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XmlForm class

Represents the underlying XML document of a form.

System.Object
  Microsoft.Office.InfoPath.XmlForm

Namespace:  Microsoft.Office.InfoPath
Assembly:  Microsoft.Office.InfoPath (in Microsoft.Office.InfoPath.dll)

'Declaration
Public MustInherit Class XmlForm
'Usage
Dim instance As XmlForm

The XmlForm class is a key object in the InfoPath managed code object model that provides properties, methods, and events that can be used to programmatically interact with and manipulate the XML data in the underlying XML document of a form.

While XmlForm objects can be accessed from the XmlFormCollection class using the XmlForms property of the Application class, in most cases, when working with form template business logic you will access the XmlForm class and its members using the this (in C#) or Me (in Visual Basic) keywords without going through the collection.

For example, the following code examples of event handlers for the Loading event use the this or Me keywords to access the MainDataSource and NamespaceManager properties of the XmlForm class. These properties are used to work with an instance of the System.Xml.XPath.XPathNavigator class to navigate to the employee field (resolving namespace prefixes by using the NamespaceManager property), and then set the field to the current user's username.

Public Sub FormEvents_Loading(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As LoadingEventArgs)
   ' Create XPathNavigator positioned at the root of the main data 
   ' source.
   Dim myNav As XPathNavigator = Me.MainDataSource.CreateNavigator()

   ' Select employee field and set value to username.
   myNav.SelectSingleNode("//my:employee", Me.NamespaceManager). _
      SetValue(System.Environment.UserName)
End Sub
NoteNote

It is not necessary to explicitly reference the this or Me keywords to access the members of the XmlForm class in form code. For example, the lines of code to access the MainDataSource property in the previous C# and Visual Basic examples can be written as follows:

XPathNavigator myNav = MainDataSource.CreateNavigator()
Dim myNav As XPathNavigator = MainDataSource.CreateNavigator()

However, using the this or Me keywords when writing code does facilitate IntelliSense statement completion, which lists the members of the XmlForm class when writing business logic code in a form template's FormCode module.

When working with managed code, the source XML data of a form is accessed through the MainDataSource property which returns an instance of the DataSource class that represents the main data source of the form. The CreateNavigator method of the DataSource class is then used to create an instance of the System.Xml.XPath.XPathNavigator class which is positioned at the root of the form's underlying XML document. The members of the XPathNavigator class can then be used to navigate, read from and write to the form data. For more information about using the XPathNavigator class in InfoPath form code, see How to: Work with the XPathNavigator and XPathNodeIterator Classes.

The XmlForm class also provides additional properties that can be used to get information about the form and its underlying XML document. It also provides methods that can be used to perform various actions with the form, such as printing, saving, and submitting. Form-level events, such as loading a form, switching views, or a merge operation, are implemented by the FormEvents class. Additionally, events raised by changes to the underlying XML document itself are implemented by the XmlEvents class.

The XmlForm object can be accessed from the XmlFormCollection and Window classes in the InfoPath object model. The following table lists these locations where the XmlForm object is available.

Name

Description

XmlFormCollection

Accessed from the Application object by using the XmlForms property. Provides the Item property and Open() method for accessing the XmlForm objects that it contains.

Window

Provides the XmlForm property for accessing the XmlForm object associated with the window.

In the InfoPath 2003 compatible managed code object model (the types and members of the Microsoft.Office.Interop.InfoPath.SemiTrust namespace), which was first introduced in InfoPath 2003 Service Pack 1 in conjunction with the Microsoft Office InfoPath 2003 Toolkit for Visual Studio .NET, the following classes provided an XDocument property for accessing the underlying XML document of a form during events: DataDOMEventObject, DocActionEventObject, DocEventObject, DocReturnEventObject, and VersionUpgradeEventObject classes.

In the new InfoPath managed code object model (the types and members of the Microsoft.Office.InfoPath namespace), you use the this (in C#) or Me (in Visual Basic) keywords to access the XmlForm class and its members from event handlers and from other code in your form template business logic.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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