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IBCPSession::BCPDone (OLE DB)

Commits the remaining rows to be sent to SQL Server. 

HRESULT BCPDone(void);

No other operation can be called on the IBCPSession interface after calling the BCPDone method. The only possibility is to call the IBCPSession::BCPInit method to initiate a new bulk copy operation. This is similar to calling the IRowsetFastLoad::Commit method.

S_OK

The method succeeded.

E_UNEXPECTED

The call to the method was unexpected. For example, the BCPInit method was not called before calling this method.

This sample shows how to use the IBCPSession interface.

The following Transact-SQL must be executed before running this sample:

create table fltest(col1 int, col2 int, col3 image)
insert into fltest values (1, 1, 0x0FF)
insert into fltest values (2, 2, 0xF00)
insert into fltest values (3, 3, 0xBAD)
insert into fltest values (4, 4, 0xFAD)

The sample connects to the master database.

When the sample runs, it creates outfile.dat in the project directory. The outfile.dat contains the data copied from the table in native (binary) mode.

You could use BCP to add this data back into the table with the following command:

bcp master..fltest in outfile.dat -n -T -Sserver

You will need to specify sqlncli11.lib when compiling this sample.

#define DBINITCONSTANTS   // Defined to initialize constants in oledb.h
#define INITGUID
#define MAX_ROWS  100

#include <windows.h>
#include <sqlext.h>
#include <sqlncli.h>
#include <oledberr.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#define SAFE_RELEASE(p) { \
   if (p) { \
   (p)->Release(); \
   (p)=NULL; \
   } \
}

// DumpErrorInfo queries error interfaces, retrieving available status or error information.
void DumpErrorInfo ( IUnknown* pObjectWithError, REFIID IID_InterfaceWithError ) {
   // Interfaces used in the example.
   IErrorInfo * pIErrorInfoAll = NULL;
   IErrorInfo * pIErrorInfoRecord = NULL;
   IErrorRecords * pIErrorRecords = NULL;
   ISupportErrorInfo * pISupportErrorInfo = NULL;
   ISQLErrorInfo * pISQLErrorInfo = NULL;
   ISQLServerErrorInfo * pISQLServerErrorInfo = NULL;

   // Number of error records.
   ULONG nRecs;
   ULONG nRec;

   // Basic error information from GetBasicErrorInfo.
   ERRORINFO errorinfo;

   // IErrorInfo values.
   BSTR bstrDescription;
   BSTR bstrSource;

   // ISQLErrorInfo parameters.
   BSTR bstrSQLSTATE;
   LONG lNativeError;

   // ISQLServerErrorInfo parameter pointers.
   SSERRORINFO * pSSErrorInfo = NULL;
   OLECHAR * pSSErrorStrings = NULL;

   // Hard-code a US English locale for the example.
   DWORD MYLOCALEID = 0x0409;

   // Only ask for error information if the interface supports it.
   if (FAILED(pObjectWithError->QueryInterface(IID_ISupportErrorInfo, (void**) &pISupportErrorInfo))) {
      wprintf(L"SupportErrorErrorInfo interface not supported\r\n");
      return;
   }

   if (FAILED(pISupportErrorInfo->InterfaceSupportsErrorInfo(IID_InterfaceWithError))) {
      wprintf(L"InterfaceWithError interface not supported\r\n");
      return;
   }

   // Do not test the return of GetErrorInfo. It can succeed and return
   // a NULL pointer in pIErrorInfoAll. Simply test the pointer.
   GetErrorInfo(0, &pIErrorInfoAll);

   if (pIErrorInfoAll != NULL) {
      // Test to see if it's a valid OLE DB IErrorInfo interface exposing a list of records.
      if (SUCCEEDED(pIErrorInfoAll->QueryInterface(IID_IErrorRecords, (void**) &pIErrorRecords))) {
         pIErrorRecords->GetRecordCount(&nRecs);

         // Within each record, retrieve information from each of the defined interfaces.
         for (nRec = 0; nRec < nRecs; nRec++) {
            // From IErrorRecords, get the HRESULT and a reference to the ISQLErrorInfo interface.
            pIErrorRecords->GetBasicErrorInfo(nRec, &errorinfo);
            pIErrorRecords->GetCustomErrorObject(nRec,IID_ISQLErrorInfo, (IUnknown**) &pISQLErrorInfo);

            // Display the HRESULT, then use the ISQLErrorInfo.
            wprintf(L"HRESULT:\t%#X\r\n", errorinfo.hrError);

            if (pISQLErrorInfo != NULL) {
               pISQLErrorInfo->GetSQLInfo(&bstrSQLSTATE, &lNativeError);

               // Display the SQLSTATE and native error values.
               wprintf(L"SQLSTATE:\t%s\r\nNative Error:\t%ld\r\n", bstrSQLSTATE, lNativeError);

               // SysFree BSTR references.
               SysFreeString(bstrSQLSTATE);

