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ReplicationServer Class

Represents an instance of Microsoft SQL Server that is involved in replication. It can take the role of Distributor, Publisher, Subscriber, or any combination of them.

System.Object
  Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication.ReplicationObject
    Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication.ReplicationServer

Namespace:  Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication
Assembly:  Microsoft.SqlServer.Rmo (in Microsoft.SqlServer.Rmo.dll)

[GuidAttribute("5B213416-FA88-41bd-A8D5-B019888FDF47")]
public sealed class ReplicationServer : ReplicationObject

The ReplicationServer type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodReplicationServer()Initializes a new instance of the ReplicationServer class.
Public methodReplicationServer(ServerConnection)Initializes a new instance of the ReplicationServer class with the specified connection context that is used to establish a connection with the instance of Microsoft SQL Server.
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  NameDescription
Public propertyAgentCheckupIntervalGets or sets the interval for the Distribution Agent to perform a checkup.
Public propertyCachePropertyChangesGets or sets whether to cache changes made to the replication properties or to apply them immediately. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public propertyConnectionContextGets or sets the connection to an instance of Microsoft SQL Server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public propertyDistributionDatabaseGets the name of the distribution database for the currently connected instance of SQL Server. 
Public propertyDistributionDatabasesGets the distribution databases defined on the replication server.
Public propertyDistributionPublishersGets the Publishers that use the currently connected instance of Microsoft SQL Server as a Distributor.
Public propertyDistributionServerGets or sets the name of the Distributor for the currently connected instance of SQL Server.
Public propertyDistributorAvailableGets whether the Distributor for the currently connected instance of Microsoft SQL Server is currently connected and available or not.
Public propertyDistributorInstalledGets whether the currently connected instance of SQL Server has a local or remote Distributor. 
Public propertyHasRemotePublisherGets whether or not the currently connected instance of Microsoft SQL Server is a Distributor with a remote Publisher. 
Public propertyIsDistributorGets whether the currently connected instance of SQL Server is a Distributor or not.
Public propertyIsExistingObjectGets whether the object exists on the server or not. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public propertyIsPublisherGets whether or not the currently connected instance of Microsoft SQL Server is a Publisher.
Public propertyNameGets the name of the instance of Microsoft SQL Server.
Public propertyRegisteredSubscribersGets the Subscribers registered with the Publisher.
Public propertyReplicationDatabasesGets the databases enabled for replication in the connected instance of Microsoft SQL Server.
Public propertySqlServerNameGets the name of the Microsoft SQL Server instance to which this object is connected. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public propertyUserDataGets or sets an object property that allows users to attach their own data to the object. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public propertyWorkingDirectoryGets the working directory used by a Publisher.
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  NameDescription
Public methodAttachSubscriptionDatabaseAttaches a copied subscription database at the Subscriber.
Public methodChangeDistributorPassword(SecureString)Changes the Distributor password, where the new password is supplied as a SecureString object.
Public methodChangeDistributorPassword(String)Changes the Distributor password.
Public methodChangeReplicationServerPasswords(ReplicationSecurityMode, String, SecureString)Changes all stored instances of the password for a login maintained on the replication server using a SecureString object.
Public methodChangeReplicationServerPasswords(ReplicationSecurityMode, String, String)Changes all stored instances of the password for a login maintained on the replication server.
Protected methodCheckValidCreationInfrastructure. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Protected methodCheckValidDefinitionInfrastructure. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodCommitPropertyChangesSends all the cached property change statements to the instance of Microsoft SQL Server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodCopySubscriptionDatabaseCopies an existing pull subscription database.
Public methodDecoupleDecouples the referenced replication object from the server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodEnumAgentProfilesReturns the replication agent performance profiles supported on the server.
Public methodEnumBusinessLogicHandlersReturns the business logic handlers registered at the server.
Public methodEnumCurrentPrincipalsReturns information for all published databases that are participating in database mirroring.
Public methodEnumCustomResolversReturns all custom conflict resolvers registered on the connected instance of SQL Server.
Public methodEnumDistributionDatabasesReturns the distribution databases installed when the currently connected instance of Microsoft SQL Server is a Distributor.
Public methodEnumDistributionPublishersReturns the Publishers using the currently connected instance of Microsoft SQL Server as their Distributor. 
Public methodEnumHeterogeneousColumnsReturns the columns in a table on a non-SQL Server Publisher.
Public methodEnumHeterogeneousTablesReturns the available tables on a non-SQL Server Publisher.
Public methodEnumLightPublicationsInfrastructure.
Public methodEnumRegisteredSubscribersReturns the Subscribers that are registered at a Publisher.
Public methodEnumReplicationDatabasesReturns the databases enabled for replication.
Public methodEnumSubscriberSubscriptionsReturns the subscriptions on a Subscriber server.
Public methodEquals (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalize (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodGetChangeCommandInfrastructure. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Protected methodGetCreateCommandInfrastructure. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodGetCurrentPrincipalReturns the current database mirroring principal for the specified publication database.
Protected methodGetDropCommandInfrastructure. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodGetHashCode (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetOriginalPublisherReturns the name of the originating Publisher for a published database participating in a database mirroring session.
Public methodGetType (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodInstallDistributor(SecureString, DistributionDatabase)Installs a Distributor on the currently connected instance of Microsoft SQL Server, where the password is specified using a SecureString object.
Public methodInstallDistributor(String, DistributionDatabase)Installs a Distributor on the currently connected instance of Microsoft SQL Server.
Public methodInstallDistributor(String, SecureString)Registers a remote Distributor, where the password is specified using a SecureString object.
Public methodInstallDistributor(String, String)Registers a remote Distributor.
Protected methodInternalRefreshInfrastructure. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodLoadLoads the properties of an existing object from the server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodLoadPropertiesLoads the properties of an existing object from the server. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Protected methodMemberwiseClone (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodRefreshReloads the properties of the object. (Inherited from ReplicationObject.)
Public methodScriptReturns a Transact-SQL script to install or uninstall replication on the server.
Public methodScriptInstallDistributorReturns a Transact-SQL script that installs the Distributor.
Public methodScriptUninstallDistributorReturns a Transact-SQL script that can be used to uninstall the Distributor.
Public methodToString (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodUninstallDistributorUninstalls replication publishing and distribution on the currently connected instance of SQL Server. 
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This namespace, class, or member is supported only in version 2.0 of the .NET Framework.

