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Using the Finally Block

When an exception occurs, execution stops and control is given to the closest exception handler. This often means that lines of code you expect to always be called are not executed. Some resource cleanup, such as closing a file, must always be executed even if an exception is thrown. To accomplish this, you can use a finally block. A finally block is always executed, regardless of whether an exception is thrown.

The following code example uses a try/catch block to catch an ArgumentOutOfRangeException. The Main method creates two arrays and attempts to copy one to the other. The action generates an ArgumentOutOfRangeException and the error is written to the console. The finally block executes regardless of the outcome of the copy action.

Imports System
Class ArgumentOutOfRangeExample
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim array1 As Integer() =  {0, 0}
      Dim array2 As Integer() =  {0, 0}
      Try
         Array.Copy(array1, array2, - 1)
      Catch e As ArgumentOutOfRangeException
         Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}", e)
      Finally
         Console.WriteLine("This statement is always executed.")
      End Try
   End Sub 'Main
End Class 'ArgumentOutOfRangeExample
[C#]
using System;
class ArgumentOutOfRangeExample
   {
   static public void Main()
      {
      int[] array1={0,0};
      int[] array2={0,0};
         try
         {
         Array.Copy(array1,array2,-1);
         }
         catch (ArgumentOutOfRangeException e)
         {
         Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}",e);
         }
         finally
         {
         Console.WriteLine("This statement is always executed.");
         }
      }
   }

See Also

Using the Try/Catch Block to Catch Exceptions | Throwing Exceptions | Using User-Defined Exceptions | Exception Handling Fundamentals

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