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abs, _abs64 

Calculate the absolute value.


int abs( 
   int n 
);
long abs( 
   long n 
);   // C++ only
double abs( 
   double n 
);   // C++ only
long double abs(
   long double n
);   // C++ only
float abs(
   float n 
);   // C++ only
__int64 _abs64( 
   __int64 n 
);

Parameters

n

Integer value.

The abs function returns the absolute value of its parameter. There is no error return.

C++ allows overloading, so you can call overloads of abs. In a C program, abs always takes and returns an int.

Routine Required header Compatibility

abs

<stdlib.h> or <math.h>

ANSI, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

_abs64

<stdlib.h>

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

This program computes and displays the absolute values of several numbers.

// crt_abs.c
// This program demonstrates the user of the abs function
// by computing and displaying the absolute values of
// several numbers.

#include  <stdio.h>
#include  <math.h>
#include  <stdlib.h>

int main( void )
{
    int     ix = -4,
            iy;
    long    lx = -41567L,
            ly;
    double  dx = -3.141593,
            dy;
    __int64 wx = -1, wy;

    // absolute 64 bit integer value
    wy = _abs64( wx );
    printf_s( "The absolute value of %I64x is %I64x\n", wx, wy);

    // absolute 32 bit integer value
    iy = abs( ix );
    printf_s( "The absolute value of %d is %d\n", ix, iy);

    // absolute long integer value
    ly = labs( lx );
    printf_s( "The absolute value of %ld is %ld\n", lx, ly);

    // absolute double value
    dy = fabs( dx );
    printf_s( "The absolute value of %f is %f\n", dx, dy );
}

Output

The absolute value of ffffffffffffffff is 1
The absolute value of -4 is 4
The absolute value of -41567 is 41567
The absolute value of -3.141593 is 3.141593

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