Get started using work items
To plan and track a software development project, you create work items defined in Team Foundation Server (TFS). With work items, you can assign work, track status, and coordinate efforts within the team. You can link work items to one another, as well as to changesets and source code files.
The procedures in this topic show how to work in Team Explorer. You can perform similar procedures in Team Web Access (TWA), although the details might differ slightly.
To create or find work items, first connect to your team project.
If you haven’t been added to the TFS Contributors group, get added now.
In Visual Studio, open Team Explorer and connect to the team project that you want to work in.
If Team Explorer is not visible, on the menu bar, choose View, Team Explorer. If it’s your first time connecting to the team project, go here.
Open the Work Items page.
Choose the type of work item to create, for example, Product Backlog Item. Enter a title and then save the work item. Before you change the default State, you must save it.
Use the search box to find a specific work item by its ID. Enter a keyword or phrase to find work items based on a Title or Description field.
Also, you can enter a shortcut identifier. For example, the following shortcut phrases are valid: A:Annie or A=@me for Assigned To, C:Peter or C=@me for Created By, T=Task for type of work item, S=New for State.
Use the =, :, and – operators to specify the operations: Equals, Contains, and Not, respectively.
Each team member can update the status of a work item or change the value of any writeable field in the work item form, except History. Modifications made to a work item are recorded in the History field. You can’t change the ID.
To track the progress of a work item, change its State. The following diagram shows both a typical and an atypical workflow progression for the product backlog item provided with the Scrum process template.
State Diagram for a Product Backlog Item
Typical workflow progression:
Each work item contains an audit trail of changes made to it. You can view these changes through the History tab.
To view only the comments added to the log, choose the Discussion Only tab.
To view all changes made to the item, choose the All Changes tab, and then choose the show all changes link for a specific date and time or field.
From TWA, choose the expand icon for a specific date and time as the following illustration shows.
To find work items based on its history, see Query for work items using the History field.
A: By linking work items using Related or Dependent link types, you can track work that is dependent on other work. To learn more, see Link work items to support traceability.
A: You can add a work item that is automatically linked to an existing work item from the links control tabs. For example, you can add a task that is linked to a backlog item from the Tasks tab.
For more information on linking, see Link work items to support traceability.
A: You can define additional portfolio backlogs for a total of five portfolio backlogs.
A: To track additional data for a work item, you can Modify or add a field to support queries, reports, and workflow.
A: The Storyboards tab in the PBI form allows you to link to storyboards that you've uploaded to a shared network location. You can link to any URL that your team can access. Also, you can link to storyboards that you created using PowerPoint Storyboarding.
A: You can connect to TFS through a web browser or from several clients. See Choose the Team Foundation client to support your tasks.