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C26160

warning C26160: Caller possibly failing to hold lock <lock> before calling function <func>.

Warning C26160 resembles warning C26110 except that the confidence level is lower. For example, the function may contain annotation errors.

The following code generates warning C26160.

struct Account
{
    _Guarded_by_(cs) int balance;
    CRITICAL_SECTION cs;

    _No_competing_thread_ void Init() 
    {
        balance = 0; // OK
    }

    _Requires_lock_held_(this->cs) void FuncNeedsLock();

    _No_competing_thread_ void FuncInitCallOk()
        // this annotation requires this function is called 
        // single-threaded, therefore we don't need to worry 
        // about the lock
    {
        FuncNeedsLock(); // OK, single threaded
    } 

    void FuncInitCallBad() // No annotation provided, analyzer generates warning
    {
        FuncNeedsLock(); // Warning C26160
    }

};

The following code shows a solution to the previous example.

struct Account
{
    _Guarded_by_(cs) int balance;
    CRITICAL_SECTION cs;

    _No_competing_thread_ void Init()
    {
        balance = 0; // OK
    }

    _Requires_lock_held_(this->cs) void FuncNeedsLock();

    _No_competing_thread_ void FuncInitCallOk()
        // this annotation requires this function is called 
        // single-threaded, therefore we don't need to worry 
        // about the lock
    {
        FuncNeedsLock(); // OK, single threaded
    } 

    void FuncInitCallBadFixed() // this function now properly acquires (and releases) the lock
    {
        EnterCriticalSection(&this->cs); 
        FuncNeedsLock();  
        LeaveCriticalSection(&this->cs);
    }
};
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