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MergeSynchronizationAgent.Synchronize Method

Starts the Merge Agent to synchronize the subscription.

Namespace: Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication
Assembly: Microsoft.SqlServer.Replication (in microsoft.sqlserver.replication.dll)

public virtual void Synchronize ()
public void Synchronize ()
public function Synchronize ()

This method synchronously starts the Merge Agent. To start the Merge Agent asynchronously, call SynchronizeWithJob for a pull subscription or SynchronizeWithJob for a push subscription.

Calling Synchronize is same as calling the Initialize, Run, and Terminate methods on the SQLMerge Object (Replication ActiveX).


In the following example, the Synchronize method is called on the instance of the MergeSynchronizationAgent class accessed from the SynchronizationAgent property to synchronize the push subscription.

// Define the server, publication, and database names.
string subscriberName = subscriberInstance;
string publisherName = publisherInstance;
string publicationName = "AdvWorksSalesOrdersMerge";
string subscriptionDbName = "AdventureWorksReplica";
string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks";

// Create a connection to the Publisher.
ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(publisherName);

MergeSubscription subscription;

try
{
    // Connect to the Publisher
    conn.Connect();

    // Define the subscription.
    subscription = new MergeSubscription();
    subscription.ConnectionContext = conn;
    subscription.DatabaseName = publicationDbName;
    subscription.PublicationName = publicationName;
    subscription.SubscriptionDBName = subscriptionDbName;
    subscription.SubscriberName = subscriberName;

    // If the push subscription exists, start the synchronization.
    if (subscription.LoadProperties())
    {
        // Check that we have enough metadata to start the agent.
        if (subscription.SubscriberSecurity != null)
        {
            // Synchronously start the Merge Agent for the subscription.
            subscription.SynchronizationAgent.Synchronize();
        }
        else
        {
            throw new ApplicationException("There is insufficent metadata to " +
                "synchronize the subscription. Recreate the subscription with " +
                "the agent job or supply the required agent properties at run time.");
        }
    }
    else
    {
        // Do something here if the push subscription does not exist.
        throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
            "The subscription to '{0}' does not exist on {1}",
            publicationName, subscriberName));
    }
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    // Implement appropriate error handling here.
    throw new ApplicationException("The subscription could not be synchronized.", ex);
}
finally
{
    conn.Disconnect();
}

In the following example, an instance of the MergeSynchronizationAgent class is used to synchronize a merge subscription. Because the pull subscription was created by using a value of false for CreateSyncAgentByDefault, additional properties must be supplied.

// Define the server, publication, and database names.
string subscriberName = subscriberInstance;
string publisherName = publisherInstance;
string distributorName = distributorInstance;
string publicationName = "AdvWorksSalesOrdersMerge";
string subscriptionDbName = "AdventureWorksReplica";
string publicationDbName = "AdventureWorks";
string hostname = @"adventure-works\garrett1";
string webSyncUrl = "https://" + publisherInstance + "/SalesOrders/replisapi.dll";

// Create a connection to the Subscriber.
ServerConnection conn = new ServerConnection(subscriberName);

MergePullSubscription subscription;
MergeSynchronizationAgent agent;

try
{
    // Connect to the Subscriber.
    conn.Connect();

    // Define the pull subscription.
    subscription = new MergePullSubscription();
    subscription.ConnectionContext = conn;
    subscription.DatabaseName = subscriptionDbName;
    subscription.PublisherName = publisherName;
    subscription.PublicationDBName = publicationDbName;
    subscription.PublicationName = publicationName;

    // If the pull subscription exists, then start the synchronization.
    if (subscription.LoadProperties())
    {
        // Get the agent for the subscription.
        agent = subscription.SynchronizationAgent;

        // Check that we have enough metadata to start the agent.
        if (agent.PublisherSecurityMode == null)
        {
            // Set the required properties that could not be returned
            // from the MSsubscription_properties table. 
            agent.PublisherSecurityMode = SecurityMode.Integrated;
            agent.DistributorSecurityMode = SecurityMode.Integrated;
            agent.Distributor = publisherName;
            agent.HostName = hostname;

            // Set optional Web synchronization properties.
            agent.UseWebSynchronization = true;
            agent.InternetUrl = webSyncUrl;
            agent.InternetSecurityMode = SecurityMode.Standard;
            agent.InternetLogin = winLogin;
            agent.InternetPassword = winPassword;
        }
        // Enable agent output to the console.
        agent.OutputVerboseLevel = 1;
        agent.Output = "";

        // Synchronously start the Merge Agent for the subscription.
        agent.Synchronize();
    }
    else
    {
        // Do something here if the pull subscription does not exist.
        throw new ApplicationException(String.Format(
            "A subscription to '{0}' does not exist on {1}",
            publicationName, subscriberName));
    }
}
catch (Exception ex)
{
    // Implement appropriate error handling here.
    throw new ApplicationException("The subscription could not be " +
        "synchronized. Verify that the subscription has " +
        "been defined correctly.", ex);
}
finally
{
    conn.Disconnect();
}

Any public static (Shared in Microsoft Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

Development Platforms

For a list of the supported platforms, see Hardware and Software Requirements for Installing SQL Server 2005.

Target Platforms

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