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Start Data Movement on an AlwaysOn Secondary Database (SQL Server)

SQL Server 2012

This topic contains information about how to start data synchronization after you add a database to an AlwaysOn availability group. For each new primary replica, secondary databases must be prepared on the server instances that host the secondary replicas. Then each of these secondary databases must be manually joined to the availability group.

Note Note

If the file paths are identical on every server instance that hosts an availability replica for an availability group, the New Availability Group Wizard, Add Replica to Availability Group Wizard, or Add Database to Availability Group Wizard might be able to automatically start data synchronization for you.

To start data synchronization manually, you need to connect, in turn, to each server instance that is hosting a secondary replica for the availability group and complete the following steps:

  1. Restore current backups of each primary database and its transaction log (using RESTORE WITH NORECOVERY). You can use either of the following alternative approaches:

    • Manually restore a recent database backup of the primary database using RESTORE WITH NORECOVERY, and then restore each subsequent log backup using RESTORE WITH NORECOVERY. Perform this restore sequence on every server instance that hosts a secondary replica for the availability group.

      For more information:

      Manually Prepare a Secondary Database for an Availability Group (SQL Server)

    • If you are adding one or more log shipping primary databases to an availability group, you might be able to migrate one or more of the corresponding secondary databases from log shipping to AlwaysOn Availability Groups. Migrating a log shipping secondary database requires that it use the same database name as the primary database and that it reside on a server instance that is hosting a secondary replica for the availability group. Furthermore, the availability group must be configured so that the primary replica is preferred for backups and is a candidate for performing backups (that is, that has a backup priority that is >0). Once the backup job has run on the primary database, you will need to disable the backup job, and once the restore job has run on a given secondary database, you will need to disable the restore job.

      Note Note

      After you have created all the secondary databases for the availability group, if you want to perform backups on secondary replicas, you will need to re-configure the automated backup preference of the availability group.

      For more information:

      Prerequisites for Migrating from Log Shipping to AlwaysOn Availability Groups (SQL Server)

      Configure Backup on Availability Replicas (SQL Server)

  2. As soon as possible, join each newly prepared secondary database to the availability group.

    For more information:

    Join a Secondary Database to an Availability Group (SQL Server)

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