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ClassInitializeAttribute Class

Identifies a method that contains code that must be used before any of the tests in the test class have run and to allocate resources to be used by the test class. This class cannot be inherited.

System.Object
  System.Attribute
    Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UnitTesting.ClassInitializeAttribute

Namespace:  Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UnitTesting
Assembly:  Microsoft.VisualStudio.QualityTools.UnitTestFramework (in Microsoft.VisualStudio.QualityTools.UnitTestFramework.dll)

[AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Method, AllowMultiple = false)]
public sealed class ClassInitializeAttribute : Attribute

The ClassInitializeAttribute type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodClassInitializeAttributeInitializes a new instance of the ClassInitializeAttribute class.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyTypeIdWhen implemented in a derived class, gets a unique identifier for this Attribute. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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  NameDescription
Public methodEqualsInfrastructure. Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetHashCodeReturns the hash code for this instance. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodIsDefaultAttributeWhen overridden in a derived class, indicates whether the value of this instance is the default value for the derived class. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodMatchWhen overridden in a derived class, returns a value that indicates whether this instance equals a specified object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetIDsOfNamesMaps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoRetrieves the type information for an object, which can be used to get the type information for an interface. (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.GetTypeInfoCountRetrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1). (Inherited from Attribute.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate method_Attribute.InvokeProvides access to properties and methods exposed by an object. (Inherited from Attribute.)
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When run in a load test, the method marked with this attribute will run once, and any initialization operations it performs will apply to the entire test. If you need to do initialization operations once for every virtual user iteration in the test, use the TestInitializeAttribute.

The order that methods will be run is:

  1. Methods marked with the AssemblyInitializeAttribute.

  2. Methods marked with the ClassInitializeAttribute.

  3. Methods marked with the TestInitializeAttribute.

  4. Methods marked with the TestMethodAttribute.

Only one method in a class may be decorated with this attribute.

Important noteImportant

This attribute should not be used on ASP.NET unit tests, that is, any test with [HostType("ASP.NET")] attribute. Because of the stateless nature of IIS and ASP.NET, a method decorated with this attribute may be called more than once per test run.

This attribute can be specified on a method. Only one instance of this attribute may be applied to a method.

For more information about how to use attributes, see Extending Metadata Using Attributes.

The following examples demonstrate the initialization and clean-up attributes used to indicate which methods should be run by the test engine at different periods of the test.

The first code samples contain a class and method to test. To run this example, create a class library project and replace the code with the following example.

using System;

namespace SampleClassLib
{
    public class DivideClass
    {
        public static int DivideMethod(int denominator)
        {
            return (2 / denominator);
        }
    }
}

The following example contains code to test DivideMethod() found in the previous code examples. Create a test project and put the following code in a test class document. Add the appropriate references to the project. This code contains attributes that control the initialization and clean-up execution order for the method, class, and assembly.

In particular, note the ClassInitialize attribute on the ClassInit()method.

using Microsoft.VisualStudio.TestTools.UnitTesting;
using SampleClassLib;
using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace TestNamespace
{
    [TestClass()]
    public sealed class DivideClassTest
    {
        [AssemblyInitialize()]
        public static void AssemblyInit(TestContext context)
        {
            MessageBox.Show("AssemblyInit " + context.TestName);
        }

        [ClassInitialize()]
        public static void ClassInit(TestContext context)
        {
            MessageBox.Show("ClassInit " + context.TestName);
        }

        [TestInitialize()]
        public void Initialize()
        {
            MessageBox.Show("TestMethodInit");
        }

        [TestCleanup()]
        public void Cleanup()
        {
            MessageBox.Show("TestMethodCleanup");
        }

        [ClassCleanup()]
        public static void ClassCleanup()
        {
            MessageBox.Show("ClassCleanup");
        }

        [AssemblyCleanup()]
        public static void AssemblyCleanup()
        {
            MessageBox.Show("AssemblyCleanup");
        }

        [TestMethod()]
        [ExpectedException(typeof(System.DivideByZeroException))]
        public void DivideMethodTest()
        {
            DivideClass.DivideMethod(0);
        }
    }
}

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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