               // Get the ISQLServerErrorInfo interface from ISQLErrorInfo before releasing the reference.
               pISQLErrorInfo->QueryInterface( IID_ISQLServerErrorInfo, (void**) &pISQLServerErrorInfo); 

               pISQLErrorInfo->Release();
            }

            // Test to ensure the reference is valid, then get error information from ISQLServerErrorInfo.
            if (pISQLServerErrorInfo != NULL) {
               pISQLServerErrorInfo->GetErrorInfo(&pSSErrorInfo, &pSSErrorStrings);

               // ISQLServerErrorInfo::GetErrorInfo succeeds even when it has nothing to return. 
               // Test the pointers before using.
               if (pSSErrorInfo) {
                  // Display the state and severity from the returned information. 
                  // The error message comes from IErrorInfo::GetDescription.
                  wprintf(L"Error state:\t%d\r\nSeverity:\t%d\r\n", pSSErrorInfo->bState, pSSErrorInfo->bClass);

                  // IMalloc::Free needed to release references on returned values.
                  CoTaskMemFree(pSSErrorStrings);
                  CoTaskMemFree(pSSErrorInfo);
               }

               pISQLServerErrorInfo->Release();
            }

            if (SUCCEEDED(pIErrorRecords->GetErrorInfo(nRec, MYLOCALEID, &pIErrorInfoRecord))) {
               // Get the source and description (error message) from the record's IErrorInfo.
               pIErrorInfoRecord->GetSource(&bstrSource);
               pIErrorInfoRecord->GetDescription(&bstrDescription);

               if (bstrSource != NULL) {
                  wprintf(L"Source:\t\t%s\r\n", bstrSource);
                  SysFreeString(bstrSource);
               }

               if (bstrDescription != NULL) {
                  wprintf(L"Error message:\t%s\r\n", bstrDescription);
                  SysFreeString(bstrDescription);
               }

               pIErrorInfoRecord->Release();
            }
         }
         pIErrorRecords->Release();
      }
      else {
         // IErrorInfo is valid; get the source and description to see what it is.
         pIErrorInfoAll->GetSource(&bstrSource);
         pIErrorInfoAll->GetDescription(&bstrDescription);

         if (bstrSource != NULL) {
            wprintf(L"Source:\t\t%s\r\n", bstrSource);
            SysFreeString(bstrSource);
         }

         if (bstrDescription != NULL) {
            wprintf(L"Error message:\t%s\r\n", bstrDescription);
            SysFreeString(bstrDescription);
         }
      }

      pIErrorInfoAll->Release();
   }
   else 
      wprintf(L"GetErrorInfo has not returned ErrorInfo.\r\n");

   pISupportErrorInfo->Release();
   return;
}

IDBCreateSession *Connect () {
   // constant definitions
   static LPCWSTR pwszProviderString = L"server=(local)\\dschwart3;Database=master;Trusted_Connection=yes;";
   static LPCWSTR pwszDataSource     = NULL;
   static LPCWSTR pwszUserID         = NULL;
   static LPCWSTR pwszPassword       = NULL;

   IDBInitialize    * pIDBInitialize      = NULL;
   IDBProperties    * pIDBProperties      = NULL;
   IDBCreateSession * pIDBCreateSession   = NULL;

   HRESULT hr;

   // Obtain the provider's clsid
   CLSID clsidProv = CLSID_SQLNCLI10;

   // Initialize COM
   CoInitialize(NULL);

   hr = CoCreateInstance(clsidProv, NULL, CLSCTX_ALL, IID_IDBInitialize,(void **)&pIDBInitialize);
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
      return NULL;

   hr = pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface(IID_IDBProperties, (void **)&pIDBProperties);
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) 
      return NULL;

   // Set Init properties
   {
      DBPROPSET rgPropSets[1];
      ULONG     cPropSets   = 0;
      DBPROP    rgInitProperties[10];

      // Initialize Data source properties (connection info)
      {
         ULONG cProperties = 0;

         // DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE
         if (pwszDataSource) {
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID    = DBPROP_INIT_DATASOURCE;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwOptions       = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwStatus        = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].colid           = DB_NULLID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt       = VT_BSTR;
            V_BSTR(&rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue) = SysAllocString(pwszDataSource);               
            cProperties++;
         }

         // DBPROP_AUTH_USERID
         if (pwszUserID) {
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID    = DBPROP_AUTH_USERID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwOptions       = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwStatus        = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].colid           = DB_NULLID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt       = VT_BSTR;
            V_BSTR(&rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue) = SysAllocString(pwszUserID);
            cProperties++;
         }

         // DBPROP_AUTH_PASSWORD
         if (pwszPassword) {
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID    = DBPROP_AUTH_PASSWORD;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwOptions       = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwStatus        = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].colid           = DB_NULLID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt       = VT_BSTR;
            V_BSTR(&rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue) = SysAllocString(pwszPassword);
            cProperties++;
         }

         // DBPROP_INIT_PROVIDERSTRING
         if (pwszProviderString) {
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID    = DBPROP_INIT_PROVIDERSTRING;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwOptions       = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].dwStatus        = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].colid           = DB_NULLID;
            rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt       = VT_BSTR;
            V_BSTR(&rgInitProperties[cProperties].vValue) = SysAllocString(pwszProviderString);
            cProperties++;
         }

         if (cProperties) {
            rgPropSets[cPropSets].cProperties = cProperties;
            rgPropSets[cPropSets].rgProperties = rgInitProperties;
            rgPropSets[cPropSets].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_DBINIT;
            cPropSets++;
         }
      }

