18.104.22.168 Account Domains
Accounts are always created relative to an issuing authority, which is responsible for allocating and assigning the SID. In Windows, the issuing authority is referred to as a domain. A domain can be either a local domain or extend across a network.
Domains store information about their accounts in an account database.
Windows uses Active Directory as the account database in domain-based environments, whereas in environments that are not domain-based, it uses the security account manager (SAM) built-in database as the account database.