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SPRoleDefinition class

Defines a single role definition, including a name, description, management properties, and a set of rights.

System.Object
  Microsoft.SharePoint.SPRoleDefinition

Namespace:  Microsoft.SharePoint
Assembly:  Microsoft.SharePoint (in Microsoft.SharePoint.dll)

'Declaration
PublicNotInheritableClassSPRoleDefinition
'Usage
DiminstanceAsSPRoleDefinition

Use the RoleDefinitions property of the SPWeb class to get the collection of role definitions for a Web site. Use an indexer to return a single item from the collection. For example, if the collection is assigned to a variable named collRoleDefinitions, use collRoleDefinitions[index] in C#, or collRoleDefinitions(index) in Visual Basic, where index is either the index number of the item in the collection or a string that contains the name of the role definition.

There is not a method to retrieve user role assignments on a SharePoint Foundation list object. However, the code below allows you to retrieve this list.


private void AddListRoleAssignmentNodes(SPList objList)
{ 
   try
   {
      if (objList.HasUniqueRoleAssignments)
      {
         SPRoleAssignmentCollection oRoleAssignments =
            objList.RoleAssignments;

         foreach (SPRoleAssignment oRoleAssignment in oRoleAssignments)
         {
            SPPrincipal oPrincipal = oRoleAssignment.Member;
            try
            {
               // Retrieve users having explicit permissions on the list
               SPUser oRoleUser = (SPUser)oPrincipal;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
               string msg = ex.Message;
            }
            try
            {
               // Retrieve user groups having permissions on the list
               SPGroup oRoleGroup = (SPGroup)oPrincipal;

               if (oRoleGroup.Users.Count > 0)
               { 
                  string strGroupName = oRoleGroup.Name;
                  // Add code here to retrieve Users inside this User-Group
               }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
               string msg = ex.Message;
            }
         }
      }
   }
   catch (Exception ex)
   {
      string msg = ex.Message;
   }
}

Private Sub AddListRoleAssignmentNodes(ByVal objList As SPList)
   Try
     If objList.HasUniqueRoleAssignments Then
       Dim oRoleAssignments As SPRoleAssignmentCollection = objList.RoleAssignments

       For Each oRoleAssignment As SPRoleAssignment In oRoleAssignments
         Dim oPrincipal As SPPrincipal = oRoleAssignment.Member
         Try
            ' Retrieve users having explicit permissions on the list
            Dim oRoleUser As SPUser = CType(oPrincipal, SPUser)
         Catch ex As Exception
            Dim msg As String = ex.Message
         End Try
         Try
            ' Retrieve user groups having permissions on the list
            Dim oRoleGroup As SPGroup = CType(oPrincipal, SPGroup)

            If oRoleGroup.Users.Count > 0 Then
              Dim strGroupName As String = oRoleGroup.Name
              ' Add code here to retrieve Users inside this User-Group
            End If
         Catch ex As Exception
            Dim msg As String = ex.Message
         End Try
       Next oRoleAssignment
     End If
   Catch ex As Exception
     Dim msg As String = ex.Message
   End Try
End Sub

The following code example modifies the base permissions of a specified role definition.

Using oWebsite As SPWeb = SPContext.Current.Site.AllWebs("Site_Name/Subsite_Name")
   Dim collRoles As SPRoleDefinitionCollection = oWebsite.RoleDefinitions

   Dim oRoleDefinition As SPRoleDefinition = collRoles("Definition_Name")
   oRoleDefinition.BasePermissions = SPBasePermissions.AddListItems Or SPBasePermissions.BrowseDirectories Or SPBasePermissions.EditListItems Or SPBasePermissions.DeleteListItems Or SPBasePermissions.AddDelPrivateWebParts
   oRoleDefinition.Update()
End Using
NoteNote

Certain objects implement the IDisposable interface, and you must avoid retaining these objects in memory after they are no longer needed. For information about good coding practices, see Disposing Objects.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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