash code provider and the comparer. If an IEqualityComparer is used in the Hashtable constructor, the objects used as keys in the Hashtable object are not required to override the Object::GetHashCode and Object::Equals methods.

The hash code provider dispenses hash codes for keys in the Hashtable. The default hash code provider is the key's implementation of Object::GetHashCode.

The comparer determines whether two keys are equal. Every key in a Hashtable must be unique. The default comparer is the key's implementation of Object::Equals.

The IEqualityComparer enables scenarios such as doing lookups with case-insensitive strings.

The elements of the new Hashtable are sorted in the same order in which the enumerator iterates through the IDictionary object.

This constructor is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements in the d parameter.

The following code example creates hash tables using different Hashtable constructors and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the hash tables, even if each one contains the same elements.


using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Globalization;

ref class myCultureComparer : public IEqualityComparer
{
public:
    CaseInsensitiveComparer^ myComparer;

public:
    myCultureComparer()
    {
        myComparer = CaseInsensitiveComparer::DefaultInvariant;
    }

public:
    myCultureComparer(CultureInfo^ myCulture)
    {
        myComparer = gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCulture);
    }

public:
    virtual bool Equals(Object^ x, Object^ y)
    {
        if (myComparer->Compare(x, y) == 0)
        {
            return true;
        }
        else
        {
            return false;
        }
    }

public:
    virtual int GetHashCode(Object^ obj)
    {
        // Compare the hash code for the lowercase versions of the strings.
        return obj->ToString()->ToLower()->GetHashCode();
    }
};

public ref class SamplesHashtable
{

public:
    static void Main()
    {
        // Create the dictionary.
        SortedList^ mySL = gcnew SortedList();
        mySL->Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL->Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL->Add("THIRD", "!");

        // Create a hash table using the default comparer.
        Hashtable^ myHT1 = gcnew Hashtable(mySL);

        // Create a hash table using the specified IEqualityComparer that uses
        // the CaseInsensitiveComparer.DefaultInvariant to determine equality.
        Hashtable^ myHT2 = gcnew Hashtable(mySL, gcnew myCultureComparer());

        // Create a hash table using an IEqualityComparer that is based on
        // the Turkish culture (tr-TR) where "I" is not the uppercase
        // version of "i".
        CultureInfo^ myCul = gcnew CultureInfo("tr-TR");
        Hashtable^ myHT3 = gcnew Hashtable(mySL, gcnew myCultureComparer(myCul));

        // Search for a key in each hash table.
        Console::WriteLine("first is in myHT1: {0}", myHT1->ContainsKey("first"));
        Console::WriteLine("first is in myHT2: {0}", myHT2->ContainsKey("first"));
        Console::WriteLine("first is in myHT3: {0}", myHT3->ContainsKey("first"));
    }
};

int main()
{
    SamplesHashtable::Main();
};

/* 
This code produces the following output. 
Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

first is in myHT1: False
first is in myHT2: True
first is in myHT3: False

*/


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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