      // Initialize
      hr = pIDBProperties->SetProperties(cPropSets, rgPropSets);
      if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) {
         DumpErrorInfo(pIDBProperties, IID_IDBProperties);
         return NULL;
      }
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIDBProperties);

   hr = pIDBInitialize->Initialize();
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) {
      DumpErrorInfo(pIDBInitialize, IID_IDBInitialize);
      return NULL;
   }

   hr = pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface(IID_IDBProperties, (void **)&pIDBProperties);
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) { 
      DumpErrorInfo(pIDBInitialize, IID_IDBInitialize);
      return NULL;
   }

   // Set SQL Server Specific properties
   {
      DBPROPSET rgPropSets[1];
      ULONG cPropSets = 0;
      DBPROP rgSqlProperties[10];

      // Initialize the DBProps for fastload and BCP
      {
         ULONG cProperties = 0;

         // SSPROP_ENABLEFASTLOAD
         {
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID   = SSPROP_ENABLEFASTLOAD;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwOptions      = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwStatus       = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].colid          = DB_NULLID;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt      = VT_BOOL;
            V_BOOL(&rgSqlProperties[cProperties].vValue)= VARIANT_TRUE;
            cProperties++;
         }

         // SSPROP_ENABLEBULKCOPY
         {
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwPropertyID   = SSPROP_ENABLEBULKCOPY;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwOptions      = DBPROPOPTIONS_REQUIRED;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].dwStatus       = DBPROPSTATUS_OK;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].colid          = DB_NULLID;
            rgSqlProperties[cProperties].vValue.vt      = VT_BOOL;
            V_BOOL(&rgSqlProperties[cProperties].vValue)= VARIANT_TRUE;
            cProperties++;
         }

         rgPropSets[cPropSets].cProperties = cProperties;
         rgPropSets[cPropSets].rgProperties = rgSqlProperties;
         rgPropSets[cPropSets].guidPropertySet = DBPROPSET_SQLSERVERDATASOURCE;
         cPropSets++;
      }

      hr = pIDBProperties->SetProperties(cPropSets, rgPropSets);
      if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) { 
         DumpErrorInfo(pIDBProperties, IID_IDBProperties);
         return NULL;
      }
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIDBProperties);

   hr = pIDBInitialize->QueryInterface(IID_IDBCreateSession, (void **)&pIDBCreateSession);
   if (!SUCCEEDED(hr)) { 
      DumpErrorInfo(pIDBInitialize, IID_IDBInitialize);
      return NULL;
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIDBInitialize);

   return pIDBCreateSession;
}

void wmain() {
   static LPCWSTR pwszTableName   = L"fltest";
   static LPCWSTR pwszOutFileName = L"outfile.dat";
   static LPCWSTR pwszErrFileName = L"errfile.txt";

   DBROWCOUNT icRowsCopied = 0;

   IDBCreateSession * pIDBCreateSession = NULL;
   IBCPSession * pIBCPSession = NULL;

   HRESULT hr;

   pIDBCreateSession = Connect();
   if (!pIDBCreateSession) { 
      printf("Failed to connect\r\n");
      exit(1);
   }

   // get an IBCPSession interface
   hr = pIDBCreateSession->CreateSession(NULL, IID_IBCPSession, (IUnknown**) &pIBCPSession);

   if (FAILED(hr)) {
      printf("Failed to obtain an IBCPSession interface\r\n");
      DumpErrorInfo(pIDBCreateSession, IID_IDBCreateSession);
      exit(1);
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIDBCreateSession);

   // Initialize BCP

   // Here we create the mapping between file and table, identifying
   // which is the source and which is the destination through the final parameter
   // (here we are copying out of the table and into the file).
   hr = pIBCPSession->BCPInit(pwszTableName, pwszOutFileName, pwszErrFileName, BCP_DIRECTION_OUT);

   if (FAILED(hr)) {
      printf("BCPInit failed.\r\n");
      DumpErrorInfo(pIBCPSession, IID_IBCPSession);
      exit(1);
   }

   // You can set SSPROP_ASYNCH_BULKCOPY to TRUE to improve client latency here,
   // at which point BCPExec can return DB_S_ASYNCHRONOUS.
   do {
      hr = pIBCPSession->BCPExec(&icRowsCopied);
   } while (hr == DB_S_ASYNCHRONOUS);

   if (FAILED(hr)) {
      printf("BCPExec failed.\r\n");
      DumpErrorInfo(pIBCPSession, IID_IBCPSession);
      exit(1);
   }

   // flush the rest of the rows and finalize the transaction -- the process is complete.
   hr = pIBCPSession->BCPDone();
   if (FAILED(hr)) {
      printf("BCPDone failed.\r\n");
      DumpErrorInfo(pIBCPSession, IID_IBCPSession);
      exit(1);
   }

   SAFE_RELEASE(pIBCPSession);

   CoUninitialize();
}

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