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Microsoft Visual Basic) members of this type are safe for multithreaded operations. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

This example shows how a ReplicationServer object is used to enable publishing.

			// Set the server and database names
			string distributionDbName = "distribution";
			string publisherName = publisherInstance;
			string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks2008R2";

			DistributionDatabase distributionDb;
			ReplicationServer distributor;
			DistributionPublisher publisher;
			ReplicationDatabase publicationDb;

			// Create a connection to the server using Windows Authentication.
			ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);

			try
			{
				// Connect to the server acting as the Distributor 
				// and local Publisher.
				conn.Connect();

				// Define the distribution database at the Distributor,
				// but do not create it now.
				distributionDb = new DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn);
				distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 96;
				distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 120;

				// Set the Distributor properties and install the Distributor.
				// This also creates the specified distribution database.
				distributor = new ReplicationServer(conn);
				distributor.InstallDistributor((string)null, distributionDb);

				// Set the Publisher properties and install the Publisher.
				publisher = new DistributionPublisher(publisherName, conn);
				publisher.DistributionDatabase = distributionDb.Name;
				publisher.WorkingDirectory = @"\\" + publisherName + @"\repldata";
				publisher.PublisherSecurity.WindowsAuthentication = true;
				publisher.Create();

				// Enable AdventureWorks as a publication database.
				publicationDb = new ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, conn);

				publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = true;
				publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = true;
			}
			catch (Exception ex)
			{
				// Implement appropriate error handling here.
				throw new ApplicationException("An error occured when installing distribution and publishing.", ex);
			}
			finally
			{
				conn.Disconnect();
			}


' Set the server and database names
Dim distributionDbName As String = "distribution"
Dim publisherName As String = publisherInstance
Dim publicationDbName As String = "AdventureWorks2008R2"

Dim distributionDb As DistributionDatabase
Dim distributor As ReplicationServer
Dim publisher As DistributionPublisher
Dim publicationDb As ReplicationDatabase

' Create a connection to the server using Windows Authentication.
Dim conn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(publisherName)

Try
    ' Connect to the server acting as the Distributor 
    ' and local Publisher.
    conn.Connect()

    ' Define the distribution database at the Distributor,
    ' but do not create it now.
    distributionDb = New DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn)
    distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 96
    distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 120

    ' Set the Distributor properties and install the Distributor.
    ' This also creates the specified distribution database.
    distributor = New ReplicationServer(conn)
    distributor.InstallDistributor((CType(Nothing, String)), distributionDb)

    ' Set the Publisher properties and install the Publisher.
    publisher = New DistributionPublisher(publisherName, conn)
    publisher.DistributionDatabase = distributionDb.Name
    publisher.WorkingDirectory = "\\" + publisherName + "\repldata"
    publisher.PublisherSecurity.WindowsAuthentication = True
    publisher.Create()

    ' Enable AdventureWorks as a publication database.
    publicationDb = New ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, conn)

    publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = True
    publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = True

Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement appropriate error handling here.
    Throw New ApplicationException("An error occured when installing distribution and publishing.", ex)

Finally
    conn.Disconnect()

End Try


This example shows how to use a ReplicationServer object to change Distributor properties.

