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SafeFileHandle Constructor

Initializes a new instance of the SafeFileHandle class.

Namespace:  Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public SafeFileHandle(
	IntPtr preexistingHandle,
	bool ownsHandle
)

Parameters

preexistingHandle
Type: System.IntPtr

An IntPtr object that represents the pre-existing handle to use.

ownsHandle
Type: System.Boolean

true to reliably release the handle during the finalization phase; false to prevent reliable release (not recommended).

The following example demonstrates how to open a file by using the SafeFileHandle class and the unmanaged CreateFile function.

using System;
using Microsoft.Win32.SafeHandles;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.ComponentModel;

class SafeHandlesExample
{

    static void Main()
    {
        try
        {

            UnmanagedFileLoader loader = new UnmanagedFileLoader("example.xml");


        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        Console.ReadLine();


    }
}

class UnmanagedFileLoader
{

    public const short FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL = 0x80;
    public const short INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE = -1;
    public const uint GENERIC_READ = 0x80000000;
    public const uint GENERIC_WRITE = 0x40000000;
    public const uint CREATE_NEW = 1;
    public const uint CREATE_ALWAYS = 2;
    public const uint OPEN_EXISTING = 3;

    // Use interop to call the CreateFile function. 
    // For more information about CreateFile, 
    // see the unmanaged MSDN reference library.
    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", SetLastError = true, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
    static extern IntPtr CreateFile(string lpFileName, uint dwDesiredAccess,
      uint dwShareMode, IntPtr lpSecurityAttributes, uint dwCreationDisposition,
      uint dwFlagsAndAttributes, IntPtr hTemplateFile);


    private SafeFileHandle handleValue = null;


    public UnmanagedFileLoader(string Path)
    {
        Load(Path);
    }


    public void Load(string Path)
    {
        if (Path == null && Path.Length == 0)
        {
            throw new ArgumentNullException("Path");
        }

         // Try to open the file.
        IntPtr ptr = CreateFile(Path, GENERIC_WRITE, 0, IntPtr.Zero, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, IntPtr.Zero);

        handleValue = new SafeFileHandle(ptr, true);

        // If the handle is invalid, 
         // get the last Win32 error  
         // and throw a Win32Exception. 
         if (handleValue.IsInvalid)
         {
             Marshal.ThrowExceptionForHR(Marshal.GetHRForLastWin32Error());
         }
    }

    public SafeFileHandle Handle
    {
        get
        {
            // If the handle is valid, 
            // return it. 
            if (!handleValue.IsInvalid)
            {
                return handleValue;
            }
            else
            {
                return null;
            }
        }

    }

}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

  • SecurityCriticalAttribute 

    requires full trust for the immediate caller. This member cannot be used by partially trusted or transparent code.

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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