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SafeWaitHandle Class

Represents a wrapper class for a wait handle.

Namespace:  Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public sealed class SafeWaitHandle : SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid

The SafeWaitHandle type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodSafeWaitHandleInitializes a new instance of the SafeWaitHandle class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyIsClosedGets a value indicating whether the handle is closed. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Public propertyIsInvalidGets a value that indicates whether the handle is invalid. (Inherited from SafeHandleZeroOrMinusOneIsInvalid.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodCloseMarks the handle for releasing and freeing resources. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Public methodDangerousAddRefManually increments the reference counter on SafeHandle instances. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Public methodDangerousGetHandleReturns the value of the handle field. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Public methodDangerousReleaseManually decrements the reference counter on a SafeHandle instance. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Public methodDispose()Releases all resources used by the SafeHandle class. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Protected methodDispose(Boolean)Releases the unmanaged resources used by the SafeHandle class specifying whether to perform a normal dispose operation. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified Object is equal to the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeFrees all resources associated with the handle. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as a hash function for a particular type. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodReleaseHandleWhen overridden in a derived class, executes the code required to free the handle. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Protected methodSetHandleSets the handle to the specified pre-existing handle. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Public methodSetHandleAsInvalidMarks a handle as no longer used. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Protected fieldhandleSpecifies the handle to be wrapped. (Inherited from SafeHandle.)
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The SafeWaitHandle class is used by the System.Threading.WaitHandle class. It is a wrapper for Win32 mutexes and auto and manual reset events.

The following code example demonstrates how to use interop to create a mutex using the SafeWaitHandle class and the unmanaged CreateMutex function.


using System;
using Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;


class SafeHandlesExample
{

    static void Main()
    {
        UnmanagedMutex uMutex = new UnmanagedMutex("YourCompanyName_SafeHandlesExample_MUTEX");

        try
        {

            uMutex.Create();
            Console.WriteLine("Mutex created. Press Enter to release it.");
            Console.ReadLine();


        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        finally
        {
            uMutex.Release();
            Console.WriteLine("Mutex Released.");
        }

        Console.ReadLine();


    }
}

class UnmanagedMutex 
{


    // Use interop to call the CreateMutex function.
    // For more information about CreateMutex,
    // see the unmanaged MSDN reference library.
    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet=CharSet.Unicode)]
    static extern SafeWaitHandle CreateMutex(IntPtr lpMutexAttributes, bool bInitialOwner,
    string lpName);


    // Use interop to call the ReleaseMutex function.
    // For more information about ReleaseMutex,
    // see the unmanaged MSDN reference library.
    [DllImport("kernel32.dll")]
    public static extern bool ReleaseMutex(SafeWaitHandle hMutex);



    private SafeWaitHandle handleValue = null;
    private IntPtr mutexAttrValue = IntPtr.Zero;
    private string nameValue = null;

    public UnmanagedMutex(string Name)
    {
        nameValue = Name;
    }


    public void Create()
    {
        if (nameValue == null && nameValue.Length == 0)
        {
            throw new ArgumentNullException("nameValue");
        }

        handleValue = CreateMutex(mutexAttrValue,
                                        true, nameValue);

        // If the handle is invalid,
        // get the last Win32 error 
        // and throw a Win32Exception.
        if (handleValue.IsInvalid)
        {
            Marshal.ThrowExceptionForHR(Marshal.GetHRForLastWin32Error());
        }
    }

    public SafeWaitHandle Handle
    {
        get
        {
            // If the handle is valid,
            // return it.
            if (!handleValue.IsInvalid)
            {
                return handleValue;
            }
            else
            {
                return null;
            }
        }

    }

    public string Name
    {
        get
        {
            return nameValue;
        }

    }


    public void Release()
    {
        ReleaseMutex(handleValue);
    }

}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

  • SecurityCriticalAttribute 

    requires full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted or transparent code.

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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