			// Set the Distributor and distribution database names.
			string distributionDbName = "distribution";
			string distributorName = publisherInstance;

			ReplicationServer distributor;
			DistributionDatabase distributionDb;

			// Create a connection to the Distributor using Windows Authentication.
			ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(distributorName);

			try
			{
				// Open the connection. 
				conn.Connect();

				distributor = new ReplicationServer(conn);

				// Load Distributor properties, if it is installed.
				if (distributor.LoadProperties())
				{
					// Password supplied at runtime.
					distributor.ChangeDistributorPassword(password);
					distributor.AgentCheckupInterval = 5;

					// Save changes to the Distributor properties.
					distributor.CommitPropertyChanges();
				}
				else
				{
					throw new ApplicationException(
						String.Format("{0} is not a Distributor.", publisherInstance));
				}

				// Create an object for the distribution database 
				// using the open Distributor connection.
				distributionDb = new DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn);

				// Change distribution database properties.
				if (distributionDb.LoadProperties())
				{
					// Change maximum retention period to 48 hours and history retention 
					// period to 24 hours.
					distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 48;
					distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 24;

					// Save changes to the distribution database properties.
					distributionDb.CommitPropertyChanges();
				}
				else
				{
					// Do something here if the distribution database does not exist.
				}
			}
			catch (Exception ex)
			{
				// Implement the appropriate error handling here. 
				throw new ApplicationException("An error occured when changing Distributor " +
					" or distribution database properties.", ex);
			}
			finally
			{
				conn.Disconnect();
			}


' Set the Distributor and distribution database names.
Dim distributionDbName As String = "distribution"
Dim distributorName As String = publisherInstance

Dim distributor As ReplicationServer
Dim distributionDb As DistributionDatabase

' Create a connection to the Distributor using Windows Authentication.
Dim conn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(distributorName)

Try
    ' Open the connection. 
    conn.Connect()

    distributor = New ReplicationServer(conn)

    ' Load Distributor properties, if it is installed.
    If distributor.LoadProperties() Then
        ' Password supplied at runtime.
        distributor.ChangeDistributorPassword(password)
        distributor.AgentCheckupInterval = 5

        ' Save changes to the Distributor properties.
        distributor.CommitPropertyChanges()
    Else
        Throw New ApplicationException( _
            String.Format("{0} is not a Distributor.", publisherInstance))
    End If

    ' Create an object for the distribution database 
    ' using the open Distributor connection.
    distributionDb = New DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, conn)

    ' Change distribution database properties.
    If distributionDb.LoadProperties() Then
        ' Change maximum retention period to 48 hours and history retention 
        ' period to 24 hours.
        distributionDb.MaxDistributionRetention = 48
        distributionDb.HistoryRetention = 24

        ' Save changes to the distribution database properties.
        distributionDb.CommitPropertyChanges()
    Else
        ' Do something here if the distribution database does not exist.
    End If
Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement the appropriate error handling here. 
    Throw New ApplicationException("An error occured when changing Distributor " + _
        " or distribution database properties.", ex)
Finally
    conn.Disconnect()
End Try


This example shows how a ReplicationServer object is used to disable publishing.

			// Set the Distributor and publication database names.
			// Publisher and Distributor are on the same server instance.
			string publisherName = publisherInstance;
			string distributorName = publisherInstance;
			string distributionDbName = "distribution";
			string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks";

			// Create connections to the Publisher and Distributor
			// using Windows Authentication.
			ServerConnection publisherConn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);
			ServerConnection distributorConn = new ServerConnection(distributorName);

			// Create the objects we need.
			ReplicationServer distributor =
				new ReplicationServer(distributorConn);
			DistributionPublisher publisher;
			DistributionDatabase distributionDb =
				new DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, distributorConn);
			ReplicationDatabase publicationDb;
			publicationDb = new ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, publisherConn);

			try
			{
				// Connect to the Publisher and Distributor.
				publisherConn.Connect();
				distributorConn.Connect();

                // Disable all publishing on the AdventureWorks2008R2 database.
				if (publicationDb.LoadProperties())
				{
					if (publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing)
					{
						publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = false;
					}
					else if (publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing)
					{
						publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = false;
					}
				}
				else
				{
					throw new ApplicationException(
						String.Format("The {0} database does not exist.", publicationDbName));
				}

				// We cannot uninstall the Publisher if there are still Subscribers.
				if (distributor.RegisteredSubscribers.Count == 0)
				{
					// Uninstall the Publisher, if it exists.
					publisher = new DistributionPublisher(publisherName, distributorConn);
					if (publisher.LoadProperties())
					{
						publisher.Remove(false);
					}
					else
					{
						// Do something here if the Publisher does not exist.
						throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
							"{0} is not a Publisher for {1}.", publisherName, distributorName));
					}

					// Drop the distribution database.
					if (distributionDb.LoadProperties())
					{
						distributionDb.Remove();
					}
					else
					{
						// Do something here if the distribition DB does not exist.
						throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
							"The distribution database '{0}' does not exist on {1}.",
							distributionDbName, distributorName));
					}

					// Uninstall the Distributor, if it exists.
					if (distributor.LoadProperties())
					{
						// Passing a value of false means that the Publisher 
						// and distribution databases must already be uninstalled,
						// and that no local databases be enabled for publishing.
						distributor.UninstallDistributor(false);
					}
					else
					{
						//Do something here if the distributor does not exist.
						throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
							"The Distributor '{0}' does not exist.", distributorName));
					}
				}
				else
				{
					throw new ApplicationException("You must first delete all subscriptions.");
				}
			}
			catch (Exception ex)
			{
				// Implement appropriate error handling here.
				throw new ApplicationException("The Publisher and Distributor could not be uninstalled", ex);
			}
			finally
			{
				publisherConn.Disconnect();
				distributorConn.Disconnect();
			}


' Set the Distributor and publication database names.
' Publisher and Distributor are on the same server instance.
Dim publisherName As String = publisherInstance
Dim distributorName As String = subscriberInstance
Dim distributionDbName As String = "distribution"
Dim publicationDbName As String = "AdventureWorks2008R2"

' Create connections to the Publisher and Distributor
' using Windows Authentication.
Dim publisherConn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(publisherName)
Dim distributorConn As ServerConnection = New ServerConnection(distributorName)

' Create the objects we need.
Dim distributor As ReplicationServer
distributor = New ReplicationServer(distributorConn)
Dim publisher As DistributionPublisher
Dim distributionDb As DistributionDatabase
distributionDb = New DistributionDatabase(distributionDbName, distributorConn)
Dim publicationDb As ReplicationDatabase
publicationDb = New ReplicationDatabase(publicationDbName, publisherConn)

Try
    ' Connect to the Publisher and Distributor.
    publisherConn.Connect()
    distributorConn.Connect()

    ' Disable all publishing on the AdventureWorks database.
    If publicationDb.LoadProperties() Then
        If publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing Then
            publicationDb.EnabledMergePublishing = False
        ElseIf publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing Then
            publicationDb.EnabledTransPublishing = False
        End If
    Else
        Throw New ApplicationException( _
            String.Format("The {0} database does not exist.", publicationDbName))
    End If

    ' We cannot uninstall the Publisher if there are still Subscribers.
    If distributor.RegisteredSubscribers.Count = 0 Then
        ' Uninstall the Publisher, if it exists.
        publisher = New DistributionPublisher(publisherName, distributorConn)
        If publisher.LoadProperties() Then
            publisher.Remove(False)
        Else
            ' Do something here if the Publisher does not exist.
            Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
                "{0} is not a Publisher for {1}.", publisherName, distributorName))
        End If

        ' Drop the distribution database.
        If distributionDb.LoadProperties() Then
            distributionDb.Remove()
        Else
            ' Do something here if the distribition DB does not exist.
            Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
             "The distribution database '{0}' does not exist on {1}.", _
             distributionDbName, distributorName))
        End If

        ' Uninstall the Distributor, if it exists.
        If distributor.LoadProperties() Then
            ' Passing a value of false means that the Publisher 
            ' and distribution databases must already be uninstalled,
            ' and that no local databases be enabled for publishing.
            distributor.UninstallDistributor(False)
        Else
            'Do something here if the distributor does not exist.
            Throw New ApplicationException(String.Format( _
                "The Distributor '{0}' does not exist.", distributorName))
        End If
    Else
        Throw New ApplicationException("You must first delete all subscriptions.")
    End If

Catch ex As Exception
    ' Implement appropriate error handling here.
    Throw New ApplicationException("The Publisher and Distributor could not be uninstalled", ex)

Finally
    publisherConn.Disconnect()
    distributorConn.Disconnect()

End Try


